Extracapsular cataract extraction with implantation of an intraocular lens (IOL) is a routine operation in Norway today. With the conventional monofocal IOL, most people require spectacles post-operatively to attain optimal vision. A new principle is the bifocal IOL, which is designed to minimize the patient's need for additional post-operative near vision correction. In this article we present the first results using this bifocal lens. Ten out of 17 patients (18 eyes) had no need of post-operative spectacles. We believe that this lens represents a promising new optical principle, and is an advance in IOL implant technology.
To compare preoperative visual acuities in patients who underwent cataract surgery between 1982 and 2000.
Information on visual acuity (VA), ocular disease and general disease was obtained from records relating to samples of consecutive cataract operations in 1982, 1985, 1990, 1995 and 2000 in two hospitals in the Vaasa region of Finland.
Between 1982 and 2000, the average preoperative VA in the operated eye increased by 0.85 logMAR units (from logMAR 1.56 to logMAR 0.71) or 8.5 log lines. Corresponding decimal values are 0.03 and 0.2, respectively. In the better eye, VA increased from logMAR 0.64 to logMAR 0.37. Corresponding decimal values are 0.23 and 0.43, respectively. The incidence of cataract surgery increased from 1.0 to 7.2 operations per 1000 of the population per year over the period. For an annual increase of one operation per 1000 inhabitants, the increase in average VA before surgery is 1.3 log lines in the operated eye and 0.4 log lines in the better eye. The number of patients with visual impairment (WHO definition: VA
OBJECTIVES: To describe international variation in the management of patients with cataacts in 4 health care systems and to discuss the potential implications for cost and utilization of services. DESIGN: To characterize current clinical practice on patients with no coexisting medical or ocular conditions, a standardized questionnaire was sent to random samples of ophthalmologists in the United States (response rate, 82.5%), Canada (66.9%), and Barcelona, Spain (70.4%), and to all ophthalmologists in Denmark (80.1%). From the United States, 526 ophthalmologists who performed cataract surgery participated in the study; there were 276 from Canada, 89 from Barcelona, and 82 from Denmark. RESULTS: Although in all 4 sites most surgeons reported that they performed A-scanning, fundus examination, and refraction routinely before surgery, significant crossnational variation was observed in preoperative ophthalmic and medical testing. While preoperative medical tests were virtually unused in Denmark, they were widely used in the other sites. A significantly higher proportion of the surgeons in the United States and Barcelona reported that they performed less than 100 extractions per year compared with surgeons in Canada and Denmark (P
To report the longitudinal visual functional outcome after cataract surgery over 20 years.
Eye clinic, Norrlands University Hospital, Sweden.
Prospective population-based cohort study.
One hundred fourteen patients (86% of survivors) who had cataract surgery during a 1-year period (1997 to 1998) answered the same Visual Function Index-14 questionnaire (VF-14) preoperatively, 2 to 4 months postoperatively, and at 5, 10, 15, and 20 years after surgery. Most patients (100 [88%] of 114; 75% of survivors) also had a routine ocular examination, including corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA).
The mean age of the114 patients in the study was 60.6 years (range 36 to 80 years) at the time of surgery. Twenty years after surgery, the median CDVA in the operated eye had deteriorated from Snellen acuity 20/20 (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] 0.0) postoperatively to 20/23 (logMAR 0.07) (P = .001). Patients aged 70 years or older at surgery had the largest loss of CDVA at 20 years compared with younger patients. At 20 years, 63 (55%) of the 114 patients had no deterioration in subjective visual function and most patients (82 [72%]) had 10 points decline or less. Patients who were older at surgery had a more pronounced decline in VF-14 total score over 20 years (P = .002). Fifty-six (58%) of 96 patients had never been treated for posterior capsule opacification.
This prospective 20-year follow-up study provided estimates of longitudinal visual results. Cataract surgery also offered excellent long-term visual rehabilitation for the majority, especially younger patients, after 20 years, with a low requirement for Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy. The results in this study are of value for counseling younger patients with cataract and patients considering refractive lens surgery.