Skip header and navigation

2 records – page 1 of 1.

Assaultive behaviour in psychiatrically hospitalized elderly: a response to psychosocial stimulation and changes in pharmacotherapy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature197706
Source
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000 Jul;15(7):582-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2000
Author
M. Wystanski
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000 Jul;15(7):582-5
Date
Jul-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aggression - drug effects - psychology
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders - drug therapy - psychology
Female
Hospitals, Psychiatric - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Inpatients - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Ontario
Psychotropic Drugs - adverse effects
Violence - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The objective of this naturalistic, non-experimental study was to observe and evaluate the relationship between psychosocial stimulation and changes in medications, and the emergence of the assaultive behaviour, as well as its 24-h course, in a psychogeriatric ward. The assaultive behaviour in 29 patients (mean age 73.9 years) was rated daily for three consecutive months. Major psychosocial stimuli and the number of medication changes were also recorded. More patients with organic brain syndromes than with non-organic conditions were aggressive. Those with organic syndromes were more likely to become aggressive within any 24 h period and their aggression was less likely to disappear. The rate with which aggression emerged changed following changes in psychotropic medications. The presence of psychosocial stimulation and changes in non-psychotropic medications modified the rate of disappearance of the aggression. In a psychogeriatric inpatient population, both prevalence and incidence of aggression, as well as its response to modifying factors, depends critically on pathogenesis. The emergence and disappearance of aggression are modified by different factors.
PubMed ID
10918337 View in PubMed
Less detail

Change in psychotropic drug use in Norwegian nursing homes between 2004 and 2011.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297761
Source
Int Psychogeriatr. 2018 03; 30(3):385-394
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
03-2018
Author
G Selbæk
S I M Janus
S Bergh
K Engedal
S Ruths
A S Helvik
J Šaltyte Benth
S U Zuidema
Author Affiliation
Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Ageing and Health,Vestfold Hospital Trust,Tønsberg,Norway.
Source
Int Psychogeriatr. 2018 03; 30(3):385-394
Date
03-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Behavioral Symptoms - drug therapy - psychology
Cognition Disorders - drug therapy - psychology
Cohort Studies
Dementia - drug therapy - psychology
Drug Utilization - statistics & numerical data
Female
Homes for the Aged
Humans
Length of Stay - statistics & numerical data
Male
Norway - epidemiology
Nursing Homes - statistics & numerical data
Psychotic Disorders - drug therapy - epidemiology
Psychotropic Drugs - administration & dosage - therapeutic use
Abstract
ABSTRACTBackground:We aimed to assess whether there were any changes in the use of psychotropic drugs in Norwegian nursing homes between 2004 and 2011. Also, we investigated whether the predictors of use of specific psychotropic drug groups have changed.
We conducted a secondary analysis of two cohort studies of two Norwegian nursing home samples (2004/05 and 2010/11). Multivariate models were applied.
We found a significant decrease in the prescription of antipsychotic drugs between 2004 and 2011 (0.63 OR, 95%CI = 0.49-0.82, p
PubMed ID
28988552 View in PubMed
Less detail