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Adverse health reactions in skin, eyes, and respiratory tract among dental personnel in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15729
Source
Swed Dent J. 1998;22(1-2):33-45
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Author
E C Lönnroth
H. Shahnavaz
Author Affiliation
Department of Human Work Sciences, Luleå Technical University, Sweden.
Source
Swed Dent J. 1998;22(1-2):33-45
Date
1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Asthma - epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology
Dental Auxiliaries - statistics & numerical data
Dental Materials - adverse effects
Dentists - statistics & numerical data
Dermatitis, Atopic - epidemiology
Dermatitis, Occupational - epidemiology
Eczema - epidemiology
Eye Diseases - epidemiology
Eye Protective Devices
Female
Gloves, Surgical - adverse effects
Hand Dermatoses - epidemiology
Humans
Latex
Male
Masks
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Permeability
Polymers - adverse effects - chemistry
Prevalence
Resins, Synthetic - adverse effects
Respiratory Tract Diseases - epidemiology
Rhinitis - epidemiology
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal - epidemiology
Skin Diseases - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Vinyl Compounds
Volatilization
Abstract
Dental personnel manually handle products that contain monomers. Several studies have documented adverse health effects after exposure to such products. Gloves made of vinyl or latex are easily penetrated by monomers. Ordinary glasses, or visors, do not protect against vapour from polymer products. Dental face masks filter out about 40% of respirable particles. To survey the prevalence of asthma, atopic dermatitis, conjunctivitis, hay fever/rhinitis, and hand eczema among dental personnel, a questionnaire was distributed to all dental teams in Northern Sweden. Referents were researchers, teachers, and secretaries from the same geographical area. The response rate was 76% for dental teams, and 66% for referents. The results show a significantly higher prevalence of conjunctivitis, and atopic dermatitis among dentists, both male and female. Hypersensitivity to dental materials was reported by significantly more dental personnel than by referents.
PubMed ID
9646391 View in PubMed
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Allergic diseases in Swedish school children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature16151
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand. 1989 Mar;78(2):246-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1989
Author
N. Aberg
I. Engström
U. Lindberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics I, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
Source
Acta Paediatr Scand. 1989 Mar;78(2):246-52
Date
Mar-1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Asthma - epidemiology - genetics
Breast Feeding
Child
Climate
Comparative Study
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology - genetics
Eczema - epidemiology - genetics
Humans
Hypersensitivity - epidemiology - genetics
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Rhinitis - epidemiology - genetics
Rural Population
Sweden
Urban Population
Abstract
The occurrence of allergic diseases in children was studied on the basis of a questionnaire sent to the parents of 20,000 school children, 7, 10 and 14 years of age, in 3 parts of Sweden with different climatic conditions. The prevalence of asthma was 2.4%, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis 7.4%, eczema 7.8% and total allergic diseases 16.9%. The prevalence of all diseases was significantly higher in the northern part of the country than in the southern parts. This geographic variation was not related to heredity, infant feeding pattern or known exposure variables other than the cold and dry climate. Parental history of allergic diseases increased the incidence in the offspring 2-9 times, with a pattern of symptom specificity and a cumulative effect of double parental history. Breast-feeding postponed the onset of allergic disease only in children with double parental history.
