Quantitative results obtained during the first 3 years of operation of a routine health screening program for 4-year-olds are presented. From these figures it is conccluded that the effectiveness in detecting previously unknown health problems needing treatment is high enough to justify the continuation of this systematic health screening by the ordinary child health staff. However, the total prevalence of newly detected anomalies was lower in our population than in similar studies where the screening was performed by a few teams of specially trained professionals. The consequences of this observation are briefly discussed.
This paper describes a computerized register for supervising the health of children under 8 years of age. The register also serves as a source of information for planning the work at the child health centers. Experiences from its use after its introduction in 1975 are discussed. The paper is written both from a computer-technical and a medical-administrative point of view.
This paper is a provisional report from an ongoing field experiment in Uppsala, Sweden, with the aim to reduce the number of serious childhood accidents. Groups of parents have been systematically trained to function as child-environment supervisors. The experiences have been very positive so far. The child-environment supervisors have proved to possess good knowledge about how to prevent accidents. A large number of hazards have been detected and successfully eliminated. The groups are now taking an active part in the planning of new housing estates. The findings also indicate that the Child Health Organization should be able to play a more active role in the work of environmental improvement for the safety of children. A suggestion for a collective strategy for such activity has been worked out.
Since January 1969, a systematic health screening has been offered to 4-year-olds resident in the county of Uppsala, Sweden, at the ordinary Child Health Centres by the regular staff. This report describes some organizational and methodological aspects and presents participation rates and reasons for non-participation. From the overall experience it is concluded that the program is feasible with respect to systematic examinations and data collection, acceptance by the public and the staff, and with respect to the strain on existing resources. The reasons for and the importance of program changes are discussed, and the main advantages and drawbacks of the decentralized approach are mentioned. Finally, a theoretical framework for a quantitative evaluation of effectiveness is presented.
In considering health information systems, great hope is attached to the use of child health records as a data source for research and community planning. In order to test the completeness of child health records data and their agreement with other sources, information about living conditions, use of medical services and health problems in preschool children were studied in 707 child health centres' records. The results show a considerable number of deficiencies in the system which could, to a certain extent, be remedied by improved instructions to the staff. Health problems in the area of child care also need to be fully defined.