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4472 records – page 1 of 448.

[2 outbreaks of trichinelliasis in Rostov Province].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220244
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 1993 Oct-Dec;(5):18-21
Publication Type
Article
Author
V A Dotsenko
T I Tverdokhlebov
A A Shirinian
N G Barinova
A P Ordyntseva
S A Nagornyi
A V Markin
S Ia Verkholomova
E P Tikhomirova
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 1993 Oct-Dec;(5):18-21
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mebendazole - therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Russia - epidemiology
Time Factors
Trichinellosis - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Abstract
Two epidemiologically unrelated outbreaks of trichinellosis were registered in Rostov Province in the November and December of 1984 with 16 patients in the Salsk District and 20 patients in Rostov-on-Don. The course of the disease was characterized by 6-20% of severe and 31-45% moderate forms, respectively. The source of the infection was pork that had not been controlled for Trichinella spiralis. Late diagnosis and inadequate treatment in one case led to a fatal outcome. Economic losses accounted for 490,000 rubles (as of 1985). In spite of energetic prophylaxis measures, the situation in the Rostov Province continues to be serious. In 1989-1992, eighteen cases of trichinellosis were registered in the Salsk District again.
PubMed ID
8127264 View in PubMed
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A 7-month outbreak of relapsing postpartum group A streptococcal infections linked to a nurse with atopic dermatitis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192371
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 2001;33(10):734-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
T. Ejlertsen
J. Prag
E. Pettersson
A. Holmskov
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Viborg Hospital, Denmark. tej@aas.nja.dk
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 2001;33(10):734-7
Date
2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Carrier State - microbiology - transmission
Denmark - epidemiology
Dermatitis, Atopic - microbiology
Disease Outbreaks
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient
Puerperal Infection - epidemiology - microbiology
Streptococcal Infections - epidemiology - microbiology - transmission
Streptococcus pyogenes - isolation & purification
Abstract
A 7-month outbreak of 15 cases of postpartum sepsis with group A haemolytic Streptococci (GAS) was stopped when a carrier was identified. Comparing delivery dates with duty rotas revealed that the carrier had been present during delivery in 13 of the 15 cases. The epidemic GAS type, T3-13-B3264, was found in a carbuncle in her groin and in atopic dermatitis lesions behind her ears and on her eyelids. Thus, it was not the microbiological screening of staff that helped detect the carrier. The outbreak went unnoticed for 6 months, as no 2 cases were diagnosed by the same physician and 5 cases were diagnosed by different general practitioners. The main risk factors for infection were presence of the carrier relative risk (relative risk RR 47.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 10.9-209.5) and suturing of episiotomy (RR 11.0; 95% CI 2.6-47.9). We recommend that a thorough epidemiological investigation should be carried out in every single case of GAS postpartum infection. Despite initial intravenous treatment with penicillin, 8 patients experienced > 15 recurring postpartum GAS infections, such as endometritis, wound infection, tonsillitis, erysipelas and Brodie's abscess. Eradication of GAS should be confirmed after completion of treatment.
PubMed ID
11728037 View in PubMed
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[15 cases of epidemic hepatitis. Can infection take place through community laundries?]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature57194
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1968 May 23;130(21):911-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-23-1968
Author
F. Lovschall
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1968 May 23;130(21):911-2
Date
May-23-1968
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Communicable disease control
Denmark
Disease Outbreaks - history
Germany
Hepatitis A - epidemiology
Laundering
PubMed ID
5699684 View in PubMed
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The 16th international AIDS conference, Toronto, 2006: working to increase the response to the growing global epidemic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162558
Source
West Indian Med J. 2007 Jan;56(1):1-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2007

A 20-year ecological study of the temporal association between influenza and meningococcal disease.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature30400
Source
Eur J Epidemiol. 2004;19(2):181-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Elise Snitker Jensen
Søren Lundbye-Christensen
Susanne Samuelsson
Henrik Toft Sørensen
Henrik Carl Schønheyder
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Arhus, Denmark. esjensen@dadlnet.dk
Source
Eur J Epidemiol. 2004;19(2):181-7
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Distribution
Child
Child, Preschool
Comorbidity
Confidence Intervals
Denmark - epidemiology
Disease Outbreaks
Female
Humans
Infant
Influenza, Human - diagnosis - epidemiology
Male
Meningococcal Infections - diagnosis - epidemiology
Periodicity
Poisson Distribution
Prognosis
Registries
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Seasons
