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Applying an ESSENCE framework to understanding adult autism spectrum disorder and ADHD: retrospective parent reports of childhood problems.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114259
Source
ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:469594
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Stephanie Plenty
Dag Heurlin
Christina Arlinde
Susanne Bejerot
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 17177, Sweden.
Source
ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:469594
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Child
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Child, Preschool
Comorbidity
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
Female
Humans
Male
Parents
Prevalence
Reproducibility of Results
Risk assessment
Sensitivity and specificity
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are increasingly being made in adulthood. However, assessments can fail to address the diverse range of problems that patients have experienced. The current study applied an early symptomatic syndromes eliciting neurodevelopmental clinical examinations (ESSENCE) framework to explore retrospectively reported childhood developmental and behavioral problems. It examined if adult ASD and ADHD patients would show problems outside those reflected in the respective diagnostic criteria, and also if these patient groups would show more extensive childhood problems than other psychiatric patients. Parents of adults with ADHD (n = 130), ASD (n = 57), coexisting ADHD and ASD (n = 38), and other psychiatric disorders (n = 56) reported on a range of childhood problems. Descriptions of the ADHD, ASD, and ADHD+ASD groups reflected greater impairment than descriptions for patients with other psychiatric disorders in most problem areas. Although differences were observed between ADHD and ASD patients in the core diagnostic areas, these syndromes also shared a number of childhood difficulties. The ESSENCE approach can assist in understanding the symptom history of adult ADHD and ASD patients and can be helpful to distinguish their childhood experiences from other psychiatric patients' experiences.
Notes
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PubMed ID
23633937 View in PubMed
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Comparison of conventional and non-invasive techniques for the early identification of diabetic neuropathy in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165740
Source
Pediatr Diabetes. 2006 Dec;7(6):305-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Danielle Nelson
Jean K Mah
Coleen Adams
Stephanie Hui
Susan Crawford
Husam Darwish
David Stephure
Danièle Pacaud
Author Affiliation
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Source
Pediatr Diabetes. 2006 Dec;7(6):305-10
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Alberta
Child
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 - complications
Diabetic Neuropathies - diagnosis - epidemiology
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
Humans
Mass Screening
Median Nerve - physiopathology
Motor Neurons - physiology
Neural Conduction - physiology
Peroneal Nerve - physiopathology
Sural Nerve - physiopathology
Abstract
Neuropathy is an important complication and contributes to the morbidity of diabetes mellitus. The availability of simple and non-invasive tests for screening of early diabetic neuropathy (DN) in children with diabetes may prevent further progression of this complication. The purpose of this study was to compare conventional nerve conduction studies (NCS) with non-invasive techniques, including vibration perception thresholds (VPT) and tactile perception thresholds (TPT) for the detection of DN in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
Children from the Alberta Children's Hospital Diabetes Clinic with at least 5 yr duration of type 1 diabetes underwent detailed evaluations, including neurologic exam, NCS, VPT, and TPT testing. Information on duration of diabetes, height, and mean glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) were also collected. Descriptive statistics, including Student's t-test and chi-squared test, were used for analysis.
Seventy-three children (mean age of 13.7+/-2.6 yr) completed the study. The mean duration of diabetes was 8.1+/-2.6 yr, and the mean A1C was 9.0+/-1.0%. Forty-two (57%) children had DN based on NCS. Using NCS as a gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of VPT were 62 and 65%, while the sensitivity and specificity of TPT were 19 and 64%, respectively.
Subclinical DN is common among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, and there is a need for better metabolic control in this population. VPT and TPT may not be adequate screening tools for the detection of DN in children.
