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An obesity provoking behaviour negatively influences young normal weight subjects' health related quality of life and causes depressive symptoms.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100397
Source
Eat Behav. 2010 Dec;11(4):247-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2010
Author
Asa Ernersson
Gunilla Hollman Frisman
Anneli Sepa Frostell
Fredrik H Nyström
Torbjörn Lindström
Author Affiliation
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, SE 581 85 Linköping, Sweden. asa.ernersson@liu.se
Source
Eat Behav. 2010 Dec;11(4):247-52
Date
Dec-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Depression - etiology - psychology
Eating - psychology
Energy intake
Feeding Behavior - psychology
Health status
Humans
Prospective Studies
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Quality of Life - psychology
Questionnaires
Sedentary lifestyle
Statistics, nonparametric
Sweden
Abstract
In many parts of the world the prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle in combination with high consumption of food has increased, which contributes to increased risk for becoming overweight. Our primary aim was, in an intervention, to examine the influence on health related quality of life (HRQoL) and mood in young normal weight subjects of both sexes, when adopting an obesity provoking behaviour by increasing the energy intake via fast food and simultaneously adopting a sedentary lifestyle. A secondary aim was to follow-up possible long-term effects on HRQoL and mood 6 and 12 months after this short-term intervention. In this prospective study, 18 healthy normal weight subjects (mean age 26±6.6 years), mainly university students were prescribed doubled energy intake, and maximum 5000 steps/day, during 4 weeks. An age and sex matched control group (n=18), who were asked to have unchanged eating habits and physical activity, was recruited. Before and after the intervention questionnaires including Short Form-36, Hospital Anxiety Depression scale, Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression scale, Sense of Coherence and Mastery scale were completed by the subjects in the intervention group and by the controls with 4 weeks interval. Six and 12 months after the intervention the subjects underwent the same procedure as at baseline and the controls completed the same questionnaires. During the intervention, subjects in the intervention group increased their bodyweight and developed markedly lower physical and mental health scores on Short Form-36 as well as depressive symptoms while no changes appeared in the controls. The increase of depressive symptoms was associated with increases of energy intake, body weight and body fat. When followed up, 6 and 12 months after the intervention, physical and mental health had returned completely to baseline values, despite somewhat increased body weight. In conclusion, adopting obesity provoking behaviour for 4 weeks decreases HRQoL and mood in young normal weight subjects. The effect is temporary and when followed up 6 and 12 months after the short-term intervention no remaining influence is found.
PubMed ID
20850059 View in PubMed
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Associations between sexual abuse and family conflict/violence, self-injurious behavior, and substance use: the mediating role of depressed mood and anger.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135401
Source
Child Abuse Negl. 2011 Mar;35(3):210-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2011
Author
Bryndis Bjork Asgeirsdottir
Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Gisli H Gudjonsson
Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK.
Source
Child Abuse Negl. 2011 Mar;35(3):210-9
Date
Mar-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Anger
Child Abuse, Sexual - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression - etiology - psychology
Family Conflict - psychology
Female
Humans
Iceland
Linear Models
Male
Questionnaires
Schools
Self-Assessment
Self-Injurious Behavior - etiology - psychology
Stress, Psychological - etiology
Students
Substance-Related Disorders - etiology - psychology
Young Adult
Abstract
To examine whether depressed mood and anger mediate the effects of sexual abuse and family conflict/violence on self-injurious behavior and substance use.
A cross-sectional national survey was conducted including 9,085 16-19 year old students attending all high schools in Iceland in 2004. Participants reported frequency of sexual abuse, family conflict/violence, self-injurious behavior, substance use, depressed mood, and anger.
Sexual abuse and family conflict/violence had direct effects on self-injurious behavior and substance use among both genders, when controlling for age, family structure, parental education, anger, and depressed mood. More importantly, the indirect effects of sexual abuse and family conflict/violence on self-injurious behavior among both males and females were twice as strong through depressed mood as through anger, while the indirect effects of sexual abuse and family conflict/violence on substance use were only significant through anger.
