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736 records – page 1 of 74.

Aboriginal groups seek representation on Pan-Canadian Public Health Network.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature147858
Source
CMAJ. 2009 Nov 24;181(11):781-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-24-2009

[A comparative study of the inoculation properties of live recombinant and inactivated influenza vaccines made from strain A/Philippines/2/82 (H3N2) in 8- to 15-year-old children].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225785
Source
Vopr Virusol. 1991 Sep-Oct;36(5):372-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
A N Slepushkin
N P Obrosova-Serova
E I Burtseva
E A Govorkova
L G Rudenko
R V Vartanian
A I Vereshchinskii
M D Musina
N I Lonskaia
L A Zazimko
Source
Vopr Virusol. 1991 Sep-Oct;36(5):372-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Antibodies, Viral - blood
Child
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control
Humans
Influenza Vaccines - adverse effects - immunology
Influenza, Human - prevention & control
International Cooperation
Moscow
Orthomyxoviridae - immunology
United States
Vaccines, Inactivated - adverse effects - immunology
Vaccines, Synthetic - adverse effects - immunology
Abstract
This study was carried out to compare reactogenicity, immunogenicity, and efficacy of live attenuated and inactivated influenza vaccines prepared from influenza A/Philippines/2/82-like virus strains. Schoolchildren of a boarding school of Moscow were randomly divided into three groups: (1) vaccinated with a live attenuated vaccine, (2) vaccinated with inactivated influenza vaccine, and (3) given placebo. Both vaccines were well tolerated by the children, with practically no severe general or local reactions. The inactivated vaccine was found to be superior to the live one in its capacity to stimulate humoral immunity studied by HI, EIA, and microneutralization tests. In 69.7% of the children given the inactivated vaccine, seroconversion to the vaccine strain was detected by two or three methods of antibody titration used. Only 35.4% seroconversions were demonstrated in children immunized with the live influenza vaccine. Enzyme immunoassay was found to be a more sensitive but less specific method for antibody titration as compared with HI test whereas microneutralization proved to be more specific but less sensitive for titration of antibodies to influenza A (H3N2) viruses.
PubMed ID
1803766 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A comparative study of the protective properties of live recombinant and inactivated influenza vaccines made from strain A/Philippines/2/82 (H3N2) in 8- to 15-year-old children].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225784
Source
Vopr Virusol. 1991 Sep-Oct;36(5):375-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
E I Burtseva
N P Obrosova-Serova
E A Govorkova
L G Rudenko
R V Vartanian
A L Beliaev
V T Ivanova
M D Musina
S G Cheshek
L A Zazimko
Source
Vopr Virusol. 1991 Sep-Oct;36(5):375-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Antibodies, Viral - blood
Child
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control
Humans
Immunization, Secondary
Influenza Vaccines - immunology
Influenza, Human - microbiology - prevention & control
Moscow
Nasopharynx - microbiology
Orthomyxoviridae - immunology - isolation & purification
Vaccines, Inactivated - immunology
Vaccines, Synthetic - immunology
Abstract
A limited controlled comparative study for the evaluation of the epidemiological efficacy of live recombinant and inactivated virion vaccines from A/Philippines/2/82-like strains of influenza A (H3N2) virus was carried out in schoolchildren of 8 to 15 years of age. During the influenza epidemic of 1987-1988 caused by influenza A/Sichuan/2/87 (H3N2)-like strains and by influenza B virus in 8.2-17% of cases, a statistically significant efficacy index for live influenza vaccine was 1.8 for the laboratory confirmed A (H3N2) cases. In the group vaccinated with the inactivated vaccine the number of serologically diagnosed A (H3N2) cases was 1.6 times lower than in the group receiving placebo, this difference being statistically significant. Thus, under the conditions of significant difference in the antigenic structure of the vaccine and epidemic A (H3N2) strains, both vaccines produced some diminished but statistically significant preventive effect in vaccinated children although its level was below the optimal. Revaccination of some children with a live influenza vaccine from a new A/Sichuan/2/87-like variant of A (H3N2) virus in the autumn of 1988 with reisolation of the vaccine strain also revealed the presence of some, though weak, resistance to this strain in the children vaccinated with both vaccines.
PubMed ID
1803767 View in PubMed
Less detail

Active hospital-based surveillance for meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine adverse events after an emergency mass immunization program, Edmonton, Alberta.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174388
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2005 Jun 1;31(11):126-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1-2005

