Alaska Medical Library - From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1174.
Miss Heller, who is nutrition consultant for the Alaska Department of Health, was one of the nutrition team whose survey she describes in this article. The study was made under a grant from the United States Public Health Service and funds from the Alaska Department of Health.
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1141.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 232.
To assess whether quality of maternal diet affects birth weight and the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) and/or large for gestational age (LGA) babies.
This study is based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) and includes 65,904 pregnant women who answered a validated food frequency questionnaire at mid-pregnancy. Three maternal dietary patterns were extracted based on characteristics of food items in each pattern. From these we created four non-overlapping groups: "high prudent," "high Western," "high traditional," and "mixed". We obtained information about birth weight from the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry and calculated birth weight z-scores, SGA, and LGA according to an ultrasound-based, population-based, and a customized growth standards. Associations were studied by linear and multiple logistic regression.
Compared to the high Western group, the high prudent group was associated with lower birth weight (ßultrasound z-scores -0.041 (95% confidence interval (CI): -0.068, -0.013)) and the high traditional group with higher birth weight (ßultrasound 0.067 (95% CI: 0.040, 0.094)) for all three growth standards. The high prudent pattern was associated with increased SGA risk (SGAultrasound odds ratio (OR) 1.25 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.54)) and decreased LGA risk (LGApopulation OR 0.84 (95% CI: 0.75, 0.94)), while the high traditional group on the contrary was associated with decreased SGA (SGAcustomized OR 0.92 (95% CI: 0.84, 0.99)) and increased LGA risk (LGApopulation OR 1.12 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.24)).
Food quality was associated with birth weight in this well-nourished Norwegian population. Food quality may affect a woman's risk of giving birth to a SGA or LGA baby.