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Atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery is associated with adverse outcome.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature303151
Source
Ups J Med Sci. 2019 Jan; 124(1):70-77
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Jan-2019
Author
Gorav Batra
Anders Ahlsson
Bertil Lindahl
Lars Lindhagen
Anders Wickbom
Jonas Oldgren
Author Affiliation
a Uppsala Clinical Research Center , Uppsala , Sweden.
Source
Ups J Med Sci. 2019 Jan; 124(1):70-77
Date
Jan-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Aged
Atrial Fibrillation - epidemiology - therapy
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - therapy
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods
Coronary Vessels - surgery
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Failure - epidemiology - therapy
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - therapy
Myocardial Ischemia - epidemiology - therapy
Outcome Assessment, Health Care
Preoperative Period
Proportional Hazards Models
Recurrence
Registries
Risk
Sweden - epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
The aim was to determine the association between atrial fibrillation (AF) and outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
All patients undergoing CABG between January 2010 and June 2013 were identified in the Swedish Heart Surgery Registry. Outcomes studied were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, ischemic stroke, and recurrent AF. Patients with history of AF prior to surgery (preoperative AF) and patients without history of AF but with AF episodes post-surgery (postoperative AF) were compared to patients with no AF using adjusted Cox regression models.
Among 9,107 identified patients, 8.1% (n?=?737) had preoperative AF, and 25.1% (n?=?2,290) had postoperative AF. Median follow-up was 2.2?years. Compared to no AF, preoperative AF was associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality, adjusted hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval (HR) 1.76 (1.33-2.33); cardiovascular mortality, HR 2.43 (1.68-3.50); and congestive heart failure, HR 2.21 (1.72-2.84). Postoperative AF was associated with risk of all-cause mortality, HR 1.27 (1.01-1.60); cardiovascular mortality, HR 1.52 (1.10-2.11); congestive heart failure, HR 1.47 (1.18-1.83); and recurrent AF, HR 4.38 (2.46-7.78). No significant association was observed between pre- or postoperative AF and risk for myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke.
Approximately 1 in 3 patients undergoing CABG had pre- or postoperative AF. Patients with pre- or postoperative AF were at higher risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and congestive heart failure, but not of myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke. Postoperative AF was associated with higher risk of recurrent AF.
PubMed ID
30265179 View in PubMed
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Bilateral versus single internal mammary coronary artery bypass grafting in Sweden from 1997-2008.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature105157
Source
PLoS One. 2014;9(1):e86929
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Magnus Dalén
Torbjörn Ivert
Martin J Holzmann
Ulrik Sartipy
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Anesthesiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden ; Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
PLoS One. 2014;9(1):e86929
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods
Coronary Artery Disease - mortality - pathology - therapy
Female
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Mammary Arteries - pathology
Middle Aged
Sweden
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Prior observational studies have suggested better outcomes in patients who receive bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compared with patients who receive a single internal mammary artery (SIMA). The aim of this study was to analyze the association between BIMA use and long-term survival in patients who underwent primary isolated CABG.
Patients who underwent primary isolated non-emergent CABG in Sweden between 1997 and 2008 were identified. The SWEDEHEART registry and other national Swedish registers were used to acquire information about patient characteristics and outcomes. Unadjusted and multivariable adjusted regression models were used to estimate the association between BIMA use and early mortality, long-term survival, and a composite of death from any cause or rehospitalization for myocardial infarction, heart failure, or stroke in the overall cohort and in a propensity score-matched cohort. The study population consisted of 49702 patients who underwent CABG with at least one internal mammary artery, and 559 (1%) of those had BIMA grafting. In the adjusted analyses, BIMA use was not associated with better survival compared with SIMA use in the overall cohort (hazard ratio (HR) for death: 1.16, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.97 to 1.37) or in the matched cohort (HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.78 to 1.40). The results were similar for early mortality and the composite endpoint. Reoperation for sternal wound complications was more common among BIMA patients (odds ratio: 1.71, 95% CI: 1.01 to 2.88).
BIMA grafting was performed infrequently and was not associated with better outcomes compared with SIMA grafting in patients undergoing non-emergent primary isolated CABG in Sweden during 1997-2008.