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Distribution
Abstract
Both influenza and meningococcal disease (MD) show seasonal variation with peak incidence rates during the winter. We examined whether fluctuations in occurrence of influenza were associated with changes in the incidence rate of MD, either simultaneously or with a delay of one or 2 weeks, and whether age had an impact on these associations. This ecological study was based on weekly surveillance data on influenza and a complete registration of MD cases (n = 413) in North Jutland County, Denmark, during 1980-1999. A total of 379 MD cases occurred during weeks with influenza registration. The analysis was done using a Poisson regression model taking into account the seasonal variation and trend over time in incidence rate of MD, and stratified by age: or = 14 years (n = 152). An increase of 100 registered cases of influenza per 100,000 inhabitants was associated with a 7% (95% CI: -1 to 15%) increase in the number of MD cases during the same week. The association was most marked for
PubMed ID
15074574 View in PubMed
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25- to 30-nm virus particle associated with a hospital outbreak of acute gastroenteritis with evidence for airborne transmission.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature233035
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1988 Jun;127(6):1261-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1988
Author
L A Sawyer
J J Murphy
J E Kaplan
P F Pinsky
D. Chacon
S. Walmsley
L B Schonberger
A. Phillips
K. Forward
C. Goldman
Author Affiliation
Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1988 Jun;127(6):1261-71
Date
Jun-1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Air Microbiology
Cross Infection - epidemiology - microbiology - transmission
Disease Outbreaks
Emergency Service, Hospital
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Gastroenteritis - epidemiology - microbiology - transmission
Hospital Units
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norwalk virus - isolation & purification
Ontario
Virion - isolation & purification
Virus Diseases - epidemiology - transmission
Abstract
Between November 1 and 22, 1985, an outbreak of acute, nonbacterial gastroenteritis occurred in a 600-bed hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Illness in 635 of 2,379 (27%) staff was characterized by fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting and had a median duration of 24-48 hours. The finding of virus-like particles measuring 25-30 nm in six stool specimens and low rates of seroresponse to Norwalk virus (3/39) and Snow Mountain agent (1/6) suggest that a Norwalk-like virus was responsible for the outbreak. The outbreak was of abrupt onset and high incidence, affecting 79 people in a single day. No common food or water exposure could be identified. The attack rate was greatest (69%) for staff who had worked in the Emergency Room. Of 100 patients and their companions who visited the Emergency Room on November 11-12 for unrelated problems, 33 (33%) developed gastroenteritis 24-48 hours after their visit, versus 0 of 18 who visited the Emergency Room on November 8 (p less than 0.001). An analysis of housekeepers who worked at least once during the period from November 9-13, which included those who became ill during the period of November 9-14, showed that the risk of becoming ill was four times greater for those who visited or walked through the Emergency Room than for those who did not (p = 0.028). These data are consistent with the possibility of the airborne spread of a virus.
PubMed ID
2835899 View in PubMed
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[99Tcm]MAG3 gamma camera nephrography in epidemic nephritis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227655
Source
Nucl Med Commun. 1991 Jan;12(1):15-25
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1991
Author
R. Paul
H. Kiiliäinen
L. Tarssanen
M. Vorne
Author Affiliation
Department of Internal Medicine, Mikkeli Central Hospital, Finland.
Source
Nucl Med Commun. 1991 Jan;12(1):15-25
Date
Jan-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Disease Outbreaks
Finland - epidemiology
Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome - epidemiology - physiopathology
Humans
Liver - physiopathology
Oligopeptides - diagnostic use
Organotechnetium Compounds - diagnostic use
Radioisotope Renography
Technetium Tc 99m Mertiatide
Abstract
There is a lack of systematic nephrographic studies on epidemic nephritis (EN). We studied 10 patients with EN using [99Tcm]MAG3 gamma camera nephrography and followed up 9 of them 22-68 days later when they had clinically recovered. Variables for renal clearance of [99Tcm]MAG3 and the retention of radioactivity in the kidneys and blood were calculated. In all patients renal function was impaired acutely. There was marked reconstitution of renal function in the control studies. [99Tcm]MAG3 clearance was inversely related to serum creatinine. On visual inspection the nephrograms showed no focal changes. Nephrography was more sensitive than sonography at identifying renal impairment. [99Tcm]MAG3 nephrography is a sensitive method for identifying renal involvement and reconstitution of renal function in EN. It may be a valuable adjunct to the diagnostic arsenal, especially in nonendemic areas where EN occurs only sporadically and where there may be diagnostic uncertainty in patients presenting acutely with EN.
PubMed ID
1673780 View in PubMed
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4472 records – page 1 of 448.