[Acute diseases and trauma of thorax and abdomen in patients with hemocontact viral infections].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138580
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2010;(9):24-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
M A Godkov
Sh N Danielian
M M Abakumov
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2010;(9):24-9
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdominal Injuries - epidemiology - surgery
Communicable disease control
Community-Acquired Infections - epidemiology - immunology - transmission
Comorbidity
Cumulative Trauma Disorders - epidemiology - surgery
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Disease Transmission, Infectious - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Emergencies
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology - transmission
Humans
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Surgery Department, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Thoracic Injuries - epidemiology - surgery
Virus Diseases - epidemiology - immunology - transmission
Abstract
Screening of hemocontact viral infections (HVI) (HIV, hepatitis B and C) was conducted among patients of the emergency thoraco-abdominal surgery unit. During the 8 years of the study the HVI detection had increased on 57.4%. Gender analysis showed greater HVI prevalence among men. Medico-social criteria of HVI risk-groups among patients of the emergency thoraco-abdominal surgery unit were stated.
PubMed ID
21164418 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007 Aug 9;127(15):1966-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-9-2007

[Advances and challenges in immunoprophylaxis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132687
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(6):21-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
A A Baranov
V K Tatochenko
L S Namazova-Baranova
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(6):21-7
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Bacterial Vaccines - administration & dosage
Child
Child, Preschool
Communicable Disease Control - history - methods
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Immunization Programs
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Preventive Health Services - standards - trends
Russia - epidemiology
Vaccination - history - standards - trends
Vaccines, Combined - administration & dosage
Viral Vaccines - administration & dosage
Abstract
A significant progress in the management of controllable infections achieved by the early XXI century made it possible eliminate poliomyelitis across the nation, and practically eliminate measeles by vaccinating 96-99% of the children without raising the complication rate. The list of counterindications was shortened significantly, the Calendar of immunoprophylaxis was supplemented by inoculations against hepatitis B, rubella, flu, and type b Haemophilis influenzae infections. Morbidity of controllable infections in Russia decreased substantially compared with that in the 1990s. Nevertheless, the public health services are faced with the necessity of speedy application of new vaccines (including combined ones) allowing the inoculation impact on the child to be reduced. A rationale for the use of vaccines against pneumococcal and meningococcal infections, hepatitis A, varicella and for scaling up anti-pertussis vaccination coverage is proposed. Equally important is more extensive vaccination against papillomavirus infection as a means of cervical cancer prevention and introduction of the rotavirus vaccine to control most viral diarrheas.
PubMed ID
21789797 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adverse effects of amantadine and oseltamivir used during respiratory outbreaks in a center for developmentally disabled adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature177196
Source
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004 Nov;25(11):955-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2004
Author
Allison J McGeer
Wayne Lee
Mark Loeb
Andrew E Simor
Margaret McArthur
Karen Green
Jonathan Hayfron Benjamin
Charles Gardner
Author Affiliation
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004 Nov;25(11):955-61
Date
Nov-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acetamides - adverse effects
Adult
Aged
Amantadine - adverse effects
Antiviral Agents - adverse effects
Child
Comorbidity
Developmental Disabilities - epidemiology
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Female
Gastrointestinal Diseases - chemically induced
Humans
Incidence
Infection Control - methods - statistics & numerical data
Long-Term Care - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Nervous System Diseases - chemically induced
Ontario - epidemiology
Oseltamivir
Respiratory Tract Infections - drug therapy - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
Antiviral prophylaxis is recommended for the control of institutional influenza A outbreaks. In long-term-care institutions other than nursing homes, neither the seriousness of influenza nor the risks and benefits of antiviral prophylaxis is clearly understood. We studied the severity of illness due to influenza among adults residing in a center for the developmentally disabled and assessed adverse reactions to amantadine and oseltamivir prophylaxis.
Data were collected from the charts of consenting residents. Complications of upper respiratory tract illness were recorded. Potential adverse events were documented during amantadine and oseltamivir therapy, and during a baseline period with neither medication.
The median age of the 287 participants was 46.4 years. Only 15 (5%) were older than 65 years, and 69 (24%) had chronic underlying medical illness placing them at high risk for influenza. Of the 122 residents with an upper respiratory tract infection, 16 (13%) developed pneumonia, 12 (9.8%) were hospitalized, and 5 (4%) died. Twenty-eight (25%) of 112 residents had an adverse neurologic event while receiving amantadine prophylaxis, compared with 3 (2.7%) receiving no antiviral medication and 5 (4.5%) receiving oseltamivir (P
PubMed ID
15566030 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A gathering of the chief pulmonary tuberculosis specialists in the branches of the Armed Forces, military districts and the Navy].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature195754
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2000 Aug;321(8):89-93
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
Aug-2000

736 records – page 1 of 74.