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56 records – page 1 of 6.

[A group of homosexuals change their sex habits after information about AIDS. A questionnaire survey]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8468
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1989 Jul 24;151(30):1920-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-24-1989
Author
J. Bøttzauw
K. Hermansen
P. Tauris
L M Hansen
B. Nørgård
J B Hansen
P. Jørgensen
J. Olsen
F T Black
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1989 Jul 24;151(30):1920-2
Date
Jul-24-1989
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - prevention & control - transmission
Contraceptive Devices, Male
Denmark
English Abstract
HIV Seropositivity - prevention & control - transmission
Homosexuality
Humans
Male
Sexual Behavior
Abstract
A questionnaire investigation to which 144 homosexual persons replied anonomously revealed alterations in the sexual habits after information about AIDS. Significant reduction in the annual number of partners and significantly fewer employ the more dangerous sexual practices which now occur particularly in more permanent partnerships are among the alterations started. An unchanged number still employ active anal and orogenital coitus. Employment of condoms has increased significantly, particularly in anal coitus and "casual" partners (from 3% to 82%). The majority accept the use of condoms and state that they employ more "safe sex" than prior to information about AIDS. 12% stated that they had sex with both sexes and the possibility of spread of infection from homosexual to heterosexual groups is present. The intensive informative work from the homosexuals own organisation and from public health authorities appear to have had some effect but further information and influencing are necessary if the spread of HIV infection is to be stopped.
PubMed ID
2781650 View in PubMed
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[AIDS and contraception--increased use of condoms at the time of first intercourse among Norwegian adolescents]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8375
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 May 10;110(12):1490-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-10-1990
Author
P. Kraft
B. Traeen
J. Rise
Author Affiliation
Seksjon for epidemiologi, Universitetet i Bergen.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 May 10;110(12):1490-2
Date
May-10-1990
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - prevention & control - psychology
Comparative Study
Contraception Behavior - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Contraceptive Devices, Male - utilization
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Norway
Sex Education
Sexual Behavior
Abstract
This paper describes use of contraception at first intercourse among Norwegian adolescents and sheds some light upon whether the HIV-epidemic has influenced the use of contraception. The data stem from a population-based survey of 3,000 17-, 18- and 19-year-olds. The response rate was 60.9%. A total of 1,172 persons had experienced intercourse and constitute the material. A total of 42.2% reported having used a condom, 8.5% the p-pill, 17.6% practiced withdrawal, and 31.0% did not use any contraception at their first experience of intercourse. Use/non-use of contraception was associated with educational aspirations, age at first intercourse and consumption of alcohol. Condom use was associated with age, educational aspirations, parental education, consumption of alcohol and discussing contraception with parents and peers. The higher proportion of condom use at first intercourse among the 17-year-olds (47.5%) as compared with the 19-year-olds (34.3%) can probably be ascribed to the HIV-epidemic.
PubMed ID
2339394 View in PubMed
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AIDS and Danish adolescents--knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour relevant to the prevention of HIV-infection.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8370
Source
Dan Med Bull. 1990 Jun;37(3):275-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1990
Author
A. Krasnik
M. Wangel
Author Affiliation
Institut for Social Medicin, Panum Institutet, Københavns Universitet.
Source
Dan Med Bull. 1990 Jun;37(3):275-9
Date
Jun-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - etiology - prevention & control - psychology
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Contraceptive Devices, Male - utilization
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Health Education - organization & administration
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
School Health Services - organization & administration
Sexual Behavior
Abstract
To evaluate the effect of previous AIDS education on AIDS knowledge and sex behaviour among Danish adolescents, a survey was carried out in April-May 1988 amongst 15-16 year-old school children of 9th grade elementary school. Through a cluster-sampling procedure, 45 school classes in nine geographical areas around the country were selected representing various degrees of urbanisation. A questionnaire was handed out and collected by the local school physician during a class session. The 728 pupils responding corresponded to a response rate of 89% of the pupils enlisted and 99% of the pupils present. The results demonstrate that AIDS education has been widely introduced in Danish schools and is well accepted. However, school health services have only rarely been involved. The educational activities seem to have a positive effect on knowledge about HIV-transmission and AIDS, attitudes towards the use of condoms and actual sexual behaviour, although risk-behaviour is still prevalent. The respondents express positive attitudes towards more AIDS education--especially among those with very little or no previous educational experiences.
PubMed ID
2357908 View in PubMed
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[AIDS campaigns have not influenced the use of condoms among young people]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8245
Source
Lakartidningen. 1991 Jun 26;88(26-27):2374-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-26-1991
Author
S. Bremberg
Author Affiliation
Distriktsläkare vid socialmedicinska basenheten, vårdcentralen Kronan, Sundbyberg.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1991 Jun 26;88(26-27):2374-5
Date
Jun-26-1991
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - prevention & control - psychology - transmission
Adolescent
Attitude to Health
Contraceptive Devices, Male - utilization
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Sex education - methods
Sweden
Abstract
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a significant health problem among teenagers. Chlamydia has been found in 10-20% of young people seeking advice, and HIV is a hugh potential threat. In the late 1980s campaigns started against STDs and AIDS have increased the use of condoms. In 1976, a youth counseling was set up in Linkoping, Sweden. During 1987-90 attenders were queried to find out if teenagers used the condom more extensively as a result of increased information in schools and in the mass media. 1184 visits of girls who admitted sexual intercourse were registered. 91% of them were aged 16-19. An average of 37.5% of the girls states that their partner had used the condom during the last intercourse. No change was observed in the rate of condom use. During the period 1987-90, pertinent information increased in schools and in the media. Nonetheless the results do not indicate that it affected the sexual behavior of young people, although it could have longterm effects. General information may have to he completed on the basis of a school program with social and psychological content.
