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805 records – page 1 of 81.

[10 years of the ischemic heart disease prevention project in northern Karelia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239026
Source
Cas Lek Cesk. 1985 Mar 29;124(13):385-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-29-1985

Abdominal adipose tissue distribution, obesity, and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: 13 year follow up of participants in the study of men born in 1913.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature55732
Source
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1984 May 12;288(6428):1401-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-12-1984
Author
B. Larsson
K. Svärdsudd
L. Welin
L. Wilhelmsen
P. Björntorp
G. Tibblin
Source
Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1984 May 12;288(6428):1401-4
Date
May-12-1984
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdomen
Adipose Tissue
Aged
Anthropometry
Blood pressure
Body Composition
Cerebrovascular Disorders - epidemiology
Coronary Disease - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Obesity - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk
Sweden
Abstract
In a prospective study of risk factors for ischaemic heart disease 792 54 year old men selected by year of birth (1913) and residence in Gothenburg agreed to attend for questioning and a battery of anthropometric and other measurements in 1967. Thirteen years later these baseline findings were reviewed in relation to the numbers of men who had subsequently suffered a stroke, ischaemic heart disease, or death from all causes. Neither quintiles nor deciles of initial indices of obesity (body mass index, sum of three skinfold thickness measurements, waist or hip circumference) showed a significant correlation with any of the three end points studied. Statistically significant associations were, however, found between the waist to hip circumference ratio and the occurrence of stroke (p = 0.002) and ischaemic heart disease (p = 0.04). When the confounding effect of body mass index or the sum of three skinfold thicknesses was accounted for the waist to hip circumference ratio was significantly associated with all three end points. This ratio, however, was not an independent long term predictor of these end points when smoking, systolic blood pressure, and serum cholesterol concentration were taken into account. These results indicate that in middle aged men the distribution of fat deposits may be a better predictor of cardiovascular disease and death than the degree of adiposity.
PubMed ID
6426576 View in PubMed
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[A comparison of results of simple evaluation of the risk of ischemic heart disease with calculations based on a multiplicative model]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature55351
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1990 Jun 11;152(24):1744-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-11-1990
Author
L U Gerdes
A M Bak
O. Faergeman
Author Affiliation
Arhus Amtssygehus, medicinsk afdeling I.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1990 Jun 11;152(24):1744-6
Date
Jun-11-1990
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Comparative Study
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - etiology
Denmark - epidemiology
English Abstract
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Risk factors
Abstract
A simple model for detection of subjects at risk of ischaemic heart disease, based on the addition of scores for different risk factors (Anggaard EE, Land JM, Lenihan J et al. Br Med J 1986; 293: 177-80), is at present widely applied in Denmark. The model could be tested in a prospective study, or a historical follow-up study, but we do not have the possibilities to do so. Instead we have compared the risk score of the model with the estimated five-year coronary mortality risk (ECR) in 742 men aged 40-44 years, calculated on the basis of data from the Seven Countries Study. There is a reasonable consistency in this comparison, in spite of the different principles of calculation, the consideration of different risk factors and/or weighting of risk factors. For example, the model has a sensitivity of 71%, a specificity of 89% and a positive predictive value of 68% in detecting 40-44 year old men in the upper quartile of ECR. The "false positives" are often men, who for other reasons may require preventive medical attention (obese heavy smokers), and the "false negatives" are often men with isolated hypertension.
