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625 records – page 1 of 63.

[On a problem of multiple causes of death].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature218193
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 1994 May-Jun;(3):7-10
Publication Type
Article
Author
V K Ovcharov
E A Tishuk
V P Pospelov
C F Afonina
N B Soloviova
Author Affiliation
NII sotsial'noi gigieny, ekonomiki i upravleniia zdravookhraneniem im. Semashko, RAMN, Moskva
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 1994 May-Jun;(3):7-10
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Causality
Female
Humans
Male
Mortality
Russia
Abstract
The problem of combined pathology is discussed as exemplified by multiple causes of death. The structure of multiple causes of death is analyzed on the basis of records on all death cases in the town of Kursk in 1991, a total of 4381. The factors taken into consideration are age, sex, classes and various individual causes of death; the primary cause and complications are considered, including the direct cause of death, and the concomitant conditions. The authors claim that their data is a good scientific basis for planning and organization of specialized care of the population at the present-day stage of Russian public health development.
PubMed ID
9235246 View in PubMed
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[Medical statistical standards of multiple causes of death].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature217765
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 1994 Jul-Aug;(4):20-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
V K Ovcharov
E A Tishchuk
Author Affiliation
NII sotsial'noi gigieny, ekonomiki i upravleniia zdravookhraneniem im. N.A. Semashko, RAMN, Moskva
Source
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Istor Med. 1994 Jul-Aug;(4):20-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Causality
Female
Humans
Male
Mortality
Public Health
Russia
Abstract
Presents methodologic approaches to formulation of standard causes of death. Based on clinical data, demonstrates examples of standard causes mainly responsible for population mortality.
PubMed ID
9235249 View in PubMed
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Factual causation and healthcare-associated infections.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature153397
Source
Health Law J. 2009;17:195-227
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Lara Khoury
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montreal.
Source
Health Law J. 2009;17:195-227
Date
2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Causality
Cross Infection - etiology
Humans
Liability, Legal
Uncertainty
PubMed ID
20608319 View in PubMed
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[Use of the major components methods in epidemiological studies]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69350
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2003;(2):11-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Iu N Kurunov
O V Reviakina
V M Efimov
Iu K Galaktionov
Source
Probl Tuberk. 2003;(2):11-4
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Causality
English Abstract
Epidemiologic Methods
Humans
Siberia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis - epidemiology
Abstract
When multifactorial processes are analyzed, it is most rational to use the methods of multidimensional statistical analysis, including the major components methods. This method is rather new in epidemiological surveys. Its advantage is that it may be used to get information that is difficult derived by other ways. Noteworthy is the versatility of the method, which lies in that the problems of analysis, prediction, and classification (stratification) of temporal series are solved by using actually the same techniques. How to apply the major components method are considered by using an example of investigating the general trends in the development of an epidemic tuberculous process in a specific area. Statistical data on tuberculosis morbidity in the areas of the Novosibirsk Region were employed as the initial material.
PubMed ID
12790022 View in PubMed
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A dynamic model of etiology in sport injury: the recursive nature of risk and causation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163467
Source
Clin J Sport Med. 2007 May;17(3):215-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2007
Author
Willem H Meeuwisse
Hugh Tyreman
Brent Hagel
Carolyn Emery
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Calgary, Canada. w.meeuwisse@ucalgary.ca
Source
Clin J Sport Med. 2007 May;17(3):215-9
Date
May-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alberta
Athletic Injuries - epidemiology
Causality
Humans
Models, Theoretical
Risk assessment
Abstract
The purpose of this manuscript is to outline a new model representing a dynamic approach that incorporates the consequences of repeated participation in sport, both with and without injury. This model builds on the previous work, while emphasizing the fact that adaptations occur within the context of sport (both in the presence and absence of injury) that alter risk and affect etiology in a dynamic, recursive fashion. Regardless of the type of injury, it is often preceded by a chain of shifting circumstances that, when they come together, constitute sufficient cause to result in an injury. If we are to truly understand the etiology of injury and target appropriate prevention strategies, we must look beyond the initial set of risk factors that are thought to precede an injury and take into consideration how those risk factors may have changed through preceding cycles of participation, whether associated with prior injury or not. This model considers the implications of repeated exposure, whether such exposure produces adaptation, maladaptation, injury or complete/incomplete recovery from injury. When feasible, future studies on sport injury prevention should adopt a methodology and analysis strategy that takes the cyclic nature of changing risk factors into account to create a dynamic, recursive picture of etiology.
PubMed ID
17513916 View in PubMed
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Total and cause-specific mortality in cohorts of asbestos-cement workers and referents between 1907 and 1985.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature232051
Source
Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. 1988 Dec;39(4):461-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1988