These results indicate that in cases of sexual abuse and family conflict/violence, substance use is similar to externalizing behavior, where anger seems to be a key mediating variable, opposed to internalizing behavior such as self-injurious behavior, where depressed mood is a more critical mediator.
Practical implications highlight the importance of focusing on a range of emotions, including depressed mood and anger, when working with stressed adolescents in prevention and treatment programs for self-injurious behavior and substance use.
PubMed ID
21481460 View in PubMed
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Cancer and suicide: less common and more predictable than we thought.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227130
Source
Ann Oncol. 1991 Jan;2(1):8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1991
Author
J. Holland
Source
Ann Oncol. 1991 Jan;2(1):8
Date
Jan-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Depression - etiology - psychology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - psychology
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Notes
Comment In: Ann Oncol. 1991 Sep;2(8):6101793730
Comment On: Ann Oncol. 1991 Jan;2(1):19-232009232
PubMed ID
2009240 View in PubMed
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Depression and suicide ideation in late adolescence and early adulthood are an outcome of child hunger.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117653
Source
J Affect Disord. 2013 Aug 15;150(1):123-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-15-2013
Author
Lynn McIntyre
Jeanne V A Williams
Dina H Lavorato
Scott Patten
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 4Z6. lmcintyr@ucalgary.ca
Source
J Affect Disord. 2013 Aug 15;150(1):123-9
Date
Aug-15-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada
Depression - etiology - psychology
Female
Food - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Hunger
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Risk factors
Suicidal ideation
Young Adult
Abstract
Child hunger represents an adverse experience that could contribute to mental health problems in later life. The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine the long-term effects of the reported experience of child hunger on late adolescence and young adult mental health outcomes; and (2) model the independent contribution of the child hunger experience to these long-term mental health outcomes in consideration of other experiences of child disadvantage.
Using logistic regression, we analyzed data from the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth covering 1994 through 2008/2009, with data on hunger and other exposures drawn from NLSCY Cycle 1 (1994) through Cycle 7 (2006/2007) and mental health data drawn from Cycle 8 (2008/2009). Our main mental health outcome was a composite measure of depression and suicidal ideation.
The prevalence of child hunger was 5.7% (95% CI 5.0-6.4). Child hunger was a robust predictor of depression and suicidal ideation [crude OR=2.9 (95% CI 1.4-5.8)] even after adjustment for potential confounding variables, OR=2.3 (95% CI 1.2-4.3).
A single question was used to assess child hunger, which itself is a rare extreme manifestation of food insecurity; thus, the spectrum of child food insecurity was not examined, and the rarity of hunger constrained statistical power.
Child hunger appears to be a modifiable risk factor for depression and related suicide ideation in late adolescence and early adulthood, therefore prevention through the detection of such children and remedy of their circumstances may be an avenue to improve adult mental health.
Notes
Comment In: Evid Based Med. 2014 Jun;19(3):11324361751
PubMed ID
23276702 View in PubMed
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Depressive and distress symptoms as predictors of low back pain, neck-shoulder pain, and other musculoskeletal morbidity: a 10-year follow-up of metal industry employees.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221394
Source
Pain. 1993 Apr;53(1):89-94
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1993
Author
P. Leino
G. Magni
Author Affiliation
Health Research Department, LEL Employment Pension Fund, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Pain. 1993 Apr;53(1):89-94
Date
Apr-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Depression - etiology - psychology
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Low Back Pain - complications - psychology
Male
Metallurgy
Middle Aged
Musculoskeletal Diseases - psychology
Neck
Occupational Diseases - psychology
Pain - psychology
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Regression Analysis
Shoulder
Stress, Psychological - etiology - psychology
Abstract
Six-hundred-seven employees in 3 metal industry plants were studied for depressive and distress symptoms, musculoskeletal symptoms, and findings in the musculo-skeletal system made by a physiotherapist. Measurements were made 3 times at 5-year intervals. The mean distress and depressive symptom scores of the first 2 examinations predicted the change in several musculo-skeletal symptom measures during the second 5-year period, when the effects of age and occupational class were accounted for in multiple regression analysis. They also predicted the development in clinical musculoskeletal findings in men. The proportions of variance explained by the depressive and distress symptoms were modest in magnitude. Analogous analyses were made with reference to the reverse temporal sequence: musculoskeletal disorders were considered as predating the development in depressive and distress symptoms. The musculoskeletal symptom scores were associated with the change in the stress symptoms in men, as did the clinical findings in the neck-shoulder and low back regions. None of the musculoskeletal morbidity scores predicted the change in the depressive symptoms in either sex. We conclude that depressive symptoms predict future musculoskeletal disorders, but not vice versa, whereas the association of stress symptoms and musculoskeletal disorders is reciprocal.
