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Aboriginal users of Canadian quitlines: an exploratory analysis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160066
Source
Tob Control. 2007 Dec;16 Suppl 1:i60-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2007
Author
Lynda M Hayward
H Sharon Campbell
Carol Sutherland-Brown
Author Affiliation
Centre for Behavioural Research and Program Evaluation, Lyle S Hallman Institute, Room 1717A, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2L 3G1. lhayward@healthy.uwaterloo.ca
Source
Tob Control. 2007 Dec;16 Suppl 1:i60-4
Date
Dec-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada - epidemiology
Counseling - methods
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hotlines - utilization
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care - ethnology
Patient satisfaction
Smoking - ethnology - prevention & control
Smoking Cessation - ethnology - methods - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
To conduct an exploratory, comparative study of the utilisation and effectiveness of tobacco cessation quitlines among aboriginal and non-aboriginal Canadian smokers.
Population based quitlines that provide free cessation information, advice and counselling to Canadian smokers.
First time quitline callers, age 18 years of age and over, who called the quitline between August 2001 and December 2005 and who completed the evaluation and provided data on their ethnic status (n = 7082).
Demographic characteristics and tobacco behaviours of participants at intake and follow-up; reasons for calling; actions taken toward quitting, and 6-month follow-up quit rates.
7% of evaluation participants in the time period reported aboriginal origins. Aboriginal participants were younger than non-aboriginals but had similar smoking status and level of addiction at intake. Concern about future health and current health problems were the most common reasons aboriginal participants called. Six months after intake aboriginals and non-aboriginals had taken similar actions with 57% making a 24-hour quit attempt. Quit rates were higher for aboriginals than non-aboriginals, particularly for men. The 6-month prolonged abstinence rate for aboriginal men was 16.7% compared with 7.2% for aboriginal women and 9.4% and 8.3% for non-aboriginal men and women, respectively.
This exploratory analysis showed that even without targeted promotion, aboriginal smokers do call Canadian quitlines, primarily for health related reasons. We also showed that the quitlines are effective at helping them to quit. As a population focused intervention, quitlines can reach a large proportion of smokers in a cost efficient manner. In aboriginal communities where smoking rates exceed 50% and multiple health risks and chronic diseases already exist, eliminating non-ceremonial tobacco use must be a priority. Our results, although exploratory, suggest quitlines can be an effective addition to aboriginal tobacco cessation strategies.
Notes
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2002 Oct 3;347(14):1087-9312362011
Cites: Nicotine Tob Res. 2003 Feb;5(1):13-2512745503
Cites: Br J Addict. 1991 Sep;86(9):1119-271932883
Cites: Tob Control. 2007 Dec;16 Suppl 1:i3-818048627
Cites: Am J Public Health. 1999 Sep;89(9):1322-710474547
Cites: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2005 Nov 11;54(44):1121-416280969
Cites: Tob Control. 2007 Dec;16 Suppl 1:i16-2018048624
Cites: Health Rep. 1992;4(1):7-241391655
PubMed ID
18048634 View in PubMed
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Abortion counseling in a general hospital.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature247205
Source
Health Soc Work. 1979 May;4(2):92-103
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1979
Author
B A Kaminsky
L A Sheckter
Source
Health Soc Work. 1979 May;4(2):92-103
Date
May-1979
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Induced - psychology
British Columbia
Counseling - methods
Female
Hospitals, General
Humans
Politics
Pregnancy
Abstract
Given the increase in the number of abortions being performed in hospitals throughout the United States and Canada, there is an obvious need for counseling programs for these patients. The authors describe one such program, and emphasize the importance of close working relationships between the counselors and their supervising staff.
PubMed ID
488841 View in PubMed
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Acute poisonings in Iceland: a prospective nationwide study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature86765
Source
Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008 Feb;46(2):126-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2008
Author
Kristinsson Jakob
Palsson Runolfur
Gudjonsdottir Gudborg A
Blondal Margret
Gudmundsson Sigurdur
Snook Curtis P
Author Affiliation
Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
Source
Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008 Feb;46(2):126-32
Date
Feb-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Alcoholic Beverages - poisoning
Child
Child, Preschool
Circadian Rhythm
Counseling - methods
Data Collection - methods - statistics & numerical data
Emergency Service, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Female
Hazardous Substances - classification - poisoning
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Poison Control Centers - utilization
Poisoning - epidemiology - prevention & control
Prospective Studies
Rural Health Services - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Suicide, Attempted - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Poisoning is a common cause of emergency visits and hospital admission in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and type of toxic exposures presenting to emergency medical facilities in Iceland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was prospective and included all patients with confirmed or suspected poisoning presenting to hospitals and rural medical centers providing emergency services in Iceland during the twelve-month period from April 2001 until March 2002. RESULTS: A total of 1,121 toxic exposures were documented representing an incidence of 3.91 cases per 1,000 inhabitants per year. The female to male ratio was 1.23. The majority of exposures (56.7%) occurred in the patient's home, 60% were deliberate, 72% had drugs and/or alcohol as their main cause, and 11% involved illicit drugs. Exposures to chemicals other than drugs were usually unintentional. CONCLUSION: Toxic exposures requiring emergency medical care are common in Iceland. Self-poisonings by ingestion of prescription drugs and/or alcohol accounted for the majority of cases.