Chol understandings of suicide and human agency.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature126527
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 2012 Jun;36(2):245-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2012
Author
Gracia Imberton
Author Affiliation
Instituto de Estudios Indígenas, Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas, Centro Universitario Campus III, Boulevard López Moreno s/n., Fátima, CP 29264 San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico. gimberton@gmail.com
Source
Cult Med Psychiatry. 2012 Jun;36(2):245-63
Date
Jun-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Causality
Female
Humans
Male
Mexico - epidemiology - ethnology
Personhood
Social Change
Suicide - ethnology
Abstract
According to ethnographic material collected since 2003, the Chol Mayan indigenous people in southern Mexico have different causal explanations for suicide. It can be attributed to witchcraft that forces victims to take their lives against their own will, to excessive drinking, or to fate determined by God. However, it can also be conceived of as a conscious decision made by a person overwhelmed by daily problems. Drawing from the theoretical framework developed by Laura M. Ahearn, inspired by practice theory, the paper contends that these different explanations operate within two different logics or understandings of human agency. The first logic attributes responsibility to supernatural causes such as witchcraft or divine destiny, and reflects Chol notions of personhood. The second logic accepts personal responsibility for suicide, and is related to processes of social change such as the introduction of wage labor, education and a market economy. The contemporary Chol resort to both logics to make sense of the human drama of suicide.
PubMed ID
22382678 View in PubMed
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Workers' compensation appeals systems in Canada and the United States.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature205665
Source
Occup Med. 1998 Apr-Jun;13(2):423-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
D. Harte
D A Smith
Author Affiliation
Workers' Compensation Board-Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Source
Occup Med. 1998 Apr-Jun;13(2):423-7
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Causality
Disability Evaluation
Humans
United States
Workers' Compensation - legislation & jurisprudence - organization & administration
PubMed ID
9589453 View in PubMed
Less detail

The impact of relative poverty on Norwegian adolescents’ subjective health: a causal analysis with propensity score matching.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117955
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 Dec;9(12):4715-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2012
Author
Jon Ivar Elstad
Axel West Pedersen
Author Affiliation
NOVA-Norwegian Social Research, Oslo, Norway. Jon.I.Elstad@nova.no
Source
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 Dec;9(12):4715-31
Date
Dec-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Causality
Female
Health status
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Norway
Poverty
Propensity Score
Abstract
Studies have revealed that relative poverty is associated with ill health, but the interpretations of this correlation vary. This article asks whether relative poverty among Norwegian adolescents is causally related to poor subjective health, i.e., self-reported somatic and mental symptoms. Data consist of interview responses from a sample of adolescents (N = 510) and their parents, combined with register data on the family's economic situation. Relatively poor adolescents had significantly worse subjective health than non-poor adolescents. Relatively poor adolescents also experienced many other social disadvantages, such as parental unemployment and parental ill health. Comparisons between the relatively poor and the non-poor adolescents, using propensity score matching, indicated a negative impact of relative poverty on the subjective health among those adolescents who lived in families with relatively few economic resources. The results suggest that there is a causal component in the association between relative poverty and the symptom burden of disadvantaged adolescents. Relative poverty is only one of many determinants of adolescents' subjective health, but its role should be acknowledged when policies for promoting adolescent health are designed.
Notes
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PubMed ID
23249858 View in PubMed
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[Risk management, concepts of causes and health services research].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature192676
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2001 Oct 15;163(42):5840-1
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-15-2001
Author
F B Kristensen
Author Affiliation
Center for Evaluering og Medicinsk Teknologivurdering, Sundhedsstyrelsen, København.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2001 Oct 15;163(42):5840-1
Date
Oct-15-2001
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Causality
Denmark
Health Services Research
Humans
Malpractice
Medical Errors - prevention & control
Risk Management
PubMed ID
11685860 View in PubMed
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625 records – page 1 of 63.