Notes
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PubMed ID
24466293 View in PubMed
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[Budget impact analysis of antiplatelet therapy with ticagrelor and clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome after coronary artery bypass surgery].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280387
Source
Ter Arkh. 2016;88(9):39-49
Publication Type
Article
Author
S K Zyryanov
D Yu Belousov
E V Afanas'eva
E V Dumchenko
Source
Ter Arkh. 2016;88(9):39-49
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Coronary Syndrome - drug therapy - economics - mortality - surgery
Adenosine - administration & dosage - analogs & derivatives - economics
Aspirin - administration & dosage - economics
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Drug Therapy, Combination - economics - methods
Humans
Medication Therapy Management - economics
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors - administration & dosage - economics
Postoperative Period
Russia - epidemiology
Social Validity, Research
Ticlopidine - administration & dosage - analogs & derivatives - economics
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Clinical and economic examinations were made to study whether it is appropriate to use antiplatelet therapy (APT) with ticagrelor in combination with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) versus a combination of clopidogrel and ASA in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS).
A budget impact analysis was used. Data on the efficiency and safety of APT were taken from a relevant analysis in the subgroups of the randomized controlled trial PLATO. Direct medical cost due to APT and expenses on therapy for acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and massive bleeding, and those on medical care for patients dying from cardiovascular events and other causes, as well as indirect cost - gross domestic product (GDP) losses due to untimely death, were taken into account. The findings were assessed from the perspectives of society.
The analysis indicated that direct medical costs per patient following CABS, both in case of calculation based on the recorded price for ticagrelor and on the median registered prices for clopidogrel generics, and based on the auction prices for comparison agents proved to be lower when clopidogrel was administered because of the higher cost of ticagrelor-based APT. At the same time GDP losses due to untimely death, as calculated per patient with ACS during post-CABS therapy with clopidogrel + ASA, were more than twice above average losses per patient taking ticagrelor in combination with ACA (107,122 and 221,645 rubles, respectively). From the registered price for ticagrelor and the median registered prices for clopidogrel generics, the total costs per patient with ACS following CABS were lower if Brilinta was used in combination with ASA versus therapy with clopidogrel in combination with ASA (210,092 and 273,257 rubles per year, respectively; the cost savings were 63,165 rubles per patient per year when ticagrelor was administered). On the basis of the auction prices for comparison drugs, the total costs per patient with ACS after CABS proved to be lower if Brilinta was used in combination with ASA versus therapy with brand name clopidogrel in combination with ASA (201,018 and 293,982 rubles per patients year, respectively; the cost savings were 92,963 rubles per patient per year when ticagrelor was used).
The use of ticagrelor in combination with ASA ensures resource savings to treat ACS patients undergoing CABS as compared with a regiment including a combination of clopidogrel and ASA.
PubMed ID
27735912 View in PubMed
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Cardiovascular and psychosomatic symptoms among relatives of patients waiting for possible coronary revascularization.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11150
Source
Heart Lung. 1996 Nov-Dec;25(6):438-43
Publication Type
Article
Author
A. Bengtson
T. Karlsson
P. Währborg
A. Hjalmarson
J. Herlitz
Author Affiliation
Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
Source
Heart Lung. 1996 Nov-Dec;25(6):438-43
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - physiopathology
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods
Coronary Disease - therapy
Cross-Sectional Studies
Family - psychology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Psychophysiologic Disorders - etiology - physiopathology
Questionnaires
Reference Values
Stress, Psychological - complications
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To examine the consequences for close family members of patients on a waiting list for possible coronary revascularization. BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients with symptomatic ischemic heart disease require evaluation for possible revascularization. Many of these patients must wait a long time before receiving treatment. The negative consequences of this long wait for patients and their relatives have not been satisfactorily evaluated previously. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: All hospital in Southwestern Sweden. STUDY POPULATION: One hundred relatives of patients referred for possible revascularization and a sex- and age-matched reference group. The convenience sample consisted of 85% (n = 76) women and 15% (n = 13) men. OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of cardiovascular and psychosomatic symptoms. EVALUATION: One hundred relatives and 100 members of the control group were sent a questionnaire to evaluate their clinical condition; working situation; use of tobacco, alcohol and sedatives; and cardiovascular and psychosomatic symptoms. RESULTS: Family members had a significantly higher frequency of anxiety, depression, and irritability compared with the control group. Furthermore, family members reported sleeping disorders, including difficulty waking, tiredness due to lack of sleep, and restless sleep, more frequently than did the control group. CONCLUSION: Close family members of patients waiting for coronary revascularization have particular difficulties, and these difficulties should receive more attention.
