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43 records – page 1 of 5.

[A databank on Russian families with hereditary neuromuscular diseases].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature201190
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1999;99(7):52-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
I N Lunga
S S Shishkin
N I Shakhovskaia
N L Gerasimova
D I Zelinskaia
A A Khodunova
V A Shakhovskii
M A Tarksh
I N Krakhmaleva
Source
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1999;99(7):52-4
Date
1999
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Commonwealth of Independent States - epidemiology
Databases, Factual - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Neuromuscular Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - genetics
Postal Service
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Random Allocation
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
The information about 5 thousands Russian families with hereditary neuromuscular disorders (HNMD) was collected by means of both different genetic epidemiological methods and authors' own observations. On the basis of this material a computer database MYODYS in Excel 5.0 format was created, which included information about 30 different signs concerning 1920 families from 70 regions of Russia. The study of the data, included in MYODYS, revealed several problems in practical diagnosis of HNMD in Russia. It is necessary to resolve these important problems for correct genetic consulting and treatment. MYODYS database may serve as a basis for elaboration of a special complex programme for long-term support of the families with NNMD in Russia.
PubMed ID
10441854 View in PubMed
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[Analysis of main trends in domestic and foreign research on ecological and health aspects of environmental protection in 1990-1991]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36290
Source
Gig Sanit. 1993 May;(5):50-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1993

[Beta-thalassemia and Hb D in patients with anemia]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature33916
Source
Klin Lab Diagn. 1998 Mar;(3):16-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1998
Author
O V Troitskaia
L A Antonova
I G Lozhechnik
O V Toshchan
Source
Klin Lab Diagn. 1998 Mar;(3):16-23
Date
Mar-1998
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Anemia - complications - diagnosis
Child
Child, Preschool
Commonwealth of Independent States - epidemiology
Comparative Study
Electrophoresis, Cellulose Acetate
English Abstract
Ethnic Groups
Female
Hemoglobinopathies - diagnosis - epidemiology - genetics
Hemoglobins, Abnormal - analysis
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Pedigree
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic - diagnosis
beta-Thalassemia - diagnosis - epidemiology
Abstract
Twelve patients with anemias and their close relatives were examined: 8 adults (3 men and 5 women) and 4 children (3 boys and 1 girl). Six of them were Armenians, 1 woman was Russian, and the rest were of mixed origin: 3 Russian-Azerbaijan-Ukrainian, 1 child Russian-Ukrainian-African, and 1 woman Russian-Ukrainian. Hemoglobinopathies were detected in 10 subjects from 4 families (3 families from Donetsk and 1 from Moscow). Homozygotic beta-thalassemia major (Hb F 98.9%) was diagnosed in a 2-year-old Armenian girl from Donetsk. The girl lags behind in development and suffers from anemia with hepatosplenomegaly and jaundice. Heterozygotic beta-thalassemia minor with increased levels of Hb A2 and Hb F was diagnosed in her parents (Armenians from Azerbaijan). A 15-year-old Russian-Azerbaijan-Ukrainian boy from another family in Donetsk had beta-thalassemia with HbD (94%). The boy suffers from anemia with hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, and chronic hepatitis. Heterozygotic beta-thalassemia with increased levels of Hb A2 and Hb F was revealed in proband's mother and brother; the father was not examined. alpha-Thalassemia is suspected in a 3-year-old boy from a Russian-Ukrainian-African family in Donetsk; he presented with a very small "fast" abnormal hemoglobin fraction. The boy suffers from anemia with splenomegaly and systolic murmur. Blurred form of thalassemia minor is diagnosed in the mother. The father, an African from Zaire, was not examined. Heterozygotic beta-thalassemia with increased Hb A2 level was revealed in a 20-year-old Armenian boy from Moscow. He presented with manifest splenomegaly, chronic gastritis, and mitral valve prolapse. His mother suffers from thalassemia minor, was anemic during pregnancy, and there are cases of anemia in the family. No hematologic disorders were found in the father. No hemoglobinopathies were detected in a 59-year-old Russian women from the town of Tver with very grave anemia; apparently, her condition was acquired, but not hereditary. Data on patients in the city of Donetsk are of special interest, for there are virtually no reports about hemoglobinopathies in the Ukraine.
PubMed ID
9575728 View in PubMed
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Biomaterial development in Russia and the independent states.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213380
Source
ASAIO J. 1996 Jan-Feb;42(1):4-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
V I Sevastianov
Author Affiliation
Center for Blood Compatible Biomaterials, Research Institute of Transplantology and Artificial Organs, Moscow, Russia.
