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221 records – page 1 of 23.

Aetiology of severe demarcated enamel opacities--an evaluation based on prospective medical and social data from 17,000 children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101274
Source
Swed Dent J. 2011;35(2):57-67
Publication Type
Article
Date
2011
Author
Tobias G Fagrell
Johnny Ludvigsson
Christer Ullbro
Sven-Ake Lundin
Göran Koch
Author Affiliation
Paediatric Dentistry, Special Dental Services, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Mölndal, Sweden.
Source
Swed Dent J. 2011;35(2):57-67
Date
2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Breast Feeding
Case-Control Studies
Child
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Dental Enamel - drug effects - pathology
Dental Enamel Hypoplasia - epidemiology - etiology - pathology
Female
Humans
Incisor - pathology
Infant
Molar - pathology
Pregnancy
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
During the 1970s dentists reported an increasing prevalence of a "new" type of enamel disturbance.The disturbance was very specific, with areas of demarcated hypomineralised enamel, and was mostly found in permanent first molars and incisors. Several studies have tried to reveal the aetiology behind the enamel disturbance but sofar no clear factors correlated have been found. The aim of the present study was to evaluate aetiological factors to severe demarcated opacities (SDO) in first permanent molars in a large cohort of children enrolled in the "All Babies in Southeast Sweden" (ABIS) project. ABIS is a prospective study of all children in five Swedish counties born between Oct 1, 1997 and Oct 1, 1999, in all about 17,000 children.They have been followed from birth with recording of a large number of factors on nutrition, diseases, medication, infections, social situation etc. With help from 89 Public Dental Service clinics in the same area preliminary examinations of the children, born between Oct 1,1997 and Oct 1,1999, reported 595 children with severe demarcated opacities (SDO) in first molars.These children and a randomly selected age matched group of 1,200 children were further invited to be examined by specialists in paediatric dentistry. At these examinations 224 severe cases were identified as well as 253 children completely without enamel disturbances among children registered in ABIS.These two groups were analysed according to any correlation between SDO and variables in the ABIS databank. The analyses showed no association between SDO and pre-, peri-, and neonatal data. However, we found a positive association between SDO and breastfeeding for more than 6 months (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.1-3.2), late introduction of gruel (OR 1.9; 95% CI 1.1-2.9), and late introduction of infant formula (OR 1.8; 95% CI 1.2-2.9). A combination of these three variables increased the risk to develop SDO by more than five times (OR 5.1; 95% CI 1.6-15.7). No significant associations were found to other environmental, developmental, or medical factors. We conclude that nutritional conditions during first 6 months of life may influence the risk to develop severe demarcated opacities in first permanent molars.
PubMed ID
21827015 View in PubMed
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[A hygienic appraisal of the actual nutrition and nutritional status of boarding school pupils in the Komi Republic].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature211957
Source
Gig Sanit. 1996 May-Jun;(3):20-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
A V Istomin
I G Mikhailov
A L Kozlova
Source
Gig Sanit. 1996 May-Jun;(3):20-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Diet
Energy intake
Energy Metabolism
Humans
Nutritional Status
Russia
Seasons
Vitamins - administration & dosage
Abstract
Energy expenditure, physical and mental capacity for work, ascorbic acid excretion, basic foodstuff supply were investigated in 7-9-year-old pupils from boarding schools. Specific features of the alimentary state of the children were used as a basis for working out hygienic recommendations to improve children's diets and health.