PubMed ID
8950122 View in PubMed
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The changing pattern of coronary artery bypass surgery.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature230225
Source
Circulation. 1989 Sep;80(3 Pt 1):I151-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1989
Author
G T Christakis
J. Ivanov
R D Weisel
P L Birnbaum
T E David
T A Salerno
Author Affiliation
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Circulation. 1989 Sep;80(3 Pt 1):I151-61
Date
Sep-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Anesthesia - methods
Cardiac Catheterization
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods - mortality - utilization
Emergencies
Humans
Ontario
Postoperative Complications - epidemiology - mortality
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Sex Factors
Stroke Volume
Abstract
Recent advances in interventional cardiology have altered the profile of patients referred for coronary artery bypass surgery. In recent years, the proportion of high-risk patients has increased dramatically. To evaluate the impact of the changing pattern of surgical patients, we prospectively followed up 7,334 patients who had coronary artery bypass surgery between 1982 and 1986. Multivariate analysis identified the following risk factors for operative mortality: urgency of surgery, left ventricular ejection fraction, age, female sex, previous bypass surgery, and left main coronary artery stenosis. Perioperative mortality has remained stable despite an increasing incidence of high-risk patients. However, perioperative morbidity has increased, due to the large number of high-risk patients. A multivariate analysis was performed by year to identify temporal trends in risk factors. Urgency of surgery, age, and previous bypass surgery have become more significant predictors of mortality with respect to time, whereas female sex, left ventricular ejection fraction, and left main coronary artery stenosis have become less significant determinants of mortality. Our results demonstrate the critical dependence of mortality and morbidity rates on the case mix, and further improvements in the results of coronary artery bypass surgery will require better strategies for the increasing number of high-risk patients.
PubMed ID
2788531 View in PubMed
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Completeness of revascularization and survival among octogenarians with triple-vessel disease.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature125444
Source
Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 May;93(5):1432-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2012
Author
Siamak Mohammadi
Dimitri Kalavrouziotis
Francois Dagenais
Pierre Voisine
Eric Charbonneau
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Quebec Heart and Lung University Institute, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. siamak.mohammadi@fmed.ulaval.ca
Source
Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 May;93(5):1432-7
Date
May-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged, 80 and over
Cause of Death
Cohort Studies
Coronary Angiography - methods
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods - mortality
Coronary Stenosis - mortality - pathology - radiography - surgery
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Geriatric Assessment
Graft Occlusion, Vascular - mortality - radiography - surgery
Graft Rejection
Graft Survival
Humans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Logistic Models
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Myocardial Revascularization - methods - mortality
Postoperative Complications - mortality - physiopathology
Quebec
Retrospective Studies
Risk assessment
Survival Analysis
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
We sought to determine the impact of the completeness of surgical revascularization among octogenarians with triple-vessel disease.
Between 1992 and 2008, 476 consecutive patients aged 80 years or more who underwent primary isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures were identified. Early and late survival were compared among patients who underwent complete revascularization (CR, n=391) and incomplete revascularization (IR, n=85). IR was present when 1 or more of the 3 main coronary arteries with 50% or greater stenosis that were identified preoperatively as a surgical target by the operating surgeon were not grafted. The mean follow-up was 5.4±3.0 years (maximum 15.3 years).
Baseline risk was similar between the 2 groups of patients. IR was more frequent in off-pump compared with on-pump CABG (34.9% versus 16.2%, respectively; p=0.002). The most common reason for IR was small or severely diseased arteries (87%). The incidence of postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) was similar in both groups (CR, 18.4% versus IR, 17.3%; p=0.81). In-hospital mortality was 7.2% among patients with CR and 4.7% among patients with IR (p=0.60). Three, 5-, and 8-year freedom from all-cause mortality among patients who underwent CR were 89.2%, 74.1%, and 54.3%, respectively, and were not significantly different from those patients who underwent IR (86.6%, 74.5%, and 49.4%, respectively) (p=0.40).
In octogenarians with triple-vessel disease, a strategy of incomplete revascularization during CABG does not negatively impact early or long-term survival.