Source
ASAIO J. 1996 Jan-Feb;42(1):4-7
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adsorption
Biocompatible Materials
Biodegradation, Environmental
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Commonwealth of Independent States
Humans
Ophthalmology
Prostheses and Implants
Research
Russia
PubMed ID
8808448 View in PubMed
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[Changes in the course of atherosclerosis occurring over a 25-year period in the male population of 9 cities of the CIS and Baltic countries].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216491
Source
Ter Arkh. 1995;67(1):26-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
1995
Author
V S Zhdanov
A M Vikhert
I E Galakhov
I P Drobkova
V P Alekseev
N V Berdnikova
V A Volkov
A M Lifshits
E S Protsenko
O V Tushemilov
Source
Ter Arkh. 1995;67(1):26-30
Date
1995
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aortic Diseases - epidemiology - pathology
Arteriosclerosis - epidemiology - pathology
Baltic States - epidemiology
Commonwealth of Independent States - epidemiology
Coronary Artery Disease - epidemiology - pathology
Disease Progression
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Time Factors
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The trends in atherosclerosis presentation were followed up pathomorphologically in a two-stage epidemiological survey performed in 9 cities of CIC and Baltic states at 25-year interval. The investigations were conducted in accordance with WHO program. Stage 1 (1963-1968) covered 6121 cases, stage 2 (1985-1989) included 9201 cases. The material was collected on the condition of aortas and coronary arteries from 20-59-year-old males who were residents of the cities of Irkutsk, Yakutsk, Tallin, Tartu, Riga, Kharkov, Yalta, Ashkhabad, Bishkek. The 2-stage examinations gave evidence for growing severity of atherosclerosis. Risk factor analysis demonstrated an increase in the percentage of males with diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension, in the percentage of overweight males and of those with atherosclerosis engaged in mental work. It is found that atherosclerosis undergoes changes within the life of one generation (for 20-25 years).
PubMed ID
7709350 View in PubMed
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Coping with the stress of immigration among new immigrants to Israel from Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) who were exposed to Chernobyl: the effect of age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46333
Source
Int J Aging Hum Dev. 1998;46(4):305-18
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Author
J. Cwikel
U. Rozovski
Author Affiliation
Spitzer Dept. of Social Work, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba, Israel.
Source
Int J Aging Hum Dev. 1998;46(4):305-18
Date
1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation - psychology
Acculturation
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Age Factors
Aged - psychology
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Commonwealth of Independent States - ethnology
Depression - epidemiology
Emigration and Immigration - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Israel - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Power Plants
Psychophysiologic Disorders - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - epidemiology
Ukraine
Abstract
This study examined the differential effect of age on coping and psychological measures among immigrants from Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) to Israel. Some of these immigrants originated in the Republics adjacent to the Chernobyl Power Plant, site of the 1986 accident. The sample consisted of 708 immigrants who were interviewed between the years 1993-1995 with an average age of 47.5 (sd 11.8). This sample was reinterviewed approximately a year and three months later (n = 520). The sample included two exposure groups--high exposed and low exposed based on the estimated levels of ground cesium contamination from the IAEA maps and a comparison group matched by age, gender, and year of immigration. Those over the age of sixty-five were disadvantaged, compared to those aged fifty to sixty-four, and younger, when it came to the tasks of immigrant absorption; learning the language, working and acquiring an income, and establishing alternative social networks which could offer support in times of illness. The psychological variables showed that over time, somatization, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms related to Chernobyl improved, however at a much slower pace for older immigrants (aged 55 and over) compared to younger ones.
PubMed ID
9650067 View in PubMed
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[Current problems of occupational medicine in mining enterprises of the North]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature75087
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1996;(6):33-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996
Author
N I Meniailo
A V Kal'ianov
Source
Med Tr Prom Ekol. 1996;(6):33-5
Date
1996
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cold Climate
Commonwealth of Independent States
English Abstract
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - prevention & control
Occupational Health
Siberia
Work Schedule Tolerance
Abstract
The article deals with causes of occupational diseases (including those due to complex factors) among miners in Far North and other regions of CIS. The authors present main principles for more healthy work conditions with considerations of climate surroundings.
PubMed ID
8925233 View in PubMed
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Determinants of smoking in eight countries of the former Soviet Union: results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature51929
Source
Addiction. 2004 Dec;99(12):1577-85
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2004
Author
Joceline Pomerleau
Anna Gilmore
Martin McKee
Richard Rose
Christian W Haerpfer
Author Affiliation
European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. Joceline.Pomerleau@lshtm.ac.uk
Source
Addiction. 2004 Dec;99(12):1577-85
Date
Dec-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Commonwealth of Independent States - epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Life Style
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Risk factors
Smoking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
AIMS: To provide accurate and timely data on the determinants of smoking in countries of the former Soviet Union in order to facilitate the development of effective tobacco control policies in the region. Such data are urgently needed given the absence of accurate comparative data in the region and the recent changes experienced. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys using standardized methods and representative samples of the adult population in eight former Soviet Union countries conducted as part of the EU-Copernicus Project Living Conditions, Lifestyle, and Health study. SETTING: Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 18 428 adults aged 18 plus; response rates 71-88%. MEASUREMENTS: The association of smoking with demographic and socio-economic factors was investigated using multiple logistic regression analyses, stratifying by gender. FINDINGS: Age was a strong determinant of smoking in both genders, with elderly individuals being less likely to smoke. Men who were more socially disadvantaged (less educated, poorer economic situation and/or less social support) were more likely to smoke. In women, living in larger urban areas was the strongest predictor of smoking. Divorced, separated or widowed women were also more likely to smoke than married women. Muslim respondents smoked less frequently compared with other respondents. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking is a major public health issue in the FSU particularly affecting socially vulnerable men and young women living in urbanized areas. These high-risk groups should be targeted in future smoking prevention and cessation strategies in the region.
PubMed ID
15585049 View in PubMed
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43 records – page 1 of 5.