Oral anticoagulant therapy with warfarin commenced pre-operatively (n = 102) to prevent coronary artery vein graft occlusions was compared in terms of efficacy and safety with dipyridamole and aspirin (n = 130) in a randomized consecutive series of patients. Anticoagulant therapy was started at least 2 weeks before coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and antiplatelet therapy was started at least 3 days before CABG with dipyridamole followed by a combination of 250 mg aspirin once a day via a nasogastric tube 6 h after CABG. Overall, vein graft patency at 3 months after surgery did not differ significantly between the anticoagulant group (203/275, 74%) and dipyridamole-aspirin group (238/311, 77%), but the occlusion rate for grafts with endarterectomy was higher in the anticoagulant (46%) than in the dipyridamole and aspirin group (16%), (P less than 0.05). The rate of peri-operative complications including deaths, re-operation and myocardial infarction was higher in the anticoagulant than antiplatelet group (26.5% vs 13.8%, P less than 0.05). The occurrence of postoperative bleeding complications did not differ significantly between the groups. Thus, oral anticoagulant therapy commenced pre-operatively has no advantages over conventional antiplatelet therapy in patients who undergo CABG. Neither antithrombotic regimens proved to be satisfactory for preventing acute bypass vein graft occlusions in this patient population with advanced coronary artery disease.
Comment In: Eur Heart J. 1993 May;14(5):7238508869
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a predictor of early and late outcome after coronary angioplasty, but there is scant data on its impact on the outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The predictive value of preoperative CRP was evaluated in a series of 764 patients who underwent on-pump CABG. RESULTS: During the in-hospital stay, 13 patients (1.7%) died, 45 (4.5%) developed low cardiac output syndrome, and 28 (3.7%) suffered minor or major cerebrovascular complications. Patients with a preoperative serum concentration of CRP>/=1.0 mg/dL had a higher risk of overall postoperative death (5.3% vs 1.1%, p = 0.001), cardiac death (4.4% vs 0.8%, p = 0.002), low cardiac output syndrome (8.8% vs 3.7%, p = 0.01), and any cerebrovascular complication (4.4% vs 3.5%, p = 0.66). Preoperative serum concentration of CRP>/=1.0 mg/dL was significantly more frequent among patients with history of myocardial infarction, diabetes, lower limb ischemia, low left ventricular ejection fraction, NYHA class IV, and in those undergoing urgent or emergency operation. At multivariate analysis, preoperative serum concentration of CRP >/= 1.0 mg/dL (p = 0.01, O.R.: 6.97) and left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.01, O.R.: 0.95) were independent predictors of postoperative death. Postoperative mortality rate was 0.3% among patients with preoperative CRP /=50%, whereas it was 21.4% among those with a preoperative CRP >/= 1.0 mg/dL and an ejection fraction less than 50% (p
The generation in plasma the anodic autoprecipitating protein, or autoprecipitin (AAP), as the bioincompatibility reaction under influence of a number of alien components during cardiac operations with using cardiopulmonary bypass, heterotopic vascular autotransplants and artificial valve implants was studied in 257 patients. Selective formation of the AAPs in result of their inductors effect was discovered by the methods of immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis in blood of patients within operation periods and early postoperation hours. Repeated and reiterated generation of the AAPs due to bioincompatibility in patients with coronarosclerosis and endocarditis, undergoing prosthetic cardiac operations may favour developing reaction of immediate hypersensitivity with complications and has prognostic value.