PubMed ID
8316395 View in PubMed
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Dominance and submissiveness between twins. II. Consequences for mental health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature39048
Source
Acta Genet Med Gemellol (Roma). 1987;36(2):257-65
Publication Type
Article
Date
1987
Author
I. Moilanen
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland.
Source
Acta Genet Med Gemellol (Roma). 1987;36(2):257-65
Date
1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Comparative Study
Depression - etiology - psychology
Diseases in Twins
Dominance-Subordination
Educational Measurement
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Mental Disorders - etiology - psychology
Parents - psychology
Psychophysiologic Disorders - etiology - psychology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Social Dominance
Twins - psychology
Abstract
In a follow-up study of 234 twin pairs, now aged 12-20 yrs, the intertwin relationships were evaluated by the parents and the twins themselves. The dominance-submissiveness aspect was inquired from three separate points of view, physical dominance, psychic dominance, and role of the spokesman. These three different aspects of dominance reflected on the twins' well being and mental health in somewhat different ways. The submissiveness in one area was often compensated by equality or dominance in another area, with only about 10% of adolescents being submissive or dominant in all three areas. According to the parents' reports, the most submissive twins suffered most often from psychosomatic symptoms, and the most dominant ones from nervous symptoms. The twins who themselves reported to be most submissive had most often somatic complaints and scored highest in the Kovacs' Depression Inventory.
PubMed ID
3434137 View in PubMed
Less detail

Early and presenting symptoms of dementia with lewy bodies.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature129543
Source
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2011;32(3):202-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
Eirik Auning
Arvid Rongve
Tormod Fladby
Jan Booij
Tibor Hortobágyi
Françoise J Siepel
Clive Ballard
Dag Aarsland
Author Affiliation
Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Akershus University Hospital, Lorenskog, Norway.
Source
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2011;32(3):202-8
Date
2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alzheimer Disease - diagnosis - psychology - radionuclide imaging
Caregivers
Cognition - physiology
Delirium - etiology
Depression - etiology - psychology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins - metabolism
Educational Status
Female
Gait Disorders, Neurologic - etiology
Hallucinations - etiology
Humans
Lewy Body Disease - diagnosis - psychology - radionuclide imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Norway
Questionnaires
Radiopharmaceuticals - diagnostic use
Retrospective Studies
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
Tremor - etiology
Tropanes - diagnostic use
Abstract
To explore the presenting and early symptoms of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).
Patients with mild dementia fulfilling diagnostic criteria for DLB (n = 61) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 109) were recruited from outpatient dementia clinics in western Norway. At diagnosis, caregivers were asked which symptom had been the presenting symptom of dementia.
Caregivers reported that memory impairment was the most common presenting symptom in DLB (57%), followed by visual hallucinations (44%), depression (34%), problem solving difficulties (33%), gait problems (28%), and tremor/stiffness (25%). In contrast, 99% of AD carers reported impaired memory as a presenting symptom, whereas visual hallucinations were a presenting symptom in 3% of the AD cases.
DLB should be suspected in predementia cases with visual hallucinations.
