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1293 records – page 1 of 130.

'1001' Campylobacters: cultural characteristics of intestinal campylobacters from man and animals.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature245183
Source
J Hyg (Lond). 1980 Dec;85(3):427-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1980
Author
M B Skirrow
J. Benjamin
Source
J Hyg (Lond). 1980 Dec;85(3):427-42
Date
Dec-1980
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Campylobacter - cytology - drug effects - isolation & purification
Cattle - microbiology
Culture Media
Dogs - microbiology
Humans
Intestines - microbiology
Metronidazole - pharmacology
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Swine - microbiology
Temperature
Abstract
The cultural characteristics of 1220 Campylobacter strains from a variety of sources are described. Forty-two were identified as Campylobacter fetus ssp. fetus (Véron & Chatelain, 1973), 1120 as members of the C. jejuni/C. coli group, and 58 did not conform to any known description. Sixteen of the latter strains had the basic characteristics of C. fetus but were atypical in certain other respects. The other 42 strains had the thermophilic characteristics of the jejuni/coli group, but were resistant to nalidixic acid and had other features in common; it is possible that they represent a new species. They were isolated from 19% of locally caught wild seagulls but only occasionally from other animals and man.Growth at 25 degrees C clearly distinguished strains of C. fetus from those of the jejuni/coli and the nalidixic acid-resistant thermophilic (NARTC) groups. Maximum growth temperature was less reliable for this purpose, and 43 degrees C was found to be better than the traditional 42 degrees C. By arranging the results of three tests (tolerance to 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride, growth at 30.5 and 45.5 degrees C) serially in the form of a schema comprising nine categories, the jejuni/coli strains fell into two main groups resembling the Institute Pasteur C. jejuni and C. coli type strains, but these groups could not be clearly defined owing to the existence of strains with intermediate characteristics.Most of the strains from cattle resembled C. jejuni, whereas those from pigs resembled C. coli; poultry strains occupied a more intermediate position. Strains from man and other animals were of mixed types, but most human strains resembled C. jejuni rather than C. coli. The type distribution pattern that most nearly matched that of human indigenous strains was given by a half-and-half mixture of strains from cattle and poultry.
Notes
Cites: J Pediatr. 1973 Mar;82(3):493-54572934
Cites: Br Med J. 1977 Jul 2;2(6078):9-11871765
Cites: Can J Microbiol. 1977 Sep;23(9):1311-371191
Cites: J Clin Microbiol. 1978 Jul;8(1):36-41670386
Cites: Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1978 Oct;14(4):553-6718153
Cites: Can J Microbiol. 1979 Jan;25(1):1-7427650
Cites: Can J Microbiol. 1979 Jan;25(1):8-16218715
Cites: Vet Rec. 1979 Oct 6;105(14):333117609
Cites: Br Med J. 1980 May 31;280(6227):1301-27388519
Cites: J Bacteriol. 1953 Jul;66(1):24-613069461
Cites: J Infect Dis. 1957 Sep-Oct;101(2):119-2813475869
PubMed ID
7462593 View in PubMed
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1991 Volvo Award in basic sciences. Collagen types around the cells of the intervertebral disc and cartilage end plate: an immunolocalization study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225725
Source
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 Sep;16(9):1030-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1991
Author
S. Roberts
J. Menage
V. Duance
S. Wotton
S. Ayad
Author Affiliation
Charles Salt Research Centre, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Oswestry, Shropshire, England.
Source
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1991 Sep;16(9):1030-8
Date
Sep-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Animals
Awards and Prizes
Cartilage - chemistry - pathology
Cattle
Collagen - analysis - classification
Humans
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Intervertebral Disc - chemistry - pathology
Middle Aged
Rats
Sweden
Abstract
Several types of collagen are known to exist in the intervertebral disc in addition to the fibrillar collagens, Types I and II. Although they constitute only a small percentage of the total collagen content, these minor collagens may have important functions. This study was designed to investigate the presence of Types I, II, III, IV, VI, and IX collagens in the intervertebral disc and cartilage end plate by immunohistochemistry, thereby establishing their location within the tissues. Types III and VI collagen have a pericellular distribution in animal and human tissue. No staining for Type IX collagen was present in normal human disc, but in rat and bovine intervertebral disc, it was also located pericellularly. These results show that cells of the intervertebral disc and cartilage end plate sit in fibrous capsules, forming chondrons similar to those described in articular cartilage. In pathologic tissue the amount and distribution of the collagen types, and the organization of the pericellular capsule, differ from that seen in control material.
PubMed ID
1948394 View in PubMed
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Abortion and calf mortality in Danish cattle herds.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature64883
Source
Acta Vet Scand. 1993;34(4):371-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
J S Agerholm
A. Basse
H V Krogh
K. Christensen
L. Rønsholt
Author Affiliation
Department of Pathology and Epidemiology, National Veterinary Laboratory, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Acta Vet Scand. 1993;34(4):371-7
Date
1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Veterinary - etiology
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Cattle
Cattle Diseases - etiology - mortality
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Fetal Death - veterinary
Infection - mortality - veterinary
Pregnancy
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
The aetiology of abortions and calf mortality in 65 Danish cattle herds consisting of both dairy and beef breeds during a 1-year period is described. All observed aborted foetuses, still-born calves, and calves dying before 6 months of age were necropsied, and relevant microbiological examinations were performed. A total of 240 calves and 66 abortions were submitted corresponding to a calf mortality rate of 7%. The abortion frequency could not be calculated. 43% of the calves died at day 0, while 22% were aborted, 15% died during the first week of life, 9% died from 1 to 4 weeks of age, and 11% died at the age of 1 to 6 months. The most common cause was neonatal pulmonic atelectasis (stillbirth) followed by foetal infections, pneumonia, and septicaemia.
PubMed ID
8147289 View in PubMed
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[Absorption kinetics of C14-GABA and its vitamin B conjugates in isolated bovine retina]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature50806
Source
Fiziol Zh. 2001;47(4):63-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
Z A Rozanova
Author Affiliation
Institute of Eye Diseases and Tissue Therapy named by Filatov, AMS of Ukraine, Odessa.
Source
Fiziol Zh. 2001;47(4):63-6
Date
2001
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absorption
Animals
Carbon Radioisotopes - metabolism
Cattle
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
English Abstract
Kinetics
Male
Retina - metabolism
Time Factors
Vitamin B Complex - chemistry - metabolism
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid - analogs & derivatives - pharmacokinetics
Abstract
Absorption by the bovine retina of physiological concentration of PLP-GABA increase clearing 2-32 minutes of incubation in difference of GABA and its non metabolic preparations, which store up as much as possible in first minutes: picamilon > PLP-GABA > GABA > panthogam > biotinil-GABA. Kinetics of transport of GABA and its preparations into retina has a complex character. By the growth of concentration from 33 mM to 528 mM, it is linear for picamilion, showing diffusion, and not linear for GABA, PLP-GABA and panthogam, showing differently systems of its transport. And only GABA transport is activated by Na-ions.
PubMed ID
11571926 View in PubMed
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The accuracy of Genomic Selection in Norwegian red cattle assessed by cross-validation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature98928
Source
Genetics. 2009 Nov;183(3):1119-26
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2009
Author
Tu Luan
John A Woolliams
Sigbjørn Lien
Matthew Kent
Morten Svendsen
Theo H E Meuwissen
Author Affiliation
Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Box 5003, N-1432 As, Norway. tu.luan@umb.no
Source
Genetics. 2009 Nov;183(3):1119-26
Date
Nov-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Animal Husbandry - methods
Animals
Bayes Theorem
Breeding - methods
Cattle - genetics - metabolism
Female
Genome - genetics
Genome-Wide Association Study
Genotype
Male
Milk - metabolism - standards
Norway
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide - genetics
Quantitative Trait Loci - genetics
Reproducibility of Results
Selection, Genetic
Abstract
Genomic Selection (GS) is a newly developed tool for the estimation of breeding values for quantitative traits through the use of dense markers covering the whole genome. For a successful application of GS, accuracy of the prediction of genomewide breeding value (GW-EBV) is a key issue to consider. Here we investigated the accuracy and possible bias of GW-EBV prediction, using real bovine SNP genotyping (18,991 SNPs) and phenotypic data of 500 Norwegian Red bulls. The study was performed on milk yield, fat yield, protein yield, first lactation mastitis traits, and calving ease. Three methods, best linear unbiased prediction (G-BLUP), Bayesian statistics (BayesB), and a mixture model approach (MIXTURE), were used to estimate marker effects, and their accuracy and bias were estimated by using cross-validation. The accuracies of the GW-EBV prediction were found to vary widely between 0.12 and 0.62. G-BLUP gave overall the highest accuracy. We observed a strong relationship between the accuracy of the prediction and the heritability of the trait. GW-EBV prediction for production traits with high heritability achieved higher accuracy and also lower bias than health traits with low heritability. To achieve a similar accuracy for the health traits probably more records will be needed.
PubMed ID
19704013 View in PubMed
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[Achievements of the dermatovenereological service in the Mordovian ASSR over the last 50 years].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature245826
Source
Vestn Dermatol Venerol. 1980 May;(5):35-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1980

