Skip header and navigation

Refine By

43 records – page 1 of 5.

Acne and dairy products in adolescence: results from a Norwegian longitudinal study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286570
Source
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Mar;31(3):530-535
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2017
Author
M. Ulvestad
E. Bjertness
F. Dalgard
J A Halvorsen
Source
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Mar;31(3):530-535
Date
Mar-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acne Vulgaris - epidemiology
Adolescent
Animals
Dairy Products
Diet
Dietary Fats - analysis
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Milk - chemistry
Norway - epidemiology
Prevalence
Self Report
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
Acne is a very common skin condition, and it is of great interest to elucidate lifestyle factors that may contribute to its occurrence. In the last decade, the acne-diet connection has been brought back to credibility.
To examine whether high intakes of dairy products in early adolescence is associated with moderate to severe acne in later adolescence.
The study is a longitudinal, questionnaire-based population study of Norwegian adolescents. Students attending the 10th grade (15-16 years old) of compulsory schooling in Oslo in 2000-2001 and the 13th grade (18-19 years old) 3 years later, in 2004, were invited. Dairy product consumption was self-reported at age 15-16 and acne severity was self-assessed and reported at age 18-19.
The overall prevalence of moderate to severe acne was 13.9%. High intakes (=2 glasses per day) of full-fat dairy products were associated with moderate to severe acne. In boys with exclusively high intakes of full-fat dairy products, the odds ratio for acne was 4.81 (1.59-14.56). A high total intake of dairy products was associated with acne in girls (OR 1.80, 1.02-3.16). No significant associations were found between acne and intake of semi-skimmed or skimmed dairy products, and not with moderate intakes of any fat variety of dairy products.
This study shows association between high intakes of dairy products and acne in adolescence. Our findings support a hypothesis suggesting that dairy consumption may be a factor contributing to acne. The study is based on multiple hypothesis testing, and the methodological limitations must be considered when interpreting the results.
PubMed ID
27422392 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Adequacy of the diet served to Tarahumara children in indigenous boarding schools of northern Mexico].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143615
Source
Salud Publica Mex. 2010 Jan-Feb;52(1):23-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
Joel Monárrez-Espino
Graciela Ivette Béjar-Lío
Guillermo Vázquez-Mendoza
Author Affiliation
Unidad de Investigación en Epidemiología Clínica, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Chihuahua, México.
Source
Salud Publica Mex. 2010 Jan-Feb;52(1):23-9
Language
Spanish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Diet
Dietary Carbohydrates - analysis
Dietary Fats - analysis
Dietary Proteins - analysis
Energy intake
Female
Food Services
Humans
Indians, North American
Male
Menu Planning
Mexico
Micronutrients - analysis
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Requirements
Residential Facilities
Schools
Abstract
To assess the adequacy and variability of the diet served to Tarahumara children in indigenous boarding schools.
Records of food and drinks served for meals, weighed daily, were obtained from Monday through Friday for 10 consecutive weeks in two selected boarding schools. Nutrient intake for Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays was calculated and analyzed for weeks 3, 5 and 7.
The number of food items used per week ranged from 33 to 46. The most frequently utilized items were cooking oil, fortified corn tortilla, milk, onion, sugar and beans. Total energy served per day fluctuated between 1309 and 2919 Kcal; proteins comprised 10.5 to 21.2% (45 to 127 g/day), carbohydrates 40.7 to 61.9% (145 to 433 g/day), and lipids 22.5 to 48.1% (45 to 125 g/day) of the total. Daily micronutrient content ranges were: iron 15-33 mg, calcium 686-1795 mg, zinc 8-19 mg, vitamin A 118-756 mcg, vitamin B(9) 42-212 mcg, and vitamin B(12) 0.8-5 mcg.
There was significant daily variability in the diet, which was hypercaloric due to the high lipid content, and yet insufficient in vitamins B(9), B(12) and A.
PubMed ID
20464250 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adipose tissue fatty acids in men from two populations with different cardiovascular risk: the LiVicordia study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54224
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1999
Author
A. Kaminskas
B. Ziedén
B. Elving
M. Kristenson
A. Abaravicius
B. Bergdahl
A G Olsson
Z. Kucinskiene
Author Affiliation
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Date
May-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adipose Tissue - chemistry
Body mass index
Comparative Study
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - metabolism
Diet, Atherogenic
Dietary Fats - analysis
Fatty Acids - analysis
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated - analysis
Humans
Lipid Peroxidation - physiology
Lipoproteins, LDL - metabolism
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Myristic Acid - analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
alpha-Linolenic Acid - analysis
Abstract
The LiVicordia study was set up to investigate possible causes for coronary heart disease mortality in middle-aged Lithuanian men being four times higher than in Swedish men. In a previous part of this study we found lower total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the Lithuanian men in spite of them having a higher fat intake than in the Swedish men. Their LDL was also more susceptible to oxidation in vitro than was that of the Swedish men. Fat quality can influence LDL oxidation. In order to obtain data on long-term fat quality intake we measured the fatty acid composition of abdominal wall adipose tissue by gas chromatography in men aged 50 years from Vilnius, Lithuania (n=50) and Linköping, Sweden (n=50). Men from Vilnius had a significantly higher percentage of adipose tissue long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (20:4n6, 20:5n3, 22:5n5, 22:6n3) and lower percentage of saturated fatty acids, especially myristic acid (14:0), 3.4+/-0.7 versus 4.6+/-0.8, p
PubMed ID
10400167 View in PubMed
Less detail