PubMed ID
2360293 View in PubMed
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Action levels for obesity treatment in 40 to 42-y-old men and women compared with action levels for prevention of coronary heart disease.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature47627
Source
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001 Nov;25(11):1698-704
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2001
Author
S. Tonstad
S. Graff-Iversen
Author Affiliation
Preventive Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Ullevål Hospital, Oslo, Norway. sesrena.tonstad@ulleval.no
Source
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001 Nov;25(11):1698-704
Date
Nov-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdomen
Adult
Anthropometry
Body mass index
Comparative Study
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - prevention & control
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - methods
Norway - epidemiology
Obesity - epidemiology - prevention & control
Practice Guidelines
Predictive value of tests
Prevalence
Risk factors
Sensitivity and specificity
Sex Factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for treating overweight and obesity have been suggested by the World Health Organization and other expert groups. We asked whether most men and women targeted in obesity guidelines would already be included in existing clinical recommendations for the prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) or whether a new group of patients would be added to current workloads. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 1997 the Norwegian National Health Screening Service examined CHD risk factors in subjects aged 40-42 y living in three counties. We studied 6911 men and 7992 women who did not report treatment for diabetes, hypertension or the presence of cardiovascular disease. Estimated 10 y risk of CHD was calculated using the Framingham equation. RESULTS: The prevalence of single risk factors (systolic blood pressure > or =160 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure > or =95 mmHg, total cholesterol level > or =7.8 mmol/l and nonfasting glucose > or =11.1 mmol/l) ranged between 0 and 11% among subjects with body mass index > or =25 kg/m2. Adding low HDL cholesterol ( or =10%). Sensitivities and specificities of using body mass index (BMI) or BMI and waist circumference as a screen for elevated CHD risk ranged between 22 and 91%. Screening for 10 y CHD risk of > or =10% or one or more risk factors among men and screening for one or more risk factors among women gave positive predictive values of 19-50%; however, the positive predictive value of screening for 10 y CHD risk of > or =10% was only 1-2% among women. Compared with men with BMI
PubMed ID
11753593 View in PubMed
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[Acute coronary events in female residents of Tomsk. Results of 5-year observation (1994-1998)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53963
Source
Ter Arkh. 2001;73(1):24-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
Iu I Ziablov
S A Okrugin
Source
Ter Arkh. 2001;73(1):24-7
Date
2001
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adult
Arrhythmia - epidemiology
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - mortality
English Abstract
Female
Heart Failure, Congestive - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - mortality
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left - epidemiology
Abstract
AIM: To study epidemiology of acute coronary conditions (ACC) including acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and acute coronary failure (ACF) among female population of Tomsk aged over 20 years and trends for 5 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1919 ACC episodes were compared in the women: 1616(84.2%) cases of AMI and 303(15.8%) cases of ACF. The comparison concerned epidemiological indices: morbidity, hospital and prehospital ACC lethality, the disease history, pathomorphological evidence. RESULTS: ACC prevalence among women for 5 years remained at the level 2.0-2.2 cases per 1000 women of the same age. Number of ACC patients with progressive angina decreased while number of cases of cardiogenic shock went up in paralled decrease of the number of episodes of acute left ventricular failure, arrhythmia and abnormal conduction. AMI as macrofocal occurred more frequently, ACC hospital lethality rose (due to more cases in patients over 60). Autopsy showed more cases of stenosing atherosclerosis of coronary arteries. CONCLUSION: No changes for the better occurred for 5 years among female population of Tomsk in relation to ACC incidence and mortality. This necessitates introduction of measures of effective primary and secondary prevention of ischemic heart disease and arterial hypertension.
PubMed ID
11234134 View in PubMed
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[Acute coronary occlusion in Denmark. Morbidity and mortality]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature56495
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1965 Oct 28;127(43):1371-2 passim
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-28-1965
Author
J. Mosbech
K. Dreyer
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1965 Oct 28;127(43):1371-2 passim
Date
Oct-28-1965
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - mortality
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Morbidity
PubMed ID
5869423 View in PubMed
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[Acute coronary occlusion in Denmark. Morbidity and mortality. II]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature56492
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1965 Nov 4;127(44):1423-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-4-1965
Author
J. Mosbech
K. Dreyer
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1965 Nov 4;127(44):1423-30
Date
Nov-4-1965
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - mortality
Denmark
Female
Humans
Male
Morbidity
PubMed ID
5868561 View in PubMed
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Acute depressed mood as a trigger of acute coronary syndromes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81829
Source
Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Oct 15;60(8):837-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-15-2006
Author
Steptoe Andrew
Strike Philip C
Perkins-Porras Linda
McEwan Jean R
Whitehead Daisy L
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. a.steptoe@ucl.ac.uk
Source
Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Oct 15;60(8):837-42
Date
Oct-15-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Affect - physiology
Aged
Anger - physiology
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - etiology - physiopathology
Cross-Over Studies
Depression - complications - epidemiology - physiopathology
Female
Humans
Income
Life Change Events
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - etiology - physiopathology
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Some cases of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may be triggered by emotional states such as anger, but it is not known if acute depressed mood can act as a trigger. METHODS: 295 men and women with a verified ACS were studied. Depressed mood in the two hours before ACS symptom onset was compared with the same period 24 hours earlier (pair-matched analysis), and with usual levels of depressed mood, using case-crossover methods. RESULTS: 46 (18.2%) patients experienced depressed mood in the two hours before ACS onset. The odds of ACS following depressed mood were 2.50 (95% confidence intervals 1.05 to 6.56) in the pair-matched analysis, while the relative risk of ACS onset following depressed mood was 4.33 (95% confidence intervals 3.39 to 6.11) compared with usual levels of depressed mood. Depressed mood preceding ACS onset was more common in lower income patients (p = .032), and was associated with recent life stress, but was not related to psychiatric status. CONCLUSIONS: Acute depressed mood may elicit biological responses that contribute to ACS, including vascular endothelial dysfunction, inflammatory cytokine release and platelet activation. Acute depressed mood may trigger potentially life-threatening cardiac events.
