The information about foundation, development and main areas of activity of All-Russian Service for Disaster Medicine is given. Almost 20 years professional staff members help to save lives and health of people injured in emergency situations in Russia and other countries. There are 81 territorial centers for disaster medicine. The main center is All-Russian center for disaster medicine Zaschita. Its organizational structure, performance indexes including development of information and communication technology, telehealth, organization of firs-aid in a traffic collision are considered. The main ways of improvement of the whole service for disaster medicine including service for disaster medicine of Ministry of Defense are shown.
The article substantiate the necessity to improve the automatization of the information process in the system of medical support in extreme situations and thus to liquidate the disproportion between the medico-diagnostical and information accumulation storage facilities. These facts clearly define the importance of work which is being carried out by Medical Service towards an elaboration of the "Disaster Medicine" automated information retrieval system (AIRS). The data obtained as a result of AIRS processing could be directly used for reference or prediction purposes.
The effective system for the emergency health care in the disaster or calamity situations presupposes a wide application of computer facilities. The article shows the possibilities towards the improvement of medical support with the help of the disaster medicine information dissemination system. The authors give the main functional characteristics of this system which could make it possible to optimize the health care to the wounded and to make a correct distribution of assets.
Breeding sites and number of man-attacking mosquitos were studied in 1986-1987 in recreation areas in the north of Udmurt ASSR. Some sanitary-prophylaxis measures are recommended basing on the knowledge of breeding and activity periods of man-biting mosquitos. Studies of the probable breeding sites of blood-sucking mosquitos were performed in 1986-1987 in the vicinity of pioneer camps "Zvezdochka", "Lastochka", the tourist base "Cheptsa" and Institute's sports camp in the north of the Udmurt ASSR. It was established that water basins in the floodlands of the Cheptsa River and its confluents, featuring rising water level during the floods, were the largest breeding sites of mosquitos. The most numerous species of man-biting mosquitos were Ae. cantans, Ae. punctor, the most common ones were Ae. excrucians, Ae. cinereus and Ae. vexans. Most of the mosquitos attacked in the second half of June--first half of August.