[A comparative study on the frequency of lymphocytosis and leucosis within herds in a region with low leucosis frequency]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature28415
Source
Nord Vet Med. 1971 Feb;23(2):91-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1971

[Action of natural gamma-interferons on functional activity of phagocytes and antibody synthesis after vaccination]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature57493
Source
Mikrobiol Z. 2000 Nov-Dec;62(6):26-32
Publication Type
Article
Author
Ia G Kishko
M I Vasylenko
Author Affiliation
Institute of Microbiology and Virology, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, 154 Zabolotny St., Kyiv, 03143, Ukraine.
Source
Mikrobiol Z. 2000 Nov-Dec;62(6):26-32
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Antibodies, Bacterial - biosynthesis
Bacterial Vaccines - immunology
Cattle
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Escherichia coli - immunology
Female
Interferon Type II - immunology - pharmacology
Phagocytes - drug effects - immunology - physiology
Swine - immunology
Vaccination
Abstract
Natural swine and cattle gamma-IFNs were prepared for trials. One dose of gamma-suiferon contained 1000 IU, that of gamma-boviferon--2000 IU. Three series of researches were carried out to estimate the in vitro and in vivo absorbing activity of phagocytes (monocytes and neutrophiles), their bactericidal ability (on new born pigs and calves, 2 months old animals, sows and cows with calf) and antibodygenesis after immunization of animals by colibacteriosis vaccine. It has been shown in trials that gamma-IFN increased to significant degree (several times, as a rule) the absorbing activity of phagocytes (especially that of monocytes in new-born animals). At the same time bactericidal activity of phagocytes sharply increased--their functional reserve in experimental animals was significantly higher (2-3-times), than in control. Immunization by colinebacteriosis vaccine with additional treatment by homologous gamma-IFN 3-4 times increased antibodygenesis in comparison with control.
PubMed ID
11247346 View in PubMed
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1293 records – page 1 of 130.