PubMed ID
18259960 View in PubMed
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Advice concerning breastfeeding from mothers of infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit: the Roy adaptation model as a conceptual structure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59542
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1993 Jan;18(1):54-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1993
Author
K H Nyqvist
P O Sjödén
Author Affiliation
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit 95F, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1993 Jan;18(1):54-63
Date
Jan-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adult
Breast Feeding
Counseling - methods - standards
Female
Health Facility Environment - standards
Hospitals, University
Humans
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Maternal-Child Nursing - standards
Models, Nursing
Mothers - education - psychology
Nursing Evaluation Research
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden
Abstract
Data were collected by telephone interviews with 178 mothers of full-term patients in a NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) concerning advice on facilitation of the initiation of breastfeeding. The main advice to the first author as a nurse in the NICU concerned the environment, advice on breastfeeding, distance between units, work organization and nurse behaviour. The advice to other mothers of patients centred on persistence, physical contact with the infant, and not to let nurses take over maternal role functions. The data were structured into themes and categories, classified by one author and two research assistants according to Roy's adaptation theory, and analysed for degree of interrater agreement. The overall agreement of classification was high, reaching 92.5%. It was easily applied by nurses after a brief introduction and proved useful for structuring interview data. It also contributed to clarification of nurse behaviour and division of roles between nurses and mothers. As the four adaptation modes showed considerable overlap, this kind of classification seems inadvisable for application to the assessment of patient/parent situations in the nursing process. For use in a clinical setting, the theory needs the addition of the interactive aspect of nurse and patient/family role functions, and may then be used as a framework for the development of assessment tools.
PubMed ID
8429168 View in PubMed
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An evaluation of intimate partner violence intervention with incarcerated offenders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature128466
Source
J Interpers Violence. 2012 Apr;27(6):1176-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2012
Author
Angela D Connors
Jeremy F Mills
Andrew L Gray
Author Affiliation
Correctional Service Canada, Bath, Canada. connorsand@csc-scc.gc.ca
Source
J Interpers Violence. 2012 Apr;27(6):1176-96
Date
Apr-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aggression - psychology
Canada
Counseling - methods
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Male
Mental health services
Middle Aged
Motivation
Prisoners - psychology
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Questionnaires
Self Report
Spouse Abuse - psychology - statistics & numerical data - therapy
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Abstract
The following study is an evaluation of the Moderate Intensity Family Violence Prevention Program (MIFVPP). The sample consisted of 298 male federal offenders who participated in the MIFVPP while incarcerated or on release within the community. Participants were assessed pre-, mid-, and postprogram using an assessment battery consisting of self-report questionnaires and facilitator-rated evaluation scales. Results of the study found uniform and significant (p
PubMed ID
22203614 View in PubMed
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An update to 21-hydroxylase deficient congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature150534
Source
Gynecol Endocrinol. 2010 Jan;26(1):63-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2010
Author
Eftihios Trakakis
George Basios
Pantelis Trompoukis
George Labos
Ioannis Grammatikakis
Demetrios Kassanos
Author Affiliation
Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Attikon University Hospital, Athens, Greece. trakakis@yahoo.gr
Source
Gynecol Endocrinol. 2010 Jan;26(1):63-71
Date
Jan-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology - genetics
Algorithms
Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine
Genetic Counseling - methods
Genetics, Population - trends
Genotype
Humans
Incidence
Prenatal Diagnosis - methods
Steroid 21-Hydroxylase - genetics
Abstract
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to deficiency of the enzyme 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) is distinguished in classical (C-CAH) and non-classical form (NC-CAH), and it is also one of the most common autosomal recessive inherited disorders in humans. The prevalence of C-CAH is between 1:10,000 and 1:15,000 among the live neonates of North America and Europe while the NC-CAH occurs in approximately 0.2% of the general white population. The highest incidence of CAH (1:282 and 1:2141, respectively) has been evaluated in Yupik Eskimos in Alaska and in the populations of the island La Reunion (France), while the lower was detected in New Zealand newborns (0.3%). Nowadays, it has been established that except for the adrenal cortex in CAH cases, the adrenal medulla was also affected. In human 21-OH deficient adrenal gland it has been discovered that not only the chromaffin cells formed extensive neurites, expanding between adrenocortical cells, but also that the adrenal androgens promote outgrowth, whereas glucocorticoids preserve neuroendocrine cells. It seems that normal cortisol secretion by the adrenal cortex is necessary for adrenomedullary organogenesis. The synthesis of 21-OH is controlled by the active CYP21A2 gene located at a distance of 30 kb from a highly homologous pseudogene designated CYP21A1P.
