BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study reviewed the case mix, clinical management, and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing colorectal resection in five European centres performing different forms of conventional or 'fast-track' perioperative care. METHODS: The perioperative care programme and surgical practice in each centre was defined. Patient data were collected by case-note review on an internet-based audit system. Case mix was determined using ASA classification and the P-POSSUM scoring system. RESULTS: A total of 451 consecutive patients from units practicing either conventional (Sweden, n=109; UK, n=87; Netherlands, n=76, Norway, n=61) or fast-track surgery (Denmark, n=118), were studied between 1998 and 2001. Elements of perioperative practice varied widely both between units practicing 'traditional' care and the reference 'fast-track' unit (Denmark). Based on the P-POSSUM scores, the case mix was similar between centres. There were no differences in morbidity or 30-day mortality between the different centres. The median length of stay was 2 days in Denmark and 7-9 days in the other centres (P
Meta-analyses demonstrate that surveillance following curative-intent colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery can improve survival. Our multidisciplinary team adopted a stringent CRC follow-up (FU) guideline in 2000. The purpose of this study was to assess adherence and barriers to FU for CRC.
Patients with primary CRC aged 19-75 years, treated with curative intent surgery from July 2000 to December 2002 were identified from a prospective database. Compliance with FU was assessed primarily by chart review. We also surveyed patients and providers to explore attitudes and barriers to surveillance adherence using tenets of the Health Belief Model.
96 patients met inclusion criteria and were appropriate for FU. Median FU was 34 months. Guideline targets were met for 70% of clinic visits; 49% of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) determinations; and 62% of abdominal imaging studies. Post-operative colonoscopy did not occur in 6/93 patients. Seventy per cent of health care providers and 55% of patients completed a survey. Access to testing and confusion about which provider orders investigations were identified as important barriers to FU.
Patterns of CRC FU were widely variable despite implementation of a guideline. Despite patient and provider agreement with the principles of CRC FU, adoption was inhibited by confusion among multiple providers regarding investigation coordination.
Unplanned perioperative hypothermia is a well-known complication to anesthesia. This study compares esophageal and nasopharyngeal temperature measured in the same patient for a period of 210 minutes of anesthesia. Forty-three patients undergoing colorectal surgery were randomly assigned in 2 groups, with or without a prewarming period (group A = prewarming [n = 21] or group B = no prewarming [n = 22]). Demographics were similar in both groups. Mean temperatures at 210 minutes were statistically different between the groups at both sites of measurement. Esophageal temperature in group A was 36.5 ? 0.6 vs 35.8 ? 0.7 in group B (P = .001), and nasopharyngeal temperature was 36.7 ? 0.6 and 36.0 ? 0.6 in group A and group B, respectively (P = .002). A negative correlation was found between esophageal temperature and age (r2 = -.381, P
Little performance measurement has been undertaken in the area of oncology, particularly for surgery, which is a pivotal event in the continuum of cancer care. This work was conducted to develop indicators of quality for colorectal cancer surgery, using a 3-step modified Delphi approach.
A multidisciplinary panel, comprising surgical and methodological co-chairs, 9 surgeons, a medical oncologist, a radiation oncologist, a nurse and a pathologist, reviewed potential indicators extracted from the medical literature through 2 consecutive rounds of rating followed by consensus discussion. The panel then prioritized the indicators selected in the previous 2 rounds.
Of 45 possible indicators that emerged from 30 selected articles, 15 were prioritized by the panel as benchmarks for assessing the quality of surgical care. The 15 indicators represent 3 levels of measurement (provincial/regional, hospital, individual provider) across several phases of care (diagnosis, surgery, adjuvant therapy, pathology and follow-up), as well as broad measures of access and outcome. The indicators selected by the panel were more often supported by evidence than those that were discarded.
This project represents a unique initiative, and the results may be applicable to colorectal cancer surgery in any jurisdiction.
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Cites: Int J Qual Health Care. 2000 Aug;12(4):281-9510985266
The performance indicators of city hospital oncological proctological department have been analysed before and after the introduction of the program of quality management to medical care. The detailed analysis of indexes with the use of methods of variation statistics allowed to confirm positive influence of organizational experiment on intensification of the use of bed fund for oncological patients and improvement of performance indicators, in particular, frequencies of postoperative complications.
Endoscopic submucosal dissection is a minimally invasive endoscopic technique for the removal of gastrointestinal tumours that is increasingly being used for colonic neoplasms to spare resection of colon in selected patients. Colonic endoscopic submucosal dissection is technically challenging and was initially pioneered in Japan but increasingly used in selected western centres. Its use in Canada is currently limited, and the authors review the challenges and opportunities, in addition to the unique training infrastructure required to practice the procedure under supervision. Specific tools are required to perform endoscopic submucosal dissection and meticulous attention to detail is essential. The authors provide a combined Japanese and Canadian perspective to this technique, and discuss training and performance of endoscopic submucosal dissection as well as potential indications.
Local recurrences are more common after abdominoperineal excision (APE) than after anterior resection of rectal cancer. Extralevator APE was introduced to address this problem. This prospective registry-based population study aims to investigate the efficacy of extralevator APE (ELAPE) in improving short-term oncological outcome.
All Swedish patients operated with any kind of abdominoperineal excision and registered in the Swedish Rectal Cancer Registry 2007-2009 were included (n?=?1,397) and analyzed with emphasis on the perineal part of the operation. Short-term perioperative and oncological results were collected from the registry.
Extralevator APE did not result in fewer intraoperative perforations or involved circumferential resection margins as compared to standard APE for the entire group. Intraoperative perforations were significantly fewer for patients with low tumours (=4 cm) (ELAPE: n?=?28/386 versus APE: n?=?9/58) (p?=?0.043) and for early (T0-T2) T-stages (ELAPE: n?=?3/172 versus APE: n?=?6/75) (p?=?0.025). There were significantly more post-operative wound infections for ELAPE than for APE (n?=?106 (20.4 %) versus n?=?25 (12.0 %), p?=?0.011).
The short-term results indicate that selective use of extralevator APE can be warranted, for example, for subgroups with low tumours. In conclusion, selective use of the extralevator APE is advocated as not all patients seem to benefit from the technique, and there are significantly more short-term complications after extralevator APE.
Cites: Int J Colorectal Dis. 2011 Jul;26(7):919-2521350936
Cites: Int J Colorectal Dis. 2011 Oct;26(10):1227-4021603901