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Modeling organizational justice improvements in a pediatric health service : a discrete-choice conjoint experiment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116699
Source
Patient. 2013;6(1):45-59
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Charles E Cunningham
Linda Kostrzewa
Heather Rimas
Yvonne Chen
Ken Deal
Susan Blatz
Alida Bowman
Don H Buchanan
Randy Calvert
Barbara Jennings
Author Affiliation
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. cunnic@hhsc.ca
Source
Patient. 2013;6(1):45-59
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel
Canada
Child
Child Health Services - organization & administration
Consumer Participation
Female
Hospitals, Pediatric - organization & administration
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Male
Middle Aged
Models, organizational
Nursing Staff, Hospital - organization & administration - psychology
Ontario
Organizational Policy
Patient satisfaction
Questionnaires
Social Environment
Social Justice
Young Adult
Abstract
Patients value health service teams that function effectively. Organizational justice is linked to the performance, health, and emotional adjustment of the members of these teams.
We used a discrete-choice conjoint experiment to study the organizational justice improvement preferences of pediatric health service providers.
Using themes from a focus group with 22 staff, we composed 14 four-level organizational justice improvement attributes. A sample of 652 staff (76 % return) completed 30 choice tasks, each presenting three hospitals defined by experimentally varying the attribute levels.
Latent class analysis yielded three segments. Procedural justice attributes were more important to the Decision Sensitive segment, 50.6 % of the sample. They preferred to contribute to and understand how all decisions were made and expected management to act promptly on more staff suggestions. Interactional justice attributes were more important to the Conduct Sensitive segment (38.5 %). A universal code of respectful conduct, consequences encouraging respectful interaction, and management's response when staff disagreed with them were more important to this segment. Distributive justice attributes were more important to the Benefit Sensitive segment, 10.9 % of the sample. Simulations predicted that, while Decision Sensitive (74.9 %) participants preferred procedural justice improvements, Conduct (74.6 %) and Benefit Sensitive (50.3 %) participants preferred interactional justice improvements. Overall, 97.4 % of participants would prefer an approach combining procedural and interactional justice improvements.
Efforts to create the health service environments that patients value need to be comprehensive enough to address the preferences of segments of staff who are sensitive to different dimensions of organizational justice.
PubMed ID
23371430 View in PubMed
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