PubMed ID
22095040 View in PubMed
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[Effect of the enteric sorbent noolit on the psychoemotional status in mice]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46080
Source
Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2001 Jan-Feb;64(1):26-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
Iu I Borodin
L N Rachkovskaia
M V Tenditnik
A V Shurlygina
N N Kudriavtseva
V A Trufakin
Author Affiliation
Institute of Clinical and Experimental Lymphology, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, ul. Timakova, 2, Novosibirsk, 630117 Russia.
Source
Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2001 Jan-Feb;64(1):26-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Behavior, Animal - drug effects
Depression - etiology - psychology - therapy
English Abstract
Enterosorption - methods
Lithium - therapeutic use
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Minerals
Silicon - therapeutic use
Stress, Psychological - complications
Abstract
The enterosorbent noolit (representing a mineral matrix base with immobilized lithium and silicon compounds) significantly affects the psychoemotional state of mice with depression model induced by prolonged social emotional stress. Noolit administration produces a pronounced anxiolytic and antidepressant effect and reduced the level of behavioral deficiency in the test animals.
PubMed ID
11544798 View in PubMed
Less detail

Evaluation of a proposed hamster separation model of depression.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46766
Source
Psychiatry Res. 1984 Jan;11(1):35-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1984
Author
J N Crawley
Source
Psychiatry Res. 1984 Jan;11(1):35-47
Date
Jan-1984
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Behavior, Animal - drug effects
Body Weight
Cricetinae
Depression - etiology - psychology
Disease Models, Animal
Exploratory Behavior
Female
Humans
Imipramine - pharmacology
Male
Pair Bond
Sex Behavior, Animal
Sex Factors
Abstract
Phodopus sungorus, the Siberian dwarf hamster, exhibits a number of reproducible and quantifiable behavioral changes when the members of a male-female pair bond are separated. Preliminary evaluation of the syndrome revealed a significant increase in body weight, decrease in social interaction, and decrease in exploratory behaviors, which occurred predominantly in separated males. Some, but not all, of the behavioral effects of separation are reversed by the tricyclic antidepressant, imipramine. Separation of pair-bonded Siberian dwarf hamsters may provide a new animal model for depression, incorporating the practical advantages of a rodent model with the conceptual advantages of a naturalistic life event precipitant.
PubMed ID
6584930 View in PubMed
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Examining clinically relevant levels of depressive symptoms in mothers following a diagnosis of epilepsy in their children: a prospective analysis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature129796
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012 Sep;47(9):1419-28
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2012
Author
Mark Anthony Ferro
Kathy Nixon Speechley
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Chedoke Site, Central Building, Room 310, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada. ferroma@mcmaster.ca
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012 Sep;47(9):1419-28
Date
Sep-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Canada
Caregivers - psychology
Child
Child, Preschool
Confidence Intervals
Depression - etiology - psychology
Epilepsy - diagnosis - psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Psychological
Mothers - psychology
Odds Ratio
Predictive value of tests
Prospective Studies
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological - psychology
Young Adult
Abstract
The objectives were to (1) document the risk of clinical depression in mothers in the 24 months after epilepsy diagnosis in their children, (2) determine whether the probability of risk of clinical depression changes over time, and (3) identify factors predictive of risk of clinical depression.
Data were obtained from the Health Related Quality of Life in Children with Epilepsy Study, a national prospective study of children 4-12 years old with new-onset epilepsy followed for 24 months. Risk-free survival was calculated using the life table approach. Binary sequence modeling for longitudinal data was implemented to identify risk factors.
A total of 210 mothers were included in the analysis. Twenty-eight percent of mothers without clinically relevant levels of depressive symptoms at baseline were at risk for clinical depression by 24 months. The probability for risk of clinical depression and associated 95% confidence intervals by 6, 12, and 24 months was 0.13 (0.08, 0.18), 0.12 (0.07, 0.17), and 0.19 (0.10, 0.27), respectively. Significant predictors (p
PubMed ID
22068210 View in PubMed
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49 records – page 1 of 5.