PubMed ID
19499408 View in PubMed
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[Are brief intervention recommendations feasible?].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature141766
Source
Duodecim. 2010;126(11):1322-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Martti Kuokkanen
Kaija Seppä
Source
Duodecim. 2010;126(11):1322-7
Date
2010
Language
Finnish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol-Related Disorders - diagnosis - therapy
Counseling - methods
Feasibility Studies
Finland
Guideline Adherence
Humans
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Primary Health Care - methods
Abstract
Primary health care contacts are a suitable arena to reduce patients' risky drinking. We studied whether the clinical guidelines are followed and thus considered feasible by nurses and physicians. A naturalistic material in Helsinki primary health care was collected in 2006-2008. Most professionals participated giving information on 18000 primary health care patients, of whom 56% had fulfilled the AUDIT-test. Most risky drinkers (AUDIT > or = 8) were given advice, 80% even booklets or other material, as recommended in the guidelines. Thus, brief intervention recommendations, including the use of the AUDIT, seem to be feasible in primary care settings.
PubMed ID
20681356 View in PubMed
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Are therapists uniformly effective across patient outcome domains? A study on therapist effectiveness in two different treatment contexts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280038
Source
J Couns Psychol. 2016 Jul;63(4):367-78
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2016
Author
Helene A Nissen-Lie
Simon B Goldberg
William T Hoyt
Fredrik Falkenström
Rolf Holmqvist
Stevan Lars Nielsen
Bruce E Wampold
Source
J Couns Psychol. 2016 Jul;63(4):367-78
Date
Jul-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Counseling - methods
Female
Health Personnel
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - psychology - therapy
Mental health
Middle Aged
Psychotherapy - methods
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Treatment Outcome
United States
Young Adult
Abstract
As established in several studies, therapists differ in effectiveness. A vital research task now is to understand what characterizes more or less effective therapists, and investigate whether this differential effectiveness systematically depends on client factors, such as the type of mental health problem. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether therapists are universally effective across patient outcome domains reflecting different areas of mental health functioning. Data were obtained from 2 sites: the Research Consortium of Counseling and Psychological Services in Higher Education (N = 5,828) in the United States and from primary and secondary care units (N = 616) in Sweden. Outcome domains were assessed via the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (Lambert et al., 2004) and the CORE-OM (Evans et al., 2002). Multilevel models with observations nested within patients were used to derive a reliable estimate for each patient's change (which we call a multilevel growth d) based on all reported assessment points. Next, 2 multilevel confirmatory factor analytic models were fit in which these effect sizes (multilevel ds) for the 3 subscales of the OQ-45 (Study 1) and 6 subscales of CORE-OM (Study 2) were indicators of 1 common latent factor at the therapist level. In both data sets, such a model, reflecting a global therapist effectiveness factor, yielded large factor loadings and excellent model fit. Results suggest that therapists effective (or ineffective) within one outcome domain are also effective within another outcome domain. Tentatively, therapist effectiveness can thus be conceived of as a global construct. (PsycINFO Database Record
PubMed ID
27124549 View in PubMed
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Ayahuasca-assisted therapy for addiction: results from a preliminary observational study in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114309
Source
Curr Drug Abuse Rev. 2013 Mar;6(1):30-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2013
Author
Gerald Thomas
Philippe Lucas
N Rielle Capler
Kenneth W Tupper
Gina Martin
Author Affiliation
Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, Canada. gthomas@okanaganresearch.com
Source
Curr Drug Abuse Rev. 2013 Mar;6(1):30-42
Date
Mar-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Banisteriopsis
Canada
Counseling - methods
Female
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology
Male
Middle Aged
Phytotherapy - methods
Plant Extracts - therapeutic use
Questionnaires
Rural Population
Substance-Related Disorders - drug therapy - psychology
Abstract
This paper reports results from a preliminary observational study of ayahuasca-assisted treatment for problematic substance use and stress delivered in a rural First Nations community in British Columbia, Canada.
The "Working with Addiction and Stress" retreats combined four days of group counselling with two expert-led ayahuasca ceremonies. This study collected pre-treatment and six months follow-up data from 12 participants on several psychological and behavioral factors related to problematic substance use, and qualitative data assessing the personal experiences of the participants six months after the retreat.
Statistically significant (p
PubMed ID
23627784 View in PubMed
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172 records – page 1 of 18.