Notes
Comment In: Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 May;93(5):1437-822541175
PubMed ID
22480392 View in PubMed
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[Coronary artery disease after renal transplantation: epidemiology, risk factors, and surgical approaches to treatment].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166298
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(11):31-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
V I Shumakov
N A Tomilina
I G Kim
V V Chestukhin
B L Mirankov
I G Riadovoi
M G Gontuar
E N Ostroumov
A E Ermolenko
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2006;(11):31-7
Date
2006
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Kidney Transplantation - adverse effects
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Ischemia - epidemiology - etiology - surgery
Postoperative Complications
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Survival Rate - trends
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of death in renal transplant recipients. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency and risk factors of post-transplantation CAD and its influence on the long-term results of surgery, as well as to evaluate the efficiency of myocardial revascularization in patients with severe CAD. Analysis of the observation of 479 renal recipients (332 men and 147 women) aged 38.69 +/- 11.2 was performed. The mean follow-up period was 64.56 +/- 37.44 months. Sixty-eight patients had diabetes mellitus. CAD was diagnosed in 14.8% (71 out of 479) renal recipients; in 12.7% of patients it developed de novo and was revealed 32.4 +/- 18.6 months after the surgery. Ten-year survival of renal recipients with CAD was only 39%, while in the group of non-CAD patients it was 75% (p
PubMed ID
17136851 View in PubMed
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Coronary artery surgery in an indigenous Papua New Guinean male.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227950
Source
P N G Med J. 1990 Dec;33(4):281-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1990
Author
P J Fletcher
B. McCaughan
I H Kevau
Author Affiliation
Hallstrom Institute of Cardiology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
Source
P N G Med J. 1990 Dec;33(4):281-7
Date
Dec-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods - rehabilitation
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - radiography - surgery
Electrocardiography
Humans
Male
Papua New Guinea - epidemiology
Risk factors
Abstract
The first case of coronary artery surgery in an indigenous Papua New Guinean male subject is described. A 42-year-old male with multiple risk factors developed two episodes of myocardial infarction. Coronary arteriography demonstrated severe obstructive disease in all three coronary arteries with moderate left ventricular dysfunction. Prognostic coronary revascularization was performed, with placement of four bypass grafts with six distal anastomoses. Recovery was largely uncomplicated. Maximal exercise test 6 months postoperatively showed normal exercise capacity with no evidence of ischaemia. He is pursuing an intensive program of risk factor management.
PubMed ID
2099048 View in PubMed
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Coronary revascularization for patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107855
Source
Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Dec;96(6):2038-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2013
Author
Jeevan Nagendran
Colleen M Norris
Michelle M Graham
David B Ross
Roderick G Macarthur
Teresa M Kieser
Andrew M Maitland
Danielle Southern
Steven R Meyer
Author Affiliation
Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Source
Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Dec;96(6):2038-44
Date
Dec-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Alberta - epidemiology
Cardiac Catheterization
Confidence Intervals
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods
Coronary Disease - complications - diagnosis - surgery
Echocardiography
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Ventricles - physiopathology - ultrasonography
Humans
Male
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - methods
Proportional Hazards Models
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate - trends
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left - complications - mortality - surgery
Ventricular Function, Left - physiology
Abstract
The efficacy of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease has been well defined by randomized controlled trials. However, patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction
PubMed ID
23968761 View in PubMed
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[Coronary stenting in patients with ischemic heart disease with multivessel involvement of coronary vascular bed and low Syntax score].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117736
Source
Kardiologiia. 2013;53(10):4-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
R S Poliakov
S A Abugov
I V Zhbanov
Iu M Saakian
M V Puretskii
A A Pirkova
S M Naumov
A V Boltenkov
G V Mardanian
Source
Kardiologiia. 2013;53(10):4-9
Date
2013
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Artery Bypass - methods
Coronary Artery Disease - mortality - radiography - surgery
Drug-Eluting Stents
Female
Humans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Male
Middle Aged
Russia - epidemiology
Severity of Illness Index
Survival Rate - trends
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
We followed 619 patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and multivessel involvement of coronary arteries: 317 patients subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG, group 1) and 302 patients subjected to multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI, group 2) with implantation of drug eluting stents. Both groups had comparable clinical characteristics. During hospitalization we registered deaths and unfavorable cardiological and cerebrovascular events. In remote period after revascularization we assessed survival, angina recurrences and related repeat revascularizations, and rate of severe cardiovascular complications (composite of deaths, acute myocardial infarctions [AMI], stroke, and repeat myocardial revascularizations).
During hospitalization there were no significant differences between groups by parameters studied: death rate was 1.7 and 0.9%, that of AMI 2.6 and 1.9%, of stroke 0.9% and 0, of composite of death, AMI, and stroke 5.1 and 1.9% (p = 0.37) in groups 1 and 2, respectively. Survival in remote period was 90.2 (group 1) and 92.7% (group 2). Comparison of Kaplan-Meier survival curves also revealed no significant differences between groups. Angina recurrence/repeat revascularization took place in 54 (17.0%) and in 64 (21.2%) patients in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p = 0.128). Repeat revascularization was carried out in 32 of 54 patients (59.3%) in group 1 and in 58 Of 64 patients (90.6%) in group 2. Rate of severe unfavorable events during whole period of follow up was 33.1% in group 1 and 30.5% in group 2 (p > 0.05).
In IHD patients with multivessel coronary artery involvement and low Syntax Score immediate and long term (5 year) results of stenting with drug eluting stents are not inferior to results of CABG.
PubMed ID
24645549 View in PubMed
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61 records – page 1 of 7.