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Human infectious diseases and the changing climate in the Arctic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298985
Source
Environ Int. 2018 12; 121(Pt 1):703-713
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Date
12-2018
Author
Audrey Waits
Anastasia Emelyanova
Antti Oksanen
Khaled Abass
Arja Rautio
Author Affiliation
Arctic Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Finland.
Source
Environ Int. 2018 12; 121(Pt 1):703-713
Date
12-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Keywords
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Climate
Climate change
Communicable Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Humans
Weather
Abstract
Climatic factors, especially temperature, precipitation, and humidity play an important role in disease transmission. As the Arctic changes at an unprecedented rate due to climate change, understanding how climatic factors and climate change affect infectious disease rates is important for minimizing human and economic costs. The purpose of this systematic review was to compile recent studies in the field and compare the results to a previously published review. English language searches were conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and PLOS One. Russian language searches were conducted in the Scientific Electronic Library "eLibrary.ru". This systematic review yielded 22 articles (51%) published in English and 21 articles (49%) published in Russian since 2012. Articles about zoonotic and vector-borne diseases accounted for 67% (n?=?29) of the review. Tick-borne diseases, tularemia, anthrax, and vibriosis were the most researched diseases likely to be impacted by climatic factors in the Arctic. Increased temperature and precipitation are predicted to have the greatest impact on infectious diseases in the Arctic.
PubMed ID
30317100 View in PubMed
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Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as sentinels for the elucidation of Arctic environmental change processes: a comprehensive review combined with ArcRisk project results.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299344
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Aug; 25(23):22499-22528
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Date
Aug-2018
Author
Pernilla Carlsson
Knut Breivik
Eva Brorström-Lundén
Ian Cousins
Jesper Christensen
Joan O Grimalt
Crispin Halsall
Roland Kallenborn
Khaled Abass
Gerhard Lammel
John Munthe
Matthew MacLeod
Jon Øyvind Odland
Janet Pawlak
Arja Rautio
Lars-Otto Reiersen
Martin Schlabach
Irene Stemmler
Simon Wilson
Henry Wöhrnschimmel
Author Affiliation
Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), 0349, Oslo, Norway. pernilla.carlsson@niva.no.
Source
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Aug; 25(23):22499-22528
Date
Aug-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis
Air Pollution - statistics & numerical data
Animals
Arctic Regions
Climate change
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Humans
Ice
Models, Theoretical
Oceans and Seas
Polychlorinated biphenyls - analysis
Rivers - chemistry
Seasons
Soil Pollutants - analysis
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Abstract
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can be used as chemical sentinels for the assessment of anthropogenic influences on Arctic environmental change. We present an overview of studies on PCBs in the Arctic and combine these with the findings from ArcRisk-a major European Union-funded project aimed at examining the effects of climate change on the transport of contaminants to and their behaviour of in the Arctic-to provide a case study on the behaviour and impact of PCBs over time in the Arctic. PCBs in the Arctic have shown declining trends in the environment over the last few decades. Atmospheric long-range transport from secondary and primary sources is the major input of PCBs to the Arctic region. Modelling of the atmospheric PCB composition and behaviour showed some increases in environmental concentrations in a warmer Arctic, but the general decline in PCB levels is still the most prominent feature. 'Within-Arctic' processing of PCBs will be affected by climate change-related processes such as changing wet deposition. These in turn will influence biological exposure and uptake of PCBs. The pan-Arctic rivers draining large Arctic/sub-Arctic catchments provide a significant source of PCBs to the Arctic Ocean, although changes in hydrology/sediment transport combined with a changing marine environment remain areas of uncertainty with regard to PCB fate. Indirect effects of climate change on human exposure, such as a changing diet will influence and possibly reduce PCB exposure for indigenous peoples. Body burdens of PCBs have declined since the 1980s and are predicted to decline further.
PubMed ID
29956262 View in PubMed
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