PubMed ID
1857158 View in PubMed
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[AIDS. Nurses on the job looked up rock stars]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8399
Source
Sygeplejersken. 1990 Jan 24;90(4):22-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-24-1990

[Attitude towards use of condoms among Norwegian adolescents]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73768
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 May 10;110(12):1493-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-10-1990
Author
B. Traeen
H. Pape
J M Sundet
Author Affiliation
AIDS-informasjonsenheten, Statens institutt for folkehelse, Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1990 May 10;110(12):1493-6
Date
May-10-1990
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Attitude to Health
Comparative Study
Contraception Behavior - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Contraceptive Devices, Male - utilization
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Norway
Abstract
The article discusses the relationship between attitudes towards condoms and the use of condoms among sexually active Norwegian adolescents. The data stem from a random survey of 3,000 Norwegian adolescents aged 17-19. The responsrate was 61.8%. In general, most adolescents were positive towards condoms, and condom users were more positive than non-users. A logistic regression analysis showed that the only statistically significant predictors of condom use were the attitudes 'condoms aren't necessary to me' and 'condoms are uncomfortable'. The results indicate that attitudes towards condoms bear some relation to condom use. But, the use of condoms is also governed by factors other than attitudes.
PubMed ID
2339395 View in PubMed
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Awareness of an AIDS campaign directed at Norwegian adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8434
Source
Health Policy. 1990;16(1):33-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
B. Traeen
Author Affiliation
AIDS Information Unit, National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
Source
Health Policy. 1990;16(1):33-41
Date
1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - prevention & control
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Contraceptive Devices, Male - utilization
Evaluation Studies
Female
Health Education - statistics & numerical data
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Norway
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Abstract
Awareness of a condom campaign directed at Norwegian adolescents was studied in terms of individual characteristics and social processes. The material comprised a representative sample of 3000 Norwegians aged 17 through 19 years. The response rate was 60.9%. Data were collected by self-administered, anonymous, questionnaires. The campaign consisted of five different elements. The awareness of the elements varied between 50% and 9%. Forty-eight percent reported awareness of at least one element. Six background variables included in a multiple regression model explained only 6% of the variance in awareness of the campaign. In order to illustrate social processes leading to awareness of the campaign, a path model was constructed. Coitus experience, educational aspirations and sex seemed to influence awareness of the campaign through three different paths, in which IPC was included in each path as a intervening variable. Thus, through indirect processes, IPC was mediating the main effects of the three independent variables on awareness. IPC served as a mediating variable between personal characteristics and awareness of the campaign. The results from this study indicate that increasing the adolescents' ability to communicate about sexual topics, are important educational tasks for future prevention of HIV/AIDS.
PubMed ID
10107405 View in PubMed
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[Choice of contraception in relation to sexual activity among younger women in Nuuk/Godthåb (Grönland) and in Nykøbing Falster (Danmark). A population-based cross-sectional study among 1,247 women].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226953
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jan 21;153(4):278-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-21-1991
Author
S K Kjaer
M L Teisen-Simony
B J Haugaard
R B Christensen
E. Lynge
O M Jensen
Author Affiliation
Kreftens Bekaempelse Cancerregisteret, København.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jan 21;153(4):278-81
Date
Jan-21-1991
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Contraception Behavior - statistics & numerical data
Contraceptive Devices, Female
Contraceptive Devices, Male
Contraceptives, Oral
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Female
Greenland
Humans
Intrauterine Devices
Sexual Behavior
Sexually Transmitted Diseases - prevention & control
Abstract
Contraceptive habits in relation to sexual activity were investigated in a population-based cross-sectional investigation. A total of 661 women from Nykøbing Falster and 586 women from Nuuk/Godthåb in Greenland participated. The women, who were in the age group 20-39 years, were selected at random from the census and all underwent a personal interview. Both in Godthåb and in Nykøbing Falster a "non-barrier" method of contraception was the commonest method employed, regardless of the number of sexual partners. In Godthåb, the majority had thus employed IUDs and in Nykøbing Falster, oral contraception was the method most employed. In Godthåb, 9-22% had employed condoms on one or other occasion and the prevalence of this was found to increase with the number of sexual contacts. In Nykøbing Falster 57-63% had employed condoms but no significant variation was observed between various categories of numbers of partners in this area. From the point of view of prevention of sexually transmitted disease, it is striking that among women with greater than or equal to 20 sexual partners, approximately 79% and approximately 40% in Godthåb and Nykøbing Falster, respectively, had never employed condoms or diaphragms. In future, it will be important to investigate the patterns of sexual behaviour in various cultures and their development during the course of time in order to advise a population on the basis of the norms found in the culture concerned.
PubMed ID
1996499 View in PubMed
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56 records – page 1 of 6.