PubMed ID
17212597 View in PubMed
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[Differential diagnostic method of initial implications and degree I of the chronic mercury intoxication].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290148
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):769-73
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
I V Kudaeva
E V Katamanova
O V Popkova
L B Masnavieva
O A Dyakovich
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016; 95(8):769-73
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adult
Asymptomatic Diseases
Cohort Studies
Diagnosis, Differential
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
Humans
Male
Mercury Poisoning - blood - diagnosis - prevention & control
Middle Aged
Norepinephrine - blood
Occupational Diseases - blood - diagnosis - prevention & control
Reproducibility of Results
Severity of Illness Index
Siberia
Time
Abstract
Currently available methods for diagnosis of chronic mercury intoxication (CMI) are applied at the any stage of the disease. Changes in these indices sometimes have no the specificity for any CMI stage, and a conclusion on them has the descriptive character. In addition, the above mentioned methods possess not sufficiently high accuracy in the diagnosis of intoxication at early stages of the development of the disease. The purpose of the research is the development of the method permitting to make the differential diagnosis between the initial symptoms of mercury poisoning and its first degree. 118 men who work/worked in the contact with mercury vapor were examined. There were evaluated electroencephalogram, long-latency auditory and cognitive evoked potentials, cerebral hemodynamics, noradrenaline (NA)content in the blood plasma. Statistical processing was performed with the use of «Statistica 6.0» software. The levels of NA in the development of CMI were shown to increase, by the time of the shaping of this disease the noted change was decompensated in the nature. The study of reactivity of cerebral vessels revealed the presence of abnormal responses during hypercapnic load in 14 - 24% of examined cases. In the analysis of auditory evoked potentials there was established the change in indices of latency and amplitude of the V- wave, which pronounced in the prolong response time, significant elongation in the P1 peak latency and the gain in the latency of N1 peak. There was established the presence of the wave-like change in the index of the latency of P300. In workers without an occupational disease, there was noted the marked elongation of the latent period of cognitive potential, while in patients with the newly made diagnosis the latency of P300 corresponded to standard values, and in the long term there was observed a sharp deterioration in this index. With the aid of the discriminant analysis with the calculation of canonical value there were revealed the most informative neurobiochemical indices, reoencephalogric ones and evoked potentials. The developed method of diagnosis allows to distinguish between the initial symptoms of mercury intoxication and the first stage of the disease.
PubMed ID
29430904 View in PubMed
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Effect of age on MSLT results in patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature182033
Source
Neurology. 2004 Jan 13;62(1):46-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-13-2004
Author
Y. Dauvilliers
A. Gosselin
J. Paquet
J. Touchon
M. Billiard
J. Montplaisir
Author Affiliation
Centre d'étude du sommeil, Hôpital Gui de Chauliac, and INSERM E 0361, Hôpital La Colombière, Montpellier, France. ydauvilliers@yahoo.fr
Source
Neurology. 2004 Jan 13;62(1):46-50
Date
Jan-13-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Age Factors
Age of Onset
Aged
Canada - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Comorbidity
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological - statistics & numerical data
Female
France - epidemiology
HLA-DR2 Antigen - blood
Hallucinations - diagnosis - epidemiology - physiopathology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Narcolepsy - diagnosis - epidemiology - physiopathology
Polysomnography
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Distribution
Sex Factors
Sleep Paralysis - diagnosis - epidemiology - physiopathology
Time Factors
Abstract
To measure the effect of age on Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)characteristics, sleep latency, and number of sleep-onset REM periods (SOREMP) in two large populations of narcoleptic patients with similar genetic backgrounds.
Clinical and polygraphic information on the severity of the condition was obtained on 236 well-defined narcolepsy-cataplexy-human leukocyte antigen DR2-positive patients from Montpellier (France) and on 147 similar patients from Montreal (Canada).
The results show a progressive decrease in the number of SOREMP with age and a progressive increase in the mean sleep latency on the MSLT as a function of age. This finding is also related to the severity of cataplexy as assessed from the clinical history with a progressive decrease in the frequency of cataplexy attacks with age. These results may reflect the progressive increase in sleep latency seen in normal aging and suggest that clinical improvement might be due to changes in the neural mechanisms responsible for SOREMP, which may weaken with age.
The progressive decrease in the number of SOREMP and increase in the mean sleep latency on the MSLT as a function of age suggest that the current criteria used for diagnosis may be too stringent in older patients. The major influence of age on MSLT results should therefore be taken into account when diagnosing a narcoleptic patient.
PubMed ID
14718696 View in PubMed
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A leg to stand on: Sir William Osler and Wilder Penfield's "neuroethics".

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159068
Source
Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):37-46
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2008
Author
Joseph J Fins
Author Affiliation
Division of Medical Ethics, Weill Medical College, Cornell University.
