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Risk factors for croup in children with recurrent respiratory infections: a case-control study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature90339
Source
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2009 Mar;23(2):153-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2009
Author
Pruikkonen Hannele
Dunder Teija
Renko Marjo
Pokka Tytti
Uhari Matti
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
Source
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2009 Mar;23(2):153-9
Date
Mar-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Animals, Domestic
Cats
Child
Croup - etiology
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Humans
Male
Recurrence
Respiratory Tract Infections - complications
Socioeconomic Factors
Tobacco Smoke Pollution - adverse effects
Abstract
Croup accounts for approximately 15% of all lower respiratory disease in children, but little is known about risk factors or its recurrence rate. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for croup and recurrent croup and to find out whether it is possible to predict the course of the disease. We considered croup patients who visited the Paediatric Department of Oulu University Hospital as primary health care patients at night during 1996-2000. For most analyses we used sex- and age-matched control patients who had had other respiratory infection but for environmental factors we used population controls. We performed conditional logistic regression analysis on data applying to 182 pairs of patients and controls. The recurrence rate was high, as 61% of the croup patients had had at least three episodes. Family history of croup was the most significant risk factor for both croup itself and recurrent croup. In multivariable analysis the odds ratio (OR) for the parents having a history of croup was 3.2 (95% CI 1.5, 7.1, P
PubMed ID
19159401 View in PubMed
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