Health prevention seeks to avoid the onset of disease or symptoms by eliminating or at least minimizing environmental factors that increase the risk of illness. This article describes Ability OnLine, an innovative program designed to reduce the isolation young people can experience in a healthcare facility or when confined to their home. The electronic bulletin board is a friendly platform for disabled and chronically ill children to easily communicate with their peers and adult and teen mentors.
We evaluated the effectiveness of a pet visitation program in helping children and their families adjust to hospitalization on a pediatric cardiology ward. Thirty-one pet visits were observed and followed by interviews with patients and parents. Analysis of data suggested that pet visits relieved stress, normalized the hospital milieu, and improved patient and parent morale. The benefit received by the subjects correlated with the amount of physical contact and rapport developed with the visiting animal.
Etherizations were developed in USA and was applied for the first time of the dentist Thomas Greene Morton (1819-1868) in 1846. Professor Dr. Ole Secher (1918-1996) studied the first Danish anaesthesias and discovered that the first etherization was carried out in February 1847 at the surgical department, Almindelig Hospital in Copenhagen. The patient was a young girl, with an albus tumore in the knee. She was etherized during an appliqué of ferrum candens. Dr. Secher was not able to find the case record, but she was identified in the hospital records dated 1846 and 1847. The hospital was separated in an alms department and a hospital. Patients were not allowed to stay at the hospital for more than 6 months, then they were placed in the alms department. The etherization was carried out in the alms department, to which the girl was transferred from the hospital. Reviewing the hospital records for the previous 6 months the girl was identified at the surgical department. Her name was Amalie, and she was 14 years old. She died two months after the etherization in April 1847.
Alternatives to inpatient care that improve quality of care and save money are desirable during periods of restraint on hospital budgets. One such alternative is the care-by-parent unit (CBPU) in which a parent's stay on the ward can reduce costs by resuming nursing tasks, limiting unnecessary procedures, and encouraging early discharge. This study measured costs per case treated in the CBPU compared with the costs for similar patients treated in the inpatient nursing unit (NU). Average costs per episode were lower in the CBPU--33 per cent for general pediatrics, 13.5 per cent for tonsils and adenoids and 29 per cent for other surgery. These savings are capable of considerable expansion because more than half of the admissions to NU meet the criteria for admission to CBPU. If CBPU facilities were expanded, however, the savings estimated above would not follow automatically. New CBPU facilities must substitute for NU, not add to total utilization.