PubMed ID
2929348 View in PubMed
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Allergy and allergy-like symptoms in 1,050 medical students.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature16101
Source
Allergy. 1991 Jan;46(1):20-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1991
Author
T. Foucard
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
Allergy. 1991 Jan;46(1):20-6
Date
Jan-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Asthma - drug therapy - epidemiology
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology
Dermatitis, Contact - epidemiology
Eczema - drug therapy - epidemiology
Female
Food Hypersensitivity - epidemiology
Humans
Hypersensitivity - epidemiology
Male
Pollen - immunology
Rhinitis - epidemiology
Students, Medical - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
During a 10-year period 1,050 medical students were questioned regarding allergy and allergy-like symptoms and 612 of them underwent skin prick tests with dog, cat, timothy and birch allergens. Symptoms of eczema, asthma or non-infectious rhinitis, past or current, or current reactions to pollen, furred animals, dust, mould or food were reported by 46% of the students. Three per cent reported present eczema of the flexure type and a further 8% reported past symptoms of the same kind. Current contact e zema was reported by 7% and past contact eczema by a further 3%. Daily treatment with ointments was reported by 52% of the students with current flexure eczema and by 17% with current contact eczema. Current asthma was reported by 5% and past asthma by a further 3%. Of those with current asthma, 88% were allergic to pollens and/or furred animals and 57% used anti-asthmatic drugs for at least 2 weeks/year. Current allergic symptoms in the nose and/or eyes were reported by 29% and a further 2% reported past symptoms. Of those with current symptoms 64% were allergic to pollens and/or furred animals, as judged by the history and skin tests. Almost 60% of the students with pollen allergy used anti-allergic drugs for at least 2 weeks/year. Allergy to pollens was reported by 17%, to animals by 12%, to house dust by 10%, to moulds by 2% and to foods by 15%. Allergy reported and confirmed by a prick test was found in 8% against birch, 6% against timothy, 10% against cat and 5% against dog.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PubMed ID
2018205 View in PubMed
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[Characteristics of several epidemiologic features of suppurative-septic diseases of staphylococcal etiology in obstetric institutions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature248788
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1978 Mar;(3):120-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1978
Author
V F Molotilov
V N Dodonov
K K Gladkova
I A Parchinskaia
V V Korotkov
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1978 Mar;(3):120-4
Date
Mar-1978
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Bacteriophage Typing
Candidiasis, Oral - epidemiology
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology
Endometritis - epidemiology
Female
Hospitals, Maternity
Hospitals, Special
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, newborn, diseases - epidemiology
Mastitis - epidemiology
Moscow
Pregnancy
Puerperal Infection - epidemiology
Pyoderma - epidemiology
Staphylococcal Infections - epidemiology - microbiology
Suppuration
Surgical Wound Infection - epidemiology
Umbilicus
Abstract
The authors studied the frequency of the purulent-septic diseases in puerperants and neonates and the percentage among them of affections of staphylococcus etiology, their seasonal incidence and nidality. The phage-type reference of the strains of staphylococci circulating at the maternity home, and their connection with the staphylococcus carrier state among the personnel and the extent of spread of the purulent-septic diseases was determined. There was revealed an interrelationship between the incidence of recording of the purulent-septic diseases at the maternity home and the level of staphylococcus carrier state among the medical personnel. The sum total positive culture percentage in serous mastitis, endometritis and in case of suture disjunction due to purulent complications was 63.5, and in case of purulent-septic diseases of neonates -- 55--65. Strains belonging to the "epidemic" phage types are widespread at the maternity homes.
PubMed ID
665028 View in PubMed
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Degree and clinical relevance of sensitization to common allergens among adults: a population study in Helsinki, Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature169648
Source
Clin Exp Allergy. 2006 Apr;36(4):503-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2006
Author
P. Pallasaho
E. Rönmark
T. Haahtela
A R A Sovijärvi
B. Lundbäck
Author Affiliation
Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. paula.pallasaho@fimnet.fi
Source
Clin Exp Allergy. 2006 Apr;36(4):503-9
Date
Apr-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Distribution
Allergens - immunology
Asthma - epidemiology - immunology
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology - immunology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Hypersensitivity - epidemiology - immunology
Male
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance - methods
Prevalence
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal - epidemiology - immunology
Risk factors
Skin Tests
Urban health
Abstract
We aimed to assess the prevalence of allergic sensitization and multiple sensitization, risk factors, and the clinical impact of being sensitized in the adult population of Helsinki, Finland.
As a part of the FinEsS study, a population-based random sample of 498 adults aged 26-60 years were tested for 15 common aeroallergens with skin prick tests (SPTs) and interviewed on respiratory symptoms and diseases, including respiratory irritants and childhood environment.