Age-related variation in red blood cell stable isotope ratios (delta13C and delta15N) from two Yupik villages in southwest Alaska: a pilot study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature77980
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2007 Feb;66(1):31-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2007
Author
Wilkinson Michael J
Yai Youlim
O'Brien Diane M
Author Affiliation
Center for Alaska Native Health Research, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks 99775-7000, USA.
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2007 Feb;66(1):31-41
Date
Feb-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Alaska
Biological Markers - blood
Carbon Isotopes - blood
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fats - analysis
Erythrocytes - radionuclide imaging
Female
Food Analysis - methods
Food Habits - ethnology
Food Preservation
Humans
Inuits
Male
Mass Spectrometry
Middle Aged
Nitrogen Isotopes - blood
Pilot Projects
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: A significant fraction of the Alaska Native population appears to be shifting from a primarily subsistence-based diet to a market-based diet; therefore, the ability to link diet pattern to disease risk has become increasingly important to predicting public health needs. Our research aims to develop the use of stable isotope ratios as diet pattern biomarkers, based on naturally-occurring isotopic differences in the elemental composition of subsistence and non-subsistence foods. These differences are reflected in human blood, hair and fingernail isotope signatures. STUDY DESIGN: In this preliminary study, we investigate the potential for 13C and 15N to serve as dietary biomarkers for age-related dietary differences in a subset of participants involved with a long-term study initiated by the Center for Alaska Native Health Research (CANHR) at the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF). METHODS: We measured delta13C and delta15N in red blood cells collected from 12 "elder" participants (age 60+ yrs) and 14 younger participants (age 14-19 yrs). Samples were evenly divided between males and females, and between two villages sampled in 2004. We also sampled market and subsistence foods in Fairbanks, AK, as an indicator of the isotopic differences likely to be observed in village foods. RESULTS: Elders were significantly enriched in 15N, but depleted in 13C, relative to younger participants. These differences are consistent with increased intake of marine subsistence in elders, and of certain market foods in younger participants. However, elders were considerably more variable in delta15N, suggesting greater differences among individuals in their usual intake. CONCLUSIONS: Overall we find that RBC stable isotope signatures exhibit variation consistent with previously documented dietary patterns in Alaska Natives, and we describe future directions for developing these biomarkers for diet pattern monitoring.
PubMed ID
17451132 View in PubMed
Less detail

An epidemiological study of child health and nutrition in a northern Swedish County. II. Methodological study of the recall technique.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature44162
Source
Nutr Metab. 1970;12(6):321-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
1970