Source
Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):37-46
Date
Jan-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anecdotes as Topic
Canada
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological - ethics
Ethics, Clinical
Ethics, Medical
Europe
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical
Narration
Neurology - ethics - history
Neurosciences - ethics - history
Neurosurgery - ethics - history
Neurosurgical Procedures - ethics - history
Psychophysiology - history
United States
Notes
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):56-718236342
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):57-918236343
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):59-6118236344
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):54-518236341
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):49-5018236338
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):50-118236339
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):52-318236340
Comment In: Am J Bioeth. 2008 Jan;8(1):47-818236337
PubMed ID
18236336 View in PubMed
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[Neurosurgery: achievements and challenges].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135010
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(2):19-24
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
A N Konovalov
A A Potapov
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(2):19-24
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Academies and Institutes - trends - utilization
Adult
Central Nervous System - pathology - surgery
Central Nervous System Diseases - diagnosis - pathology - surgery
Child
Computer-Aided Design - trends
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological - standards - utilization
Forecasting
Humans
Moscow
Neurosurgery - methods - standards
Neurosurgical Procedures - methods - standards - utilization
Quality Improvement - organization & administration
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures - methods - trends
Stereotaxic Techniques - trends
Abstract
Neurosurgery is one of the most dynamic and fast-developing medical sciences aimed at studying a wide range of diseases and lesions of the nervous system with constant improvement of methods of their diagnosis and surgical treatment. With the routine clinical use of computed tomography, positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging the possibilities of revealing structural, metabolic and functional changes in the brain in different types of pathology have significantly enlarged. Today, methods of neurovisualization are widely used for preoperative modeling and intraoperative navigation. Also, these methods permit to study the fundamental aspects of brain functioning in health and pathology at the organ, tissue, cellular and molecular levels. In the last decades, the spectrum of neurosurgical methods including microsurgical, endoscopic, stereotactic, radiosurgical, reconstructive and other technologies was extended and diver-
PubMed ID
21516728 View in PubMed
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[New lines of activity of health centres in the Russian Federation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146426
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2010;88(6):73-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
K V Liadov
V N Preobrazhenskii
T V Beganova
V D Ostapishin
G E Filippova
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 2010;88(6):73-4
Date
2010
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Health Services - trends
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Delivery of Health Care - trends
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological - trends
Humans
Incidence
Reproducibility of Results
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The first data illustrating work efficiency of health centres in this country are presented. They suggest the necessity to change both the strategy of activities and the patient population. Studies on variability of cardiac rhythms and characteristics of vegetative status in adolescents showed that the equipment used is poorly adapted to the purpose.
PubMed ID
21395037 View in PubMed
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A population based study of intracranial arachnoid cysts: clinical and neuroimaging outcomes following surgical cyst decompression in adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165174
Source
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007 Oct;78(10):1129-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2007
Author
Christian A Helland
Knut Wester
Author Affiliation
Section for Neurosurgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Bergen, and Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. chhe@helse-bergen.no
Source
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007 Oct;78(10):1129-35
Date
Oct-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Arachnoid Cysts - diagnosis - epidemiology - surgery
Cranial Fossa, Posterior
Decompression, Surgical - adverse effects
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Frontal Lobe
Headache - etiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Patient satisfaction
Questionnaires
Reoperation
Retrospective Studies
Temporal Lobe
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
We have gradually adopted a liberal attitude towards surgical decompression of arachnoid cysts. This study describes the results from our institution.
Long term clinical and neuroimaging results of 156 adult patients (aged > or = 16 years) operated on for arachnoid cysts in our department during the period January 1987 to September 2004 were assessed based on their medical and neuroimaging records, and on a questionnaire.
The clinical and/or neuroimaging results indicated that the cyst was successfully decompressed in all patients. 82% of patients were asymptomatic or had insignificant complaints at follow-up. 12% reported no symptom relief whereas 6% experienced worsening of symptoms. The cyst disappeared after surgery, or was reduced to
Notes
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PubMed ID
17299015 View in PubMed
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Reliability and validity of the Canadian Neurological Scale in retrospective assessment of initial stroke severity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184459
Source
Cerebrovasc Dis. 2003;16(3):286-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Knut Stavem
Morten Lossius
Ole Morten Rønning
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Nordbyhagen, Norway. knut.stavem@klinmed.uio.no
Source
Cerebrovasc Dis. 2003;16(3):286-91
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Canada
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
Female
Hospital Departments
Humans
Internal Medicine
Male
Middle Aged
Neurology
Observer Variation
Patient Admission
Predictive value of tests
Reproducibility of Results
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Stroke - diagnosis - therapy
Abstract
Stroke severity is an important determinant of outcome, however, quantitative data on the initial neurological status might be lacking in retrospective studies. We wanted to assess the reliability and validity of the retrospective use of the Canadian Neurological Scale (CNS).
In 181 patients with validated stroke, two raters scored the CNS based on medical record review. We assessed interrater reliability and construct validity of the CNS. Predictive validity was assessed by the ability of the CNS to predict 30-day and 1-year mortality.
Interrater reliability was high (kappa or weighted kappa 0.76-0.96). Correlations between similar items of prospective Scandinavian Stroke Scale scores and retrospective CNS scores ranged from 0.54 to 0.85. CNS total score was a strong predictor of death within 30 days and 1 year in multivariate models.
The retrospective algorithm for the CNS had a high to substantial interrater reliability and predictive validity. Accordingly, in retrospective stroke studies using medical record information, the CNS can be a feasible instrument to adjust for differences in stroke severity.
PubMed ID
12865618 View in PubMed
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14 records – page 1 of 2.