PubMed ID
8925956 View in PubMed
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The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) cohort study: rationale and methods.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122539
Source
Matern Child Nutr. 2014 Jan;10(1):44-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2014
Author
Bonnie J Kaplan
Gerald F Giesbrecht
Brenda M Y Leung
Catherine J Field
Deborah Dewey
Rhonda C Bell
Donna P Manca
Maeve O'Beirne
David W Johnston
Victor J Pop
Nalini Singhal
Lisa Gagnon
Francois P Bernier
Misha Eliasziw
Linda J McCargar
Libbe Kooistra
Anna Farmer
Marja Cantell
Laki Goonewardene
Linda M Casey
Nicole Letourneau
Jonathan W Martin
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Department of Family Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Department of Family Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Primary Health Care, University of Tilburg, Tilburg, The Netherlands Department of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Medical Genetics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Department of Teaching & Research Support, University of Groningen, The Netherlands Clinical & Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands Department of Paediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Department of Lab Medicine and Pathology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Source
Matern Child Nutr. 2014 Jan;10(1):44-60
Date
Jan-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alberta
Anthropometry
Child Development
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Energy intake
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Linear Models
Longitudinal Studies
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Multivariate Analysis
Neurons - metabolism
Nutritional Status
Pilot Projects
Pregnancy
Pregnancy outcome
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study is an ongoing prospective cohort study that recruits pregnant women early in pregnancy and, as of 2012, is following up their infants to 3 years of age. It has currently enrolled approximately 5000 Canadians (2000 pregnant women, their offspring and many of their partners). The primary aims of the APrON study were to determine the relationships between maternal nutrient intake and status, before, during and after gestation, and (1) maternal mood; (2) birth and obstetric outcomes; and (3) infant neurodevelopment. We have collected comprehensive maternal nutrition, anthropometric, biological and mental health data at multiple points in the pregnancy and the post-partum period, as well as obstetrical, birth, health and neurodevelopmental outcomes of these pregnancies. The study continues to follow the infants through to 36 months of age. The current report describes the study design and methods, and findings of some pilot work. The APrON study is a significant resource with opportunities for collaboration.
PubMed ID
22805165 View in PubMed
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American Institute of Nutrition, The American Society for Clinical Nutrition, and The Nutrition Society of Canada. Third joint meeting, 1979. Abstracts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature247166
Source
Am J Clin Nutr. 1979 Jun;32(6):i-xxxiv
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
Jun-1979

[An epidemiological index to assess the nutritional status of children based in a polynomial model of values from Z punctuation for the age in Mexico].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature178648
Source
Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2004 Mar;54(1):50-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2004
Author
A. Avila-Curiel
T. Shamah
L. Barragán
A. Chávez
Maria Avila
L. Juárez
Author Affiliation
Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública de México.
Source
Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2004 Mar;54(1):50-7
Date
Mar-2004
Language
Spanish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Body Weight
Child Nutrition Disorders - epidemiology
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Nutrition Disorders - epidemiology
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Infant, Newborn
Male
Mexico - epidemiology
Models, Statistical
Nutrition Disorders - epidemiology
Nutritional Status
Abstract
A nutritional status index was built by modeling the mathematical function of the mean Z scores of weight for age, from 60,079 children under five years of age, selected in a probabilistic fashion from the Mexican population. The most precise mathematical model was a fifth degree polynomial. The correlation coefficient was between .937
PubMed ID
15332356 View in PubMed
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Are children from Crete abandoning a Mediterranean diet?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91231
Source
Rural Remote Health. 2008 Oct-Dec;8(4):1034
Publication Type
Article
Author
Karlén J.
Lowert Y.
Chatziarsenis M.
Fälth-Magnusson K.
Faresjö T.
Author Affiliation
Community Medicine, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden. jerka@ihs.liu.se
Source
Rural Remote Health. 2008 Oct-Dec;8(4):1034
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Attitude to Health
Child
Child Nutritional Physiology Phenomena
Child Welfare - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Cohort Studies
Diet Surveys
Diet, Mediterranean - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Food Habits - psychology
Greece
Humans
Life Style
Male
Parent-Child Relations
Questionnaires
Rural Population - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean countries such as Greece have experienced rapid social change in the last decade. These community changes affect nutritional habits and there is a tendency for the traditional healthy Mediterranean diet to be abandoned. METHODS: The parents of children from one rural Greek village on Crete (Neapolis), and one rural village in Sweden (Kisa) were invited to their primary health care centers for an interview and to fill in a validated nutrition questionnaire, KidMed. RESULTS: There were no differences (p = 0.48) in total KidMed score between the Cretan and Swedish children, adjusted for gender and age. However, there were some significant differences in scores on certain KidMed questions. Parents of the Cretan children reported significantly higher daily use of olive oil at home and more regular nut consumption, but also more commercially baked goods or pastries for breakfast. The parents of Swedish children reported significantly higher use of cereals, grains or bread for breakfast. The mean BMIs were similar for the Cretan (Neapolis mean 16.8, 95% CI 13.5-23.0) and for the Swedish children (Kisa mean 17.4, 95% CI 13.7-25.5) CONCLUSION: The results suggest the possibility of changing nutritional habits, measurable among young children in rural areas. The study raises the question of whether Cretan children may have abandoned some aspects of the traditional Mediterranean diet. It may also be that Swedish children have changed their diet in favor of a more Mediterranean food choice. The major limitation of the study is the small sample size, and further, larger studies are warranted.