Building global models for fat and total protein content in raw milk based on historical spectroscopic data in the visible and short-wave near infrared range.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature277402
Source
Food Chem. 2016 Jul 15;203:190-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-15-2016
Author
Anastasiia Melenteva
Vladislav Galyanin
Elena Savenkova
Andrey Bogomolov
Source
Food Chem. 2016 Jul 15;203:190-8
Date
Jul-15-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Cattle
Dairying
Dietary Fats - analysis
Female
Least-Squares Analysis
Milk - chemistry - standards
Milk Proteins - analysis
Models, Theoretical
Reference Standards
Russia
Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared - methods
Abstract
A large set of fresh cow milk samples collected from many suppliers over a large geographical area in Russia during a year has been analyzed by optical spectroscopy in the range 400-1100 nm in accordance with previously developed scatter-based technique. The global (i.e. resistant to seasonal, genetic, regional and other variations of the milk composition) models for fat and total protein content, which were built using partial least-squares (PLS) regression, exhibit satisfactory prediction performances enabling their practical application in the dairy. The root mean-square errors of prediction (RMSEP) were 0.09 and 0.10 for fat and total protein content, respectively. The issues of raw milk analysis and multivariate modelling based on the historical spectroscopic data have been considered and approaches to the creation of global models and their transfer between the instruments have been proposed. Availability of global models should significantly facilitate the dissemination of optical spectroscopic methods for the laboratory and in-line quantitative milk analysis.
PubMed ID
26948605 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cardiovascular risk in young Finns. Experiences from the Finnish Multicentre Study regarding the prevention of coronary heart disease.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature103608
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand Suppl. 1990;365:13-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
J. Viikari
H K Akerblom
L. Räsänen
M. Kalavainen
O. Pietarinen
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand Suppl. 1990;365:13-9
Date
1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Breast Feeding
Child
Child, Preschool
Coronary Disease - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fats - analysis
Educational Status
Female
Fetal Blood - analysis
Finland
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Lipids - blood
Male
Multicenter Studies as Topic
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
A large multicentre study of coronary heart disease risk factors and their determinants in children and adolescents was planned in the late 1970s. The main cross-sectional study with 3,596 subjects was made in 1980, and two follow-up studies have been carried out, in 1983 and 1986, respectively. In addition, a study with 630 newborns was carried out in 1981, and a series of children aged 1 to 36 months was collected in 1981-1982. Cord blood, serum cholesterol was about 1.5 mmol/l, which is no different from the level found in other studies. The diet of mothers had no effect on the cholesterol values of the newborns. The cholesterol level of infants and small children was correlated with the amount and quality of fat eaten. The dietary habits of the family were correlated with the family's standard of education, which calls for intervention measures already in early childhood. Serum cholesterol levels have decreased in Finnish children during the 1980s by about 1% per year, which should be reflected in coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality in the future.
PubMed ID
2205999 View in PubMed
Less detail

The characterization of the most-liked reduced-fat Havarti-type cheeses.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139913
Source
J Dairy Sci. 2010 Nov;93(11):5039-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2010
Author
T. Ritvanen
L. Lilleberg
T. Tupasela
U. Suhonen
S. Eerola
T. Putkonen
K. Peltonen
Author Affiliation
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Department of Chemistry and Toxicology, Helsinki, Finland. tiina.ritvanen@evira.fi
Source
J Dairy Sci. 2010 Nov;93(11):5039-47
Date
Nov-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Amino Acids - analysis
Animals
Cheese - analysis
Consumer Satisfaction
Dietary Fats - analysis
Finland
Food Preferences
Humans
Middle Aged
Sodium, Dietary - analysis
Taste
Young Adult
Abstract
In Finland, official recommendations state that reduced-fat cheese should be used in the everyday diet. Finnish consumers are increasingly willing to consume food with a reduced fat content, and sales of reduced-fat cheeses have been increasing. The consumers who participated in this study (n=153; 17 to 78 yr old) ate reduced-fat cheeses on a weekly basis. They were recruited from supermarket customers living in a metropolitan area in Finland. The object of this study was to determine which kind of reduced-fat Havarti-type cheeses were most liked. The study consisted of a consumer test, sensory descriptive analysis, and chemical analysis of commercial reduced-fat Havarti-type cheeses (n=10). The results of the sensory quantitative descriptive analysis were compared with consumer hedonic ratings by external preference mapping. In addition, information on composition (fat, salt, and free amino acids) was gathered and compared with the hedonic ratings. The preferred sensory properties were a pale appearance, sticky texture, and rich flavor. However, the consumers could be grouped according to their preferences on appearance and consistency. The main attributes contributing to the grouping of consumers were stickiness, hardness, and yellow color. The least preferred cheeses among all Finnish consumers were those with the lowest flavor intensities. The consumers preferred the cheeses with the highest salt content.
PubMed ID
20965318 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Chemical composition of breast milk in females with preterm deliveries in the Primorsky Krai].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature105659
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 May-Jun;(3):71-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
S N Beniova
N V Rudenko
D V Maslov
V Iu Anan'ev
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 May-Jun;(3):71-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Feeding
Case-Control Studies
Dietary Fats - analysis
Dietary Proteins - analysis
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Metals, Heavy - analysis
Milk Proteins - analysis
Milk, human - chemistry
Nutrition Assessment
Nutritional Requirements
Pregnancy
Premature Birth
Russia
Trace Elements - analysis
Abstract
In the article there are presented data on the chemical composition of breast milk in females with preterm labor in the Primorye Territory, who were in the Department of newborns for premature babies of the Municipal Institution of Health "Children's city clinical hospital" in Vladivostok during 2010-2011 to care for their newborn infants. Laboratory studies were performed in the Federal State Institution of Health "Center of Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Primorye Territory."
PubMed ID
24340586 View in PubMed
Less detail

43 records – page 1 of 5.