The adoption of the law "About foundations of population health care in the Russian Federation" in absence of concept of health care development determining the major targets and tasks of the sector gives rise in citizen incomprehension and rejection of innovations of health policy. To determine the vector of development of Russian health care as compared with Soviet system of health care the analysis of particular positions of the Federal law "On foundations of population health care" (2011) and the USSR law "On approval of foundations of legislation of USSR and Union republics on health care" (1969) is made.
The growing elderly population and the rising number of people with chronic diseases indicate an increasing need for rehabilitation. Norwegian municipalities are required by law to offer rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to investigate how rehabilitation work is perceived and carried out by first-line service providers compared with the guidelines issued by Norway's health authorities.
In this action research project, qualitative data were collected through 24 individual interviews and seven group interviews with employees--service providers and managers--in the home-based service of two boroughs in Oslo, Norway. The data were analysed using a systematic text-condensation method.
The results show that rehabilitation receives little attention in the boroughs and that patients are seldom rehabilitated at home. There is disagreement among professional staff as to what rehabilitation is and should be. The purchaser-provider organization, high speed of service delivery, and scarcity of resources are reported to hamper rehabilitation work.
A discrepancy exists between the high level of ambitious goals of Norwegian health authorities and the possibilities that practitioners have to achieve them. This situation results in healthcare staff being squeezed by the increasing expectations and demands of the population and the promises and statutory rights coming from politicians and administrators. For the employees in the municipalities to place rehabilitation on the agenda, it is a requirement that authorities understand the clinical aspect of rehabilitation and provide the municipalities with adequate framework conditions for successful rehabilitation work.
Home-based rehabilitation is documented to be effective, and access to rehabilitation has been established in Norwegian law. The purchaser-provider organization, high rate of speed, and a scarcity of resources in home-based services hamper rehabilitation work. Healthcare providers find themselves squeezed between the health authorities' overarching guidelines and requirements and the possibilities of achieving them. Rehabilitation must be placed on the agenda on the condition that authorities understand the clinical aspect of rehabilitation.
The paper presents data on planned measures to modernize our cancer service, one of the key areas of public health modernization, the main goal of which is to maximally ensure the citizens' right to have accessible and qualitative medical care. To adequately finance the field and to set up a current legislative base will give rise to the reorientation of the cancer service to priorities for primary prevention and active detection of malignancies, to an improvement of quality of life in cancer patients; to the formation of the populations' positive and integral awareness of health and healthy society, to the rational use of available manpower resources and inventory of all health facilities, which is extremely important under current conditions.