Secondary prevention is an important component of a structured rehabilitation programme following a cardiac event. Comprehensive programmes have been developed in many European countries, the vast majority of which are hospital based. In Sweden, all patients with cardiac disease are also given the opportunity to participate in secondary prevention activities arranged by the National Association for Heart and Lung Patients [The Heart & Lung School (HL)]. The aim of this 3-year longitudinal study was to compare persons who attended the HL after a cardiac event and those who declined participation, with regard to health aspects, life situation, social network and support, clinical data, rehospitalisation and mortality. Totally 220 patients were included in the study. The patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire on four occasions, in addition to visiting a health care center for physical examination. After 3 years, 160 persons were still participating, 35 of whom attended the HL. The results show that persons who participated in the HL exercised more regularly, smoked less and had a denser network as well as more social support from nonfamily members than the comparison groups. This study contributes to increased knowledge among healthcare professionals, politicians and decision makers about peer support groups as a support strategy after a cardiac event.
The work situation of 66 male patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS) and who had been randomly allocated to receive cardiac rehabilitation (group R) was compared with the work situation of 59 similar patients allocated to receive only standard care (group H). The follow-up time was one year. The proportions of subjects working in groups R and H were 26% and 20% (p = ns) before the CABS, 45% and 34% (p = ns) 6 months and 56% and 38% (p = ns) 12 months after the CABS, respectively. The increase in proportion of subjects who worked was significant in both groups at both 6 and 12 months after the CABS (p
284 patients with IHD after coronary artery bypass operation have undergone rehabilitation at low-mountain health resort Kislovodsk. The study of lipoprotein metabolism has detected a positive trend in this metabolism as shown by lowering of blood cholesterol, low density lipoproteins, phospholipids and triglycerides, elevated levels of high density lipoproteins.
The importance of depression in coronary artery disease (CAD) outcomes is being increasingly recognized. The aim of this study was to investigate the power of depression as a predictor of return to work, both at full time and at reduced working hours, within 12 months of participation in a behaviorally oriented rehabilitation program in Sweden. The sample comprised 198 employed patients who had recently experienced an acute myocardial infarction (AMI, n=85), or had been treated with coronary by-pass surgery (CABG, n=73) or coronary angioplasty (PTCA, n=40). The results showed that clinical depression before intervention (>or=16 as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory) exerted a great influence on work resumption both at full-time (odds ratio 9.43, CI=3.15-28.21) and at reduced working-hours (odds ratio 5.44, CI=1.60-18.53), while mild depression (BDI 10-15) influenced only work resumption at full-time (odds ratio 2.89, CI=1.08-7.70). Education and, at full-time hours, age also predicted work resumption. This highlights the importance of depressive symptoms in relation to return to work after a CAD event. More research is needed in order to elaborate the degree to which treatment of depression enhances work resumption rates.
Despite the evidence of benefit, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) remains highly underutilized. The present study examined the effect of two inpatient and one outpatient strategy on CR utilization: allied healthcare provider completion of referral (a policy that had been endorsed and approved by the cardiac program leadership in advance; PRE-APPROVED); CR intake appointment booked before hospital discharge (PRE-BOOKED); and early outpatient education provided at the CR program shortly after inpatient discharge (EARLY ED).In this prospective observational study, 2,635 stable cardiac inpatients from 11 Ontario hospitals completed a sociodemographic survey, and clinical data were extracted from charts. One year later, participants were a mailed survey that assessed CR use. Participating inpatient units and CR programs to which patients were referred were coded to reflect whether each of the strategies was used (yes/no). The effect of each strategy on participants' CR referral and enrollment was examined using generalized estimating equations.
A total of 1,809 participants completed the post-test survey. Adjusted analyses revealed that the implementation of one of the inpatient strategies was significantly related to greater referral and enrollment (PRE-APPROVED: OR = 1.96, 95%CI = 1.26 to 3.05, and OR = 2.91, 95%CI = 2.20 to 3.85, respectively). EARLY ED also resulted in significantly greater enrollment (OR = 4.85, 95%CI = 2.96 to 7.95).
These readily-implementable strategies could significantly increase access to and enrollment in CR for the cardiac population. The impact of these strategies on wait times warrants exploration.
Cites: JAMA. 1999 Dec 22-29;282(24):2340-610612322
Cites: J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2012 Nov;13(11):727-3422885529
The work status following aortocoronary bypass surgery was evaluated by questionnaire in 268 male patients aged 44 years or less, after a mean follow-up of 38 months. During follow-up, 87% resumed work; when analyzed on a yearly basis, the rate of patients at work peaked at 2 years (80%) and then declined to 70% at 4 years. Multivariate analyses showed that the two most important preoperative variables predictive of work status after surgery were (1) the length of the period of not working, and (2) the educational level. Other influential factors were the presence of an associated vascular disease and the type of work, annual income and functional class. The postoperative health status, as described by the patient, was also closely correlated with return to work. Recurrence of angina after surgery impaired work resumption. A majority of patients who were never gainfully employed after surgery attributed the reason to their physician, while 93% of them stated that they received financial aid from the government.
The purpose of this trial was to determine the effectiveness of advanced practice nursing support on cardiac surgery patients' during the first 5 weeks following hospital discharge. Patients ( N = 200) were randomly allocated to two groups: (a) an intervention group who received telephone calls from an advanced practice nurse (APN) familiar with their clinical condition and care needs, twice during the first week following discharge then weekly thereafter for 4 weeks, and (b) a usual care group. Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQL), symptom distress, satisfaction with recovery care, and unexpected health care contacts were obtained at 5 weeks following discharge. There were no significant group differences in HRQL, unexpected contacts with the health care system, or symptom distress. The provision of APN support via telephone followup after cardiac surgery is feasible. However, further randomized trials of single and multicomponent APN interventions are needed to prove effectiveness.
This investigation was performed to study the reasons for receiving disability pension after aortocoronary bypass surgery. During the period March 1983 to November 1985, 250 patients underwent aortocoronary bypass surgery. At a mean follow-up of 4.9 years (range 3.6-6.7) after the operation, 31 patients were dead. Of the 219 survivors, all except four underwent a follow-up examination including an exercise test. The mean physical work capacity had increased from 92.2 W preoperatively to 119.3 W at follow-up (p
The aim of this study was to describe the relief of symptoms and improvement in other aspects of health-related quality of life 5 years after coronary artery by-pass grafting in relation to age. Patients in western Sweden were approached with an inquiry prior to surgery and 5 years after the operation. Health-related quality of life was estimated with 3 different instruments: Physical Activity Score (PAS), Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWB). Prior to surgery patients were approached either in the ward or by post and 5 years after surgery they were approached by post. A total of 1719 patients were available for the survey, of whom 876 (51%) responded to the survey both prior to and after 5 years. Among the 876 respondents 287 were 67 years. In terms of physical activity, chest pain and dyspnoea, a similar improvement was observed regardless of age. In terms of health-related quality of life questionnaires, there was an inverse association between age and improvement when using PAS and a similar trend was observed with NHP and PGWB. In conclusion, 5 years after coronary artery bypass grafting relief of symptoms and improvement in physical activity was not associated with age, whereas improvement in other aspects of health-related quality of life tended to be less marked in elderly people. Overall age seemed to have a small impact on the improved well-being 5 years after coronary surgery. However, due to the limited response rate the results may not be applicable to a non-selected coronary artery bypass grafting population.