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'I felt a little bubbly in my tummy': eliciting pre-schoolers' accounts of their health visit using a computer-assisted interview method.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature277470
Source
Child Care Health Dev. 2016 Jan;42(1):87-97
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2016
Author
P. Bokström
K. Fängström
R. Calam
S. Lucas
A. Sarkadi
Source
Child Care Health Dev. 2016 Jan;42(1):87-97
Date
Jan-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child Behavior - psychology
Child Health Services - trends
Child, Preschool
Emotions
Feasibility Studies
Female
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Male
Sweden
User-Computer Interface
Abstract
In the health care services, children's rights to participate in all matters that concern them are considered important. However, in practice this can be challenging with young children. In My Shoes (IMS) is a computer-assisted interview tool developed to help children talk about their experiences. The aim of the study was to evaluate the IMS' ability to elicit pre-schoolers' subjective experiences and accurate accounts of a routine health visit as well as the children's engagement in the interview process.
Interviews were conducted with 23 children aged 4-5?years, 2-4?weeks after their health visit. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using a method inspired by Content Analysis to evaluate IMS's ability to elicit accounts about subjective experiences. Accurate accounts were assessed by comparing the transcribed interviews with the filmed visits at the child health centre. The children's engagement was defined by the completion and length of the interviews, and the children's interaction with the software.
All children gave accounts about their subjective experiences, such as their emotional state during the visit, available toys or rewards they received. All children related to the correct event, they all named at least one person who was present and 87% correctly named at least one examination procedure. The majority of children (91%) completed the interview, which lasted 17-39?min (M?=?24), and 96% interacted with the IMS software.
IMS was feasible to help children describe their health care experiences, in both detail and depth. The children interacted with the software and maintained their interest for an extended period of time.
PubMed ID
26564782 View in PubMed
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Prescription drug dispensing profiles for one million children: a population-based analysis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122655
Source
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2013 Mar;69(3):581-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2013
Author
Tingting Zhang
M Anne Smith
Pat G Camp
Salomah Shajari
Stuart M MacLeod
Bruce C Carleton
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Source
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2013 Mar;69(3):581-8
Date
Mar-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Ambulatory Care - trends
British Columbia
Child
Child Health Services - trends
Child, Preschool
Drug Utilization - trends
Drug Utilization Review
Europe
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Physician's Practice Patterns - trends
Prescription Drugs - therapeutic use
United States
Abstract
Population-based drug utilization databases that comprehensively capture an entire population's drug dispensing are scarce resources for epidemiological studies. This study aimed to examine the prescription-dispensing rates in children in British Columbia (BC) and describe the differences in the dispensing of medications in BC versus children in the United States (US) and Europe.
The study population was children aged 0-17 years in BC (n = 855,541). Children with at least one prescription dispensed in 2007 were identified using the provincial outpatient prescription dispensing database. All prescriptions were grouped on the basis of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system. Prevalence of drug dispensing was calculated in each age group, gender, and therapeutic class.
Fifty-five percent of BC children were dispensed at least one prescription in 2007. Antibacterials for systemic use, dermatological corticosteroids, and drugs for obstructive airway diseases were commonly dispensed in each age group. The percentage of children who received psychoanaleptics was two to five times higher than rates reported in European countries, but 30% lower than rates reported in the US.
Half of the BC population
PubMed ID
22791273 View in PubMed
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