The aim of the present 5-year follow-up was to clarify the nature of occlusal support status and radiographic changes in condyles of the elderly, and the association between these two variables.
The present study is part of a comprehensive medical survey of a random sample born in 1904, 1909, and 1914. A total of 364 subjects living in Helsinki participated in the dental part of the examination during 1990 to 1991, and after 5 years a total of 103 were reexamined. Comprehensive data on occlusal support status were available for 94 subjects, and radiographic data were available for 88 subjects. Occlusal support status was assessed on the basis of the Eichner index, radiographic changes were assessed from panoramic radiographs, and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders were assessed using Helkimo's anamnestic index.
The most frequent radiographic finding in the mandibular joint was flattening of the articular surface of the condyle associated with osteoarthrosis, found at baseline in 17% and during follow-up in 13% of the subjects. During the 5-year follow-up, Eichner index for natural dentition remained unaltered in 94% of the subjects and in 85% of the subjects when removable dentures were included. There were no radiographic changes in 92% of the cases. No differences based on age or gender were found. A logistic regression model revealed associations between the selected baseline factors. The odds ratio for baseline Helkimo's anamnestic index was 4.1, 5.7 for Eichner index with the support of removable dentures, and 356 for radiographic findings.
Radiographic changes in condyles of elderly people were small during the 5-year follow-up, but baseline radiographic findings, Helkimo's anamnestic index, and Eichner index with removable dentures were risk factors for radiographic findings at the end of the follow-up.
In 1990, 364 elderly (76-86 years) inhabitants of Helsinki, Finland, attended a dental and oral examination study that was conducted as part of the Helsinki Aging Study. In spring 1996, these subjects were recalled for a 5-year follow-up. Between the baseline and follow-up examinations, 114 (31%) subjects had deceased (86 women and 28 men), whereas 134 had either moved, were too ill, or refused to participate in the follow-up. Follow-up examination was conducted for 113 subjects (79 women and 34 men), with the participating rate being 46%. Five subjects became edentulous during the follow-up. Of the subjects, 61% had 1-32 teeth at follow-up. In these subjects, the mean number of teeth decreased from 14.9 (+/-8.3) to 13.5 (+/-8.6) (P
The aim of this retrospective study was to record patients' satisfaction with fixed metal ceramic bridges and crowns made by dental students and to evaluate the functioning and condition of the bridges and crowns clinically and radiologically. Out of the 60 patients treated at the Institute of Dentistry during 1984-85, 30 patients attended the follow-up examination (16 women, mean age 39, range 23-62 years and 14 men, mean age 44, range 26-65 years). The anamnestic data and data regarding treatment procedures were collected from the patient files. The patients had been supplied with 41 crowns and 24 bridges (mean 3.9 units, range 3-6 units), which included 61 abutments and 33 pontics or cantilever extensions (abutment/pontic ratio 1.85: 1). Marginal fidelity was unsatisfactory in 13% of the crowns and bridges and gingival bleeding and pockets of 4-6 mm were noted in 27% and 12% of cases, respectively. None of the subjects had caries in the abutments.
The objective was to perform a long-term follow-up study of patients that had received high cost dental care within the Swedish National Dental Insurance System in 1977-1978 with special focus on remaining teeth, periodontal disease progression, change in the prevalence of root-filled teeth and teeth with apical periodontitis as well as the survival of fixed prosthetic reconstructions. All 262 patients who had had their treatment plans sent for approval for high-cost dental care in 4 local health insurance districts and who were sampled for base-line studies in 1977-1978, were offered a free clinical examination including radiographs in 1998. 177 patients (68 % of the original sample) could be reached for telephone interview and 104 of them (40 % of the original sample) were examined clinically and radiographically. Comparisons were made with records and radiographs from 1977-1978. The analyses were performed with the individual patient as the studied unit. The low progression of severe periodontal disease during the 20-23 year follow-up period and the decrease in number of teeth with apical periodontitis among a majority of the patients examined, indicated that the dental care received resulted in a limitation of dental disease on the individual level. Furthermore 63 % of the patients had the fixed prosthetic reconstructions, received after approval 1977-1978, in full extention after 20-23 years. However, more tooth losses were observed among the patients in this study than in similar studies in Swedish general populations over the same decades. Furthermore multiple tooth extractions were significantly more frequent in patients with severe periodontitis at baseline and in patients with less apical periodontitis at follow-up in this study. Thus it seems that tooth extraction not seldom was a treatment choice for teeth with severe periodontitis and apical periodontitis among the patients examined clinically in this study.
The success of oral implant treatment relies on the presence and maintenance of bone adjacent to implants. The monitoring of radiographic bone level changes provides valuable insight into the longevity of oral implants. The purpose of this study was to measure radiographic bone level changes proximal (mesial and distal) to Brånemark System) implants (Nobel Biocare AB, Göteborg, Sweden) supporting fixed partial prostheses. Measurements were used to determine mean bone loss for the first year of loading by the prosthesis and the mean annual bone loss for subsequent years. These results were then compared and contrasted with various characteristics of the individuals, treatment, and treatment outcomes. Fifty-five subjects with 69 fixed partial prostheses supported by 160 implants were followed over a 1 to 12-year period. A mean bone loss of 0.33 mm (SD 0.59) was measured for the first year of loading and a mean annual bone loss of 0.00 mm (SD 0.11) after the first year. The radiographic bone loss calculated for implants at the first year of loading was positively correlated with the mean annual bone loss thereafter. Males, younger individuals and those implants supporting distal extension prostheses lost significantly more bone in the first year of loading. Larger numbers of implants followed for longer periods of time are needed to further explore the effects of various aspects of treatment on bone loss.
