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162 records – page 1 of 17.

Source
J Pediatr. 2016 Oct;177S:S187-S202
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
Björn Wettergren
Margareta Blennow
Anders Hjern
Olle Söder
Jonas F Ludvigsson
Source
J Pediatr. 2016 Oct;177S:S187-S202
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child health
Child Health Services
Child, Preschool
Humans
Sweden
Abstract
On a national level, several factors are responsible for Sweden's leading position in achieving the excellent health of children because Sweden has experienced a long history of peace and success in establishing a parliamentary democracy throughout the 20th century. Among the different sectors of society, Sweden has been able to focus on prevention and health promotion. The Swedish health care system is publicly financed based on local taxation. Pediatricians working in secondary and tertiary care are employed by the public sector, whereas family physicians are employed by both the private and public sectors. The pediatric departments at county and university levels provide a high quality of inpatient care for neonates and children. The county hospital pediatric departments typically include one neonatal ward and one ward for older children. Subspecialization exists even at the county level, and there is close cooperation between the county level and subspecialist units at the university level. Within the primary care sector, most children receive care from family physicians. The majority of family physicians have completed 3 months of pediatrics in their basic training program. In the more densely populated areas there are also pediatric ambulatory care centers working mostly with referrals from the family physicians. Preventive care is carried out at midwife-led maternity health centers, nurse-led Child Health Centers, and nurse-led school health care settings and reach almost everyone (99%). All health care for children and adolescents is free of charge up to 18 years of age.
PubMed ID
27666267 View in PubMed
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Source
J Pediatr. 2016 Oct;177S:S148-S155
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
Alexander Baranov
Leyla Namazova-Baranova
Valeriy Albitskiy
Natalia Ustinova
Rimma Terletskaya
Olga Komarova
Source
J Pediatr. 2016 Oct;177S:S148-S155
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child health
Child Health Services
Child, Preschool
Humans
Russia
Abstract
We present a historical and analytical overview of the Russian child health care system describing strengths and challenges of the system. Main indicators of social environment and children's health, general demographics, and socioeconomic factors of Russia are described. The Russian health care system has preserved positive elements of the former Soviet model of pediatric care. However, beginning in 1991, it has been altered greatly in its funding and management. The child health care system is composed of a special network of outpatient and inpatient facilities. The key element of pediatric community care is the pediatric polyclinic, staffed by district pediatricians and nurses. Undergraduate pediatric training is separate from adult medical training. From day one onward, future pediatricians are trained at separate pediatric faculties of universities. Thus, they qualify as general pediatricians after only 2 years of postgraduate training. It should be emphasized that the gap between the health status of children in developed countries and the Russian Federation is largely due to the influence of socioeconomic determinants, such as traffic accidents, poverty, pollution, and hazardous life styles, including binge drinking. Further improvements of children's health require protective measures by the state to address the underlying socioeconomic determinants.
PubMed ID
27666264 View in PubMed
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Whether Canada is ready to move forward with their implementation is another matter.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139964
Source
Healthc Q. 2010;14 Spec No 1:1-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Mary Jo Haddad
Source
Healthc Q. 2010;14 Spec No 1:1-3
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Child
Child Health Services
Child Welfare
Goals
Humans
National Health Programs
PubMed ID
20959742 View in PubMed
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'There's something in their eyes' - Child Health Services nurses' experiences of identifying signs of postpartum depression in non-Swedish-speaking immigrant mothers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294237
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2017 Dec; 31(4):739-747
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Dec-2017
Author
Malin Skoog
Inger Hallström
Vanja Berggren
Author Affiliation
Center of Excellence for Child Health Services, Malmö, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2017 Dec; 31(4):739-747
Date
Dec-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Child
Child Health Services - organization & administration
Emigrants and Immigrants
Female
Humans
Language
Sweden
Abstract
Due to the current world situation, Sweden has one of the highest asylum applications within the European Union. Immigrant mothers, specifically those who have immigrated during the last ten years and do not speak the language of the new country, are found to be at particular risk of being effected by postpartum depression.
In this study, we elucidate Swedish Child Health Services nurses' experiences of identifying signs of postpartum depression in non-Swedish-speaking immigrant mothers.
Latent content analysis was used when analysing data material from 13 research interviews.
Being able to interpret a non-Swedish-speaking immigrant mother's mood required establishing and constant deepening of a transcultural caring relationship, the use of cultural knowledge to perceive signs of postpartum depression from observations and interactions and to rely on intuition.
There are both challenges and key factors for success in interpreting the mood of non-Swedish-speaking immigrant mothers.
This study provides information to healthcare professionals about challenges with adapting the screening with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale to immigrant mothers not speaking the language of residence. Tacit knowledge and cultural competence among healthcare personnel are invaluable assets when interpreting mental health in this vulnerable group of mothers.
PubMed ID
28124383 View in PubMed
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Literature review shows that fathers are still not receiving the support they want and need from Swedish child health professionals.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280997
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2016 Sep;105(9):1014-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2016
Author
Michael B Wells
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2016 Sep;105(9):1014-23
Date
Sep-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Child Health Services
Fathers - psychology
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Sweden
Abstract
Sweden has a reputation for gender equality, and its child health services seek to support both parents. However, this meta-ethnographic analysis of 62 studies from 2000 to 2015 covering prenatal clinics, labour and birth wards, postnatal wards and child health centres found programmes had not been designed around paternal needs. Therefore, despite the policy change nearly 50 years ago to include both parents, fathers were still not fully accepted and supported.