The prevalence of at least one positive prick test was 46.9%. A large difference by age was found: 56.8% were sensitized among those aged 26-39 years, 49.2% in the age group 40-49 years, and 35.6% in the age group 50-60 years (P
PubMed ID
16630156 View in PubMed
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Effect of airborne allergens on emergency visits by children for conjunctivitis and rhinitis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature190822
Source
Lancet. 2002 Mar 16;359(9310):947-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-16-2002
Author
Sabit Cakmak
Robert E Dales
Richard T Burnett
Stan Judek
Frances Coates
Jeffrey R Brook
Source
Lancet. 2002 Mar 16;359(9310):947-8
Date
Mar-16-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - isolation & purification
Allergens - adverse effects - isolation & purification
Child
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology - etiology
Emergency Service, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Female
Hospitals, Pediatric
Humans
Male
Ontario - epidemiology
Pollen - adverse effects
Rhinitis - epidemiology - etiology
Spores, Fungal
Abstract
The effect of fungal spores and pollen grains on morbidity from childhood conjunctivitis and rhinitis is mostly unknown. We therefore studied the association between daily concentrations of these airborne allergens and daily emergency visits to a children hospital between 1993 and 1997. An increase of 551 basidiomycetes spores per m(3), or of 72 ragweed grains per m(3), was associated with an increase of about 10% in visits for conjunctivitis and rhinitis (p
PubMed ID
11918918 View in PubMed
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The effect of enhanced hygiene practices on absences due to infectious diseases among children in day care centers in Helsinki.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature181219
Source
Infection. 2004 Feb;32(1):2-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2004
Author
A. Pönkä
T. Poussa
M. Laosmaa
Author Affiliation
Environmental Health, Environment Center, City of Helsinki, Helsinginkatu 24, HYPERLINKFIN-00530, Helsinki, Finland. antti.ponka@hel.fi
Source
Infection. 2004 Feb;32(1):2-7
Date
Feb-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Distribution
Child Day Care Centers
Child, Preschool
Cluster analysis
Communicable disease control
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Diarrhea - epidemiology - prevention & control
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Hygiene
Incidence
Infant
Intervention Studies
Male
Otitis Media - epidemiology - prevention & control
Primary prevention - methods
Probability
Reference Values
Respiratory Tract Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control
Sex Distribution
Abstract
The occurrence of contagious diseases among children attending day care centers (DCCs) is high. The possibility of reducing absences due to infections with an infection prevention program was investigated.
The intervention study was conducted as an open, controlled cluster study. It included 60 municipal DCCs in one of the seven districts of the City of Helsinki; 228 DCCs in the other six districts served as controls. The main indicator was the occurrence of absences due to upper respiratory tract infections, otitis media, eye infection and diarrhea per child-month.
The intervention reduced the absences due to infections by 26% among under 3-year olds, but not among older children. The same phenomenon was observed when similar paired random control DCCs were compared with the intervention DCCs.
Effective prevention of absences due to infections is possible among under 3-year olds by implementing a simple and inexpensive infection control program.
PubMed ID
15007735 View in PubMed
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Endophthalmitis and severe blebitis following trabeculectomy. Epidemiology and risk factors; a single-centre retrospective study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature260702
Source
Acta Ophthalmol. 2014 Aug;92(5):426-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2014
Author
Örjan Wallin
Abdullah M Al-ahramy
Mats Lundström
Per Montan
Source
Acta Ophthalmol. 2014 Aug;92(5):426-31
Date
Aug-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alkylating Agents - administration & dosage
Case-Control Studies
Cataract Extraction - statistics & numerical data
Conjunctiva - physiology
Conjunctivitis - epidemiology - microbiology
Endophthalmitis - epidemiology - microbiology
Eye Infections, Bacterial - epidemiology - microbiology
Female
Fistula
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Mitomycin - administration & dosage
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Trabeculectomy - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
To study the epidemiology and risk factors of early- and late-onset postoperative endophthalmitis (PE) and severe blebitis following trabeculectomy.
Retrospective, single-centre, observational study with a case-control design in part. Patients sustaining PE and severe blebitis following trabeculectomy or a combined trabeculectomy with a cataract extraction procedure performed from 1990 through 2008 and diagnosed from 1990 through 2012 were recorded at St Erik Eye Hospital. Incidence data were calculated with help from the hospital records. Notes data of cases and of six randomly selected but procedure matched control patients for each case were compared.
The joint rate of infection was 0.46% or 34 incidents in 7402 procedures. The frequency of early (occurring
PubMed ID
24020653 View in PubMed
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25 records – page 1 of 3.