PubMed ID
16780810 View in PubMed
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Adipose tissue fatty acids in men from two populations with different cardiovascular risk: the LiVicordia study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54224
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1999
Author
A. Kaminskas
B. Ziedén
B. Elving
M. Kristenson
A. Abaravicius
B. Bergdahl
A G Olsson
Z. Kucinskiene
Author Affiliation
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Source
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 May;59(3):227-32
Date
May-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adipose Tissue - chemistry
Body mass index
Comparative Study
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - metabolism
Diet, Atherogenic
Dietary Fats - analysis
Fatty Acids - analysis
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated - analysis
Humans
Lipid Peroxidation - physiology
Lipoproteins, LDL - metabolism
Lithuania - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Myristic Acid - analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
alpha-Linolenic Acid - analysis
Abstract
The LiVicordia study was set up to investigate possible causes for coronary heart disease mortality in middle-aged Lithuanian men being four times higher than in Swedish men. In a previous part of this study we found lower total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the Lithuanian men in spite of them having a higher fat intake than in the Swedish men. Their LDL was also more susceptible to oxidation in vitro than was that of the Swedish men. Fat quality can influence LDL oxidation. In order to obtain data on long-term fat quality intake we measured the fatty acid composition of abdominal wall adipose tissue by gas chromatography in men aged 50 years from Vilnius, Lithuania (n=50) and Linköping, Sweden (n=50). Men from Vilnius had a significantly higher percentage of adipose tissue long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (20:4n6, 20:5n3, 22:5n5, 22:6n3) and lower percentage of saturated fatty acids, especially myristic acid (14:0), 3.4+/-0.7 versus 4.6+/-0.8, p
PubMed ID
10400167 View in PubMed
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Adult family members and their resemblance of coronary heart disease risk factors: the Cardiovascular Disease Study in Finnmark.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54463
Source
Eur J Epidemiol. 1997 Sep;13(6):623-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1997
Author
T. Brenn
Author Affiliation
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway. tormod@ism.uit.no
Source
Eur J Epidemiol. 1997 Sep;13(6):623-30
Date
Sep-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Blood pressure
Chi-Square Distribution
Cholesterol - blood
Coronary Disease - epidemiology
Family Characteristics
Family Health
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Smoking - epidemiology
Spouses
Triglycerides - blood
Abstract
Coronary heart disease tends to run in families, and the familial resemblance of major risk factors for the disease was examined among various types of adult family members. Family units were assembled from a total of 4,738 men and women who took part in a cross sectional health survey in four Norwegian municipalities where all inhabitants between 20 and 52 years of age were invited. After adjusting for age and other confounders, correlation coefficients were derived as a measure of the degree of resemblance. Viewed across all types of investigated familial relationships, similarity was found to be stronger for total cholesterol than for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides, and also stronger for systolic than for diastolic blood pressure. Between husbands and wives (3,060 subjects), correlations were small (between 0.02 and 0.06), except for 0.11 for total cholesterol. Lipid and blood pressure correlations ranged from 0.13 to 0.27 for parents and their offspring (471 subjects, p
PubMed ID
9324207 View in PubMed
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805 records – page 1 of 81.