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306 records – page 1 of 31.

[Achievements, tasks and prospects of controlling infectious diseases of children in the Ukrainian SSR]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature43022
Source
Pediatr Akus Ginekol. 1974 May-Jun;3(0):7-10
Publication Type
Article

Admissions to a radiation oncology inpatient service.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature208233
Source
Cancer Prev Control. 1997 Jun;1(2):116-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1997
Author
C R Hayter
W J Mackillop
Author Affiliation
Radiation Oncology Research Unit, Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, Ont. chayter@octrf.on.ca
Source
Cancer Prev Control. 1997 Jun;1(2):116-21
Date
Jun-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Bed Occupancy - statistics & numerical data
Breast Neoplasms - epidemiology - radiotherapy
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology
Comprehensive Health Care - statistics & numerical data
Databases as Topic
Endocrine System Diseases - epidemiology
Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female - epidemiology - radiotherapy
Hospital Information Systems
Hospital Units - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Length of Stay - statistics & numerical data
Lung Neoplasms - epidemiology - radiotherapy
Male
Nervous System Diseases - epidemiology
Ontario - epidemiology
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Patient Discharge - statistics & numerical data
Radiation Oncology - statistics & numerical data
Survival Rate
Urogenital Neoplasms - epidemiology - radiotherapy
Abstract
Although the care of inpatients is an important aspect of radiation oncology practice in many countries, it has never been studied in detail. The goal of this study was to describe the admissions to a radiation oncology inpatient service over a 1-year period with respect to patient characteristics, primary malignancies, common nonmalignant diagnoses, use of radiotherapy and outcome of admission.
Using computerized hospital databases, we analysed the utilization of 11 radiation oncology beds in a 424-bed teaching hospital from March 31, 1991, to April 1, 1992.
There were 342 admissions of 277 patients. The median age was 66.5 years; the male:female ratio was 1:1. The commonest primary neoplastic diagnoses were lung (42%), gynecological (15%), genitourinary (14%) and breast (8%) cancers. Only 17% of the patients had cancer as the sole diagnosis; most patients had multiple medical diagnoses. Infections (22%), neurological (20%), cardiovascular (13%) and endocrine (9%) conditions were the commonest. Mean length of stay was 11.25 days. Most of the admissions (71%) resulted in discharge to the patient's home; few patients (15%) died. Only half of admissions involved radiotherapy, indicating that the focus of patient care was the medical treatment of cancer complications or other active medical problems.
These data show that radiation oncology inpatients have complicated medical problems, and they support the training of radiation oncologists in the comprehensive medical care of patients.
PubMed ID
9765733 View in PubMed
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[Advances and challenges in immunoprophylaxis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132687
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(6):21-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
A A Baranov
V K Tatochenko
L S Namazova-Baranova
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2011;(6):21-7
Date
2011
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Bacterial Vaccines - administration & dosage
Child
Child, Preschool
Communicable Disease Control - history - methods
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Disease Outbreaks - prevention & control
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Immunization Programs
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Preventive Health Services - standards - trends
Russia - epidemiology
Vaccination - history - standards - trends
Vaccines, Combined - administration & dosage
Viral Vaccines - administration & dosage
Abstract
A significant progress in the management of controllable infections achieved by the early XXI century made it possible eliminate poliomyelitis across the nation, and practically eliminate measeles by vaccinating 96-99% of the children without raising the complication rate. The list of counterindications was shortened significantly, the Calendar of immunoprophylaxis was supplemented by inoculations against hepatitis B, rubella, flu, and type b Haemophilis influenzae infections. Morbidity of controllable infections in Russia decreased substantially compared with that in the 1990s. Nevertheless, the public health services are faced with the necessity of speedy application of new vaccines (including combined ones) allowing the inoculation impact on the child to be reduced. A rationale for the use of vaccines against pneumococcal and meningococcal infections, hepatitis A, varicella and for scaling up anti-pertussis vaccination coverage is proposed. Equally important is more extensive vaccination against papillomavirus infection as a means of cervical cancer prevention and introduction of the rotavirus vaccine to control most viral diarrheas.
PubMed ID
21789797 View in PubMed
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[A functional subsystem of sanitary-and-epidemiological situation surveillance of the unified state system for prevention and elimination of emergence situations].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132133
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 May-Jun;(3):4-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
G G Onishchenko
V Iu Smolenskii
Source
Gig Sanit. 2011 May-Jun;(3):4-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology
Emergency Medical Services - organization & administration
Humans
Population Surveillance - methods
Russia - epidemiology
Sanitation - methods
Abstract
Mass destructions of the social infrastructure and household systems under stressors in the areas of emergency situations involve marked sanitary-and-epidemiological problems in a region's population, which in turn give rise to the activation of routes of transmission and formation of infectious and parasitic diseases. The most important lines of activities of supervising the sanitary-and-epidemiological situation under emergencies are to timely assess the sanitary-and-epidemiological situation, to predict, to organize, and to correct sanitary-and-antiepidemic measures.
PubMed ID
21845768 View in PubMed
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Agent-based modeling of the spread of influenza-like illness in an emergency department: a simulation study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132467
Source
IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2011 Nov;15(6):877-89
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2011
Author
Marek Laskowski
Bryan C P Demianyk
Julia Witt
Shamir N Mukhi
Marcia R Friesen
Robert D McLeod
Author Affiliation
Internet Innovation Centre, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. mareklaskowski@gmail.com
Source
IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2011 Nov;15(6):877-89
Date
Nov-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada - epidemiology
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology - transmission
Computer simulation
Cross Infection - transmission
Decision Support Techniques
Emergency Service, Hospital - organization & administration
Humans
Infection Control - methods
Influenza, Human - epidemiology - transmission
Least-Squares Analysis
Models, organizational
Models, Statistical
Abstract
The objective of this paper was to develop an agent-based modeling framework in order to simulate the spread of influenza virus infection on a layout based on a representative hospital emergency department in Winnipeg, Canada. In doing so, the study complements mathematical modeling techniques for disease spread, as well as modeling applications focused on the spread of antibiotic-resistant nosocomial infections in hospitals. Twenty different emergency department scenarios were simulated, with further simulation of four infection control strategies. The agent-based modeling approach represents systems modeling, in which the emergency department was modeled as a collection of agents (patients and healthcare workers) and their individual characteristics, behaviors, and interactions. The framework was coded in C++ using Qt4 libraries running under the Linux operating system. A simple ordinary least squares (OLS) regression was used to analyze the data, in which the percentage of patients that became infected in one day within the simulation was the dependent variable. The results suggest that within the given instance context, patient-oriented infection control policies (alternate treatment streams, masking symptomatic patients) tend to have a larger effect than policies that target healthcare workers. The agent-based modeling framework is a flexible tool that can be made to reflect any given environment; it is also a decision support tool for practitioners and policymakers to assess the relative impact of infection control strategies. The framework illuminates scenarios worthy of further investigation, as well as counterintuitive findings.
PubMed ID
21813364 View in PubMed
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306 records – page 1 of 31.