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7 records – page 1 of 1.

A 40-year history of overweight children in Stockholm: life-time overweight, morbidity, and mortality.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature23563
Source
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1994 Sep;18(9):585-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1994
Author
L. DiPietro
H O Mossberg
A J Stunkard
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia.
Source
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1994 Sep;18(9):585-90
Date
Sep-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Body mass index
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology - etiology
Digestive System Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - etiology
Middle Aged
Morbidity
Musculoskeletal Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Obesity - complications - epidemiology - mortality
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
We describe the 40-year weight history and adult morbidity and mortality in a cohort of 504 overweight children, aged 2 months to 16 years, who were admitted for investigation of their overweight to four children's hospitals in Stockholm between 1921 and 1947. Follow-up information was gathered by questionnaire at 10-year intervals, most recently in 1980-1983 (n = 458), on weight history (based on the body mass index (BMI = kg/m2)), as well as prevalence of cardiovascular disease (n = 143), diabetes (n = 39), and cancer (all types (n = 20)), reported during the 40 years of follow-up, and mortality from all causes (n = 55), determined from death certificate. The sample of overweight children remained overweight as adults; after age 55 years, the BMI began to decline for both genders. Female subjects were heavier than their male counterparts from postpuberty onward. Subjects who died by the 40-year follow-up and those reporting cardiovascular disease were significantly (P
PubMed ID
7812410 View in PubMed
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Are chronic digestive complaints the result of abnormal dietary patterns? Diet and digestive complaints in children at 22 and 40 months of age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature235134
Source
Am J Dis Child. 1987 Jun;141(6):679-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1987
Author
R M Issenman
S. Hewson
D. Pirhonen
W. Taylor
A. Tirosh
Source
Am J Dis Child. 1987 Jun;141(6):679-82
Date
Jun-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Diet - adverse effects
Diet Surveys
Digestive System Diseases - epidemiology - etiology - genetics
Humans
Infant
Interviews as Topic
Ontario
Questionnaires
Abstract
We studied 149 healthy children at 22 months of age and 74 at 40 months of age, employing a 24-hour dietary record based on premailed food measurement guide and telephone questionnaire. Parents cooperated in 94% of contacts. Chronic digestive complaints decreased from 27% to 5% of the sample over the study period: constipation from 16% to 3%, chronic diarrhea from 8% to 1%, and abdominal pain from 5% to 1%. Excessive fluid intake (1470 +/- 600 vs 840 +/- 300 mL/d) correlated most strongly for seven children at 22 months experiencing alternating symptoms of chronic diarrhea and constipation or abdominal pain. Many other children tolerated dietary extremes without complaint. All macronutrient categories except dietary fiber intake increased over the study period. Thus, excessive fluid intake may provoke symptoms suggesting the irritable bowel syndrome in a susceptible group of younger children. Failure to increase fiber intake from 22 to 40 months of age leaves children on an immature diet whose effects require further study.
PubMed ID
3578195 View in PubMed
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[Incidence of non-communicable diseases and health risks due to potable water quality].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature127928
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Nov-Dec;(6):30-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
S E Skudarnov
S V Kurkatov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 Nov-Dec;(6):30-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Digestive System Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Drinking Water - standards
Female
Female Urogenital Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Humans
Incidence
Male
Male Urogenital Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Musculoskeletal Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Public Health - standards - statistics & numerical data
Siberia - epidemiology
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis - toxicity
Abstract
Iron and fluorine concentrations and water mineralization and hardness, which exceeded the maximum allowable concentrations, were found to cause an increase in overall morbidity and morbidity from skeletal-and-muscular, urogenital, and digestive system involvement in the population of the Krasnoyarsk Region. A quantitative relationship were found between the concentrations of iron, the hardness and dry residue of water and the incidence rates of urogenital, skeletal-and-muscular and digestive diseases. The consumption of potable water contaminated with chloroform and methane tetrachloride presents unacceptable carcinogenic risks to the population of the Krasnoyarsk Region.
PubMed ID
22250386 View in PubMed
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[Natural micronutrient deficiency as a cause of the digestive system diseases in Chuvashia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature142214
Source
Eksp Klin Gastroenterol. 2010;(4):93-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
E A Khokhlova
L V Tarasova
Source
Eksp Klin Gastroenterol. 2010;(4):93-9
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency - epidemiology - etiology
Diet
Digestive System Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Ecosystem
Humans
Micronutrients - deficiency
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritional Status
Rural Population
Russia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
Endemic, biogeochemical peculiarities of the Chuvash Republic territory were analyzed. The regional statistical analysis of the biogeochemical province influence on trace and major mineral elements content in food stuff was carried out. The conducted study let us reveal the following chief problems in the nutritional status of the population of the Republic which led to the inferior health rate and were associated with the biogeochemical peculiarities of the region: selenium, copper, manganese, ferrum deficiency in the food ration.
PubMed ID
20626107 View in PubMed
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[Role of the environment in the occurrence of noninfectious diseases of the digestive tract in the Primorie Territory].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132181
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 May-Jun;(3):10-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
V K Koval'chuk
I L Ivanova
V M Koldaev
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 May-Jun;(3):10-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Child
Digestive System Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Environment
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Male
Morbidity - trends
Retrospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Young Adult
Abstract
The paper presents the results of a hygienic study to identify the leading regional risk factors for noninfectious diseases of the digestive tract (DT) in the Primorye Territory. Data on 55 environmental factors and registered deaths by 5 groups of noninfectious DT diseases over 15 years were collected for the study. The authors used an original scheme for identifying risk factors for DT diseases, by concurrently applying a correlation and regression analysis. The chemical composition of portable water from the water supply system, soil contamination by trace elements, and socioeconomic factors showed 5.6-23.2% responsibility for the geographical distribution of the bulk of DT diseases. At the same time, many years' rises in morbidity rates among children and adolescents by 5.6-18.2% and adults by as high as 50% are attributable to altered daily diets and socioeconomic factors and to reduced access to medical care. The nature of the found risk factors allows one to direct the main ways to prevent non-infectious DT diseases among the region's population.
PubMed ID
21842728 View in PubMed
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[Unbalanced nutrition is a universal factor in the occurrence of visceral diseases].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature151599
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Jan-Feb;(1):42-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
A M Spiridonov
O V Sazonova
I I Berezin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Jan-Feb;(1):42-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Digestive System Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Endocrine System Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Female Urogenital Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Humans
Male
Male Urogenital Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Morbidity - trends
Musculoskeletal Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Nutrition Disorders - complications - epidemiology
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Nutrition is one of the most important determinants of human health. The investigation has determined the pattern of actual nutrition of the Samara Region, its influence on the occurrence of cardiovascular, endocrine, urogenital, and musculoskeletal, and digestive diseases. Emphasis is placed on unbalanced diets excluding meat, by increasing the consumption of bread and cereals, which is a universal factor for the development of visceral diseases. Balanced nutrition using full-value natural products in the optimum ratio is a major condition for health preservation and a means for prevention of the development of various diseases.
PubMed ID
19358353 View in PubMed
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7 records – page 1 of 1.