The clientele and the production of single artificial crowns and fixed partial dentures in the Department of Prosthodontics were compared from 1964/68-1982/87. In the first period 65 per cent of the single crowns were made for women versus 55 per cent in the second. In the first period 69 per cent of the crowns were placed in the upper jaw as against 60 per cent in the second period. On average 1.6 crowns were made per female patient in the first period versus 1.4 per male patient. In the second period both sexes averaged 1.8 units. In both jaws the percentage of root-filled crowned teeth had increased in the second period to 60 per cent from 48 per cent in the upper jaw and 46 per cent in the lower jaw. In both sexes maxillary and mandibular teeth were crowned on average 13 years later in the second period than in the first. Sixty per cent of the fixed partial dentures were made for women in the first period versus 55 per cent in the second. In the first period 74 per cent of the bridges were made for the upper jaw as against 70 per cent in the second period. The mean pontic to abutment ratio was 0.7 in both periods. The maximum number of bridges in the first period were made for patients 40-59 years of age versus 50-69 years in the second period.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
The purpose of this study, comprising two parts, was to investigate the congruence between answers given by general dentists in questionnaires concerning prosthodontic services and the recorded information on the services actually performed by each dentist. In Part I it is investigated whether questionnaire reports of weekly working hours devoted to prosthodontics can be used as indicators of actual prosthodontic production. Part II deals with the dentists' self-reported numbers of single crowns, fixed partial dentures (FPDs), and removable dentures. These reported services are compared with the services actually provided. Part I: A regression analysis indicates a lacking precision for the individual dentist, indicated by a relatively low explained variance (R2 = 0.20). However, a highly significant association is seen between the two production measures (P = 0.000). Part II: The congruence between stated and actually provided services is higher for single crowns and removable dentures than for FPDs. Bivariate regression models are statistically significant for all three services. In Part II, the reported weekly working hours used for prosthodontics covaries significantly with prosthodontic production, but the association is not as strong as in Part I. Although the precision in both Part I and Part II is low for the individual dentist, the questionnaire measure is found to be useful as an indicator in a population of dentists. It is concluded that the questionnaire data can be used as reasonably valid expressions of prosthodontic activity in population-oriented analyses among general dentists.
The Swedish Patient Insurance Scheme covers treatment injuries and guarantees the replacement of failed removable prostheses for 1 year and fixed prostheses for 2 years after fitting. In this paper, 573 dental cases are analysed for a 3-month period in 1986, during which crowns and bridges formed the vast majority of failed treatments that were reported.
The objective was to compare two cohorts of elderly people, 70 and 80 years old, with respect to dental status and self-assessed chewing ability. The hypotheses were as follows: (i) dental status is associated with self-assessed chewing ability; (ii) chewing ability is poorer among the 80- than the 70-year-old subjects. Identical questionnaires were in 2012 sent to all subjects born in 1942 and 1932, living in two Swedish counties. The response rate was 70.1% resulting in samples of 5697 70- and 2922 80-year-old subjects. Answers to questions on self-assessed chewing ability, dental status and some other factors have been analysed. Dental status varied but was in general good; 72% of the 70- and 60% of the 80-year-old subjects reported that they had all or only few missing teeth. Rate of edentulism was 3% and 7%, respectively. Removable partial dentures were reported by 6% and 10%, respectively, implant treatment by 13% in both cohorts. Self-assessed chewing ability was mostly good and correlated with the number of teeth (Spearman rho = 0.46). A majority of the edentulous subjects assessed their chewing ability as very or fairly good. Logistic regression showed that self-assessed chewing ability was significantly associated with a number of dental variables but also with general health. In conclusion, dental status was relatively good at both ages but somewhat poorer in the older cohort. Dental status, some other dental variables and being healthy were in both age groups significantly associated with self-assessed chewing ability.
Of a random sample (177 persons) of 35-year-old Oslo citizens, 117 subjects (66.1%) attended a dental examination. Questionnaires were returned by mail from 28 of the non-respondents. The most common reason for not attending was "difficulty in finding time for an appointment." About 89% of the respondents had visited a dentist regularly. Regular dental care seemed to be more common among people with a high level of education than among those with a low level of education. The most common treatment performed at the last dental visit was filling of cavities. The mean number of remaining teeth was 25.7. Females in the lower educational group had significantly less teeth than those in the higher educational group. No subjects were totally edentulous, but five persons had one edentulous jaw. Nine full or partial dentures were found. Twelve percent of the subjects had one or more fixed bridges, and 29.9% of the persons had one or more crown restorations. There seemed to be no differences between the sexes or educational levels in this respect.