To provide fathers in Sweden with greater support throughout the child health field, organisational changes should be considered, as this could provide further beneficial outcomes for children, families and society.
PubMed ID
27310679 View in PubMed
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When they talk about motherhood: a qualitative study of three groups' perceptions in a Swedish child health service context.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279348
Source
Int J Equity Health. 2016 Jun 24;15:99
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-24-2016
Author
Erik Masao Eriksson
Kristin Eliasson
Andreas Hellström
Sylvia Määttä
Lisa Vaughn
Source
Int J Equity Health. 2016 Jun 24;15:99
Date
Jun-24-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Child
Child Health Services - standards
Female
Humans
Male
Mothers - psychology
Perception
Qualitative Research
Sweden
Abstract
In light of the growing emphasis on individualization in healthcare, it is vital to take the diversity of inhabitants and users into consideration. Thus, identifying shared perceptions among group members may be important in improving healthcare that is relevant to the particular group, but also perceptions of the staff with whom interactions take place. This study investigates how motherhood is perceived among three groups: Somali-born mothers; Swedish-born mothers; and nurses at Swedish child health centers. Inequities in terms of access and satisfaction have previously been identified at the health centers.
Participants in all three groups were asked to finalize two statements about motherhood; one statement about perfect motherhood, another about everyday motherhood. The responses were analyzed using qualitative coding and categorization to identify differences and similarities among the three groups.
The responses to both statements by the three groups included divergences as well as convergences. Overall, biological aspects of motherhood were absent, and respondents focused almost exclusively on social matters. Working life was embedded in motherhood, but only for the Somali-born mothers. The three groups put emphasis on different aspects of motherhood: Somali-born mothers on the community; the Swedish-born mothers on the child; and the nurses on the mother herself. The nurses - and to some extent the Swedish-born mothers - expected the mother to ask for help with the children when needed. However, the Somali-born mothers responded that the mother should be independent, not asking for such help. Nurses, more than both groups of mothers, largely described everyday motherhood in positively charged words or phrases.
The findings of this paper suggest that convergences and divergences in perceptions of motherhood among three groups may be important in equitable access and utilization of healthcare. Individualized healthcare requires nuance and should avoid normative or stereotypical encounters by recognizing social context and needs that are relevant to specific groups of the population.
PubMed ID
27342849 View in PubMed
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A new participative, family-oriented health counseling approach for children and their families: a comparative qualitative analysis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265817
Source
J Community Health Nurs. 2014;31(2):90-102
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Marjo Siltanen
Minna Aromaa
Tuovi Hakulinen-Viitanen
Riina Junnila
Camilla Laaksonen
Heidi Parisod
Sanna Salanterä
Source
J Community Health Nurs. 2014;31(2):90-102
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child
Child Health Services - methods
Counseling - methods
Family
Finland
Health promotion
Humans
Pediatric Obesity - therapy
Abstract
Health counseling is an essential part of health promotion and there is a need for new, family-oriented health counseling methods. The objective of this study was to describe the differences in physical activity conversations from the perspective of family-oriented care between child health visits using the Weighty Matter Toolkit and those using normal protocol. In total, 35 health visits were analyzed. The results indicate that the Weighty Matter Toolkit offers the child, and other family members, a better opportunity to participate to conversations, and the focus of the conversation is more diverse and based on the family's perception regarding physical activity compared to the normal protocol. Thus, the Weighty Matter Toolkit is a promising method for family-oriented health counseling.
PubMed ID
24788047 View in PubMed
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G8 Summit: sorting out the supplicants.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature142561
Source
CMAJ. 2010 Aug 10;182(11):E495-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-10-2010

Uptake and effectiveness of the Children's Fitness Tax Credit in Canada: the rich get richer.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature142704
Source
BMC Public Health. 2010;10:356
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
John C Spence
Nicholas L Holt
Julia K Dutove
Valerie Carson
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Physical Education & Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. jc.spence@ualberta.ca
Source
BMC Public Health. 2010;10:356
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Child
Child Health Services - economics
Exercise
Health education
Humans
Physical Education and Training - economics
Taxes
Abstract
The Government of Canada implemented a Children's Fitness Tax Credit (CFTC) in 2007 which allows a non-refundable tax credit of up to $500 to register a child in an eligible physical activity (PA) program. The purposes of this study were to assess whether the awareness, uptake, and perceived effectiveness of this tax credit varied by household income among Canadian parents.
An internet-based panel survey was conducted in March 2009 with a representative sample of 2135 Canadians. Of those, parents with children aged 2 to 18 years of age (n = 1004) were asked if their child was involved in organized PA programs (including dance and sports), the associated costs to register their child in these programs, awareness of the CFTC, if they had claimed the CFTC for the tax year 2007, and whether they planned to claim it in the upcoming year. Parents were also asked if they believed the CFTC has lead to their child being more involved in PA programs.
Among parents, 54.4% stated their child was in organized PA and 55.5% were aware of the CFTC. Parents in the lowest income quartile were significantly less aware and less likely to claim the CFTC than other income groups. Among parents who had claimed the CFTC, few (15.6%) believed it had increased their child's participation in PA programs.
More than half of Canadian parents with children have claimed the CFTC. However, the tax credit appears to benefit the wealthier families in Canada.
Notes
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Cites: Qual Health Res. 2006 Apr;16(4):467-8316513991
PubMed ID
20565963 View in PubMed
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162 records – page 1 of 17.