PubMed ID
19014272 View in PubMed
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Are snacking patterns associated with risk of overweight among Kahnawake schoolchildren?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature149332
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2010 Feb;13(2):163-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2010
Author
Genevieve Mercille
Olivier Receveur
Ann C Macaulay
Author Affiliation
Ecole de santé publique, Université de Montréal, PO Box 6128, Downtown Station, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3C 3J7. genevieve.mercille.1@umontreal.ca
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2010 Feb;13(2):163-71
Date
Feb-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Analysis of Variance
Body mass index
Chi-Square Distribution
Child
Child Nutrition Sciences - education
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Choice Behavior
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet - standards
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake - physiology
Feeding Behavior
Female
Humans
Indians, North American - statistics & numerical data
Logistic Models
Male
Nutritional Requirements
Overweight - epidemiology - ethnology - etiology
Prevalence
Quebec
Risk factors
Abstract
To understand more specifically how the quality, quantity and frequency of snack food consumption differs in different BMI categories.
Four hundred and forty-nine school-aged children (grade 4-6) from a Kanien'kehaka (Mohawk) community provided a 24 h recall and their height and weight in 1994, 1998 and 2002, in three independent cross-sectional samples. Food consumed between two consecutive meals was defined as a snacking occasion. ANOVA and chi2 tests were used to compare food choices between BMI categories according to food quality criteria and food groups in 2006. Logistic regression models were performed to compare results between normal-weight children and those at risk of overweight and between normal-weight and overweight children.
Energy intake from snacks tended to be higher for children at risk of overweight, compared with the other two BMI categories. Food groups with a higher energy density were also consumed more frequently by these children, with larger average portions of cereal bars (P
PubMed ID
19650958 View in PubMed
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Assessment of adherence to dietary recommendations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214403
Source
Can J Public Health. 1995 Sep-Oct;86(5):293-5
Publication Type
Article

[Assimilation of dietary calcium and phosphorus and the level of nitrous metabolism in 6-7 year old children].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature111892
Source
Pediatriia. 1966 Jun;45(6):33-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1966

Associations between sociocultural home environmental factors and vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3-5-year olds: BRA-study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature291600
Source
Appetite. 2017 Oct 01; 117:310-320
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Oct-01-2017
Author
Anne Lene Kristiansen
Mona Bjelland
Anne Himberg-Sundet
Nanna Lien
Lene Frost Andersen
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: a.l.kristiansen@medisin.uio.no.
Source
Appetite. 2017 Oct 01; 117:310-320
Date
Oct-01-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena - ethnology
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Family Characteristics - ethnology
Female
Fruit
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice - ethnology
Healthy Diet - ethnology
Humans
Male
Norway
Nutrition Surveys
Parenting - ethnology
Parents
Patient Compliance - ethnology
Principal Component Analysis
Self Report
Socioeconomic Factors
Vegetables
Abstract
The home environment is the first environment to shape childhood dietary habits and food preferences, hence greater understanding of home environmental factors associated with vegetable consumption among young children is needed. The objective has been to examine questionnaire items developed to measure the sociocultural home environment of children focusing on vegetables and to assess the psychometric properties of the resulting factors. Further, to explore associations between the environmental factors and vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3-5 year olds. Parents (n 633) were invited to participate and filled in a questionnaire assessing the child's vegetable intake and factors potentially influencing this, along with a 24-h recall of their child's fruit and vegetable intake. Children's fruit and vegetable intakes at two meals in one day in the kindergarten were observed by researchers. Principal components analysis was used to examine items assessing the sociocultural home environment. Encouragement items resulted in factors labelled "reactive encouragement", "child involvement" and "reward". Modelling items resulted in the factors labelled "active role model" and "practical role model". Items assessing negative parental attitudes resulted in the factor labelled "negative parental attitudes" and items assessing family pressure/demand resulted in the factor labelled "family demand". The psychometric properties of the factors were for most satisfactory. Linear regression of the associations between vegetable intake and the factors showed, as expected, generally positive associations with "child involvement", "practical role model" and "family demand", and negative associations with "negative parental attitudes" and "reward". Unexpectedly, "reactive encouragement" was negatively associated with vegetable consumption. In conclusion, associations between sociocultural home environmental factors and children's vegetable consumption showed both expected and unexpected associations some of which differed by maternal education - pointing to a need for further comparable studies.
PubMed ID
28676449 View in PubMed
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221 records – page 1 of 23.