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Food, beverage, and macronutrient intakes in postmenopausal Caucasian and Chinese-Canadian women.
Nutr Cancer. 2011;63(5):687-98
Publication Type
Carolyn Y Tam
Gregory Hislop
Anthony J Hanley
Salomon Minkin
Norman F Boyd
Lisa J Martin
Author Affiliation
Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research, Ontario Cancer Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Nutr Cancer. 2011;63(5):687-98
Publication Type
Aged, 80 and over
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Beverages - adverse effects
Breast Neoplasms - epidemiology - ethnology - prevention & control
British Columbia - epidemiology
China - ethnology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet - adverse effects - ethnology
Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Dietary Proteins - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Emigrants and Immigrants
European Continental Ancestry Group
Middle Aged
Ontario - epidemiology
Risk factors
Urban health
International differences in breast cancer rates and diet, and studies in migrants, suggest that diet may be a modifiable risk factor for breast cancer. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to examine the dietary intakes of women from populations considered to be at different risks for breast cancer. We collected four 24-h food recalls in 3 groups of postmenopausal Canadian women: Caucasians (n = 392), Chinese women born in the West or who migrated to the West before age 21 (n = 156), and recent Chinese migrants (n = 383). Compared to Caucasians, recent Chinese migrants had lower energy and fat intakes and higher protein and carbohydrate intakes. Recent Chinese migrants consumed higher amounts of grains, vegetables, fish, and soy and lower amounts of alcohol, meat, dairy products, and sweets than Caucasians. Western-born Chinese and early Chinese migrants had intakes intermediate between the other 2 groups. The differences in intake between the ethnic groups suggest foods and nutrients that may contribute to the differences in risk of breast cancer between women in Canada and China. Future work will examine whether these dietary differences are associated with biological markers of breast cancer risk.
PubMed ID
21660858 View in PubMed
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