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168 records – page 1 of 17.

Source
Angiol Sosud Khir. 2016;22(2):8-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016

Active travel to school and cardiovascular fitness in Danish children and adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature80341
Source
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Oct;38(10):1724-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2006
Author
Cooper Ashley R
Wedderkopp Niels
Wang Han
Andersen Lars Bo
Froberg Karsten
Page Angie S
Author Affiliation
Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom. ashley.cooper@bris.ac.uk
Source
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Oct;38(10):1724-31
Date
Oct-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Bicycling - physiology
Cardiovascular System
Child
Denmark
Ergometry
Female
Humans
Male
Motor Activity - physiology
Physical Fitness - physiology
Pilot Projects
Questionnaires
Respiration
School Health Services
Students
Walking - physiology
Abstract
PURPOSE: Active travel to school provides an opportunity for daily physical activity. Previous studies have shown that walking and cycling to school are associated with higher physical activity levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the way that children and adolescents travel to school is associated with level of cardiovascular fitness. METHODS: Participants were recruited via a proportional, two-stage cluster sample of schools (N = 25) in the region of Odense, Denmark as part of the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS). Nine hundred nineteen participants (529 children, age 9.7 +/- 0.5 yr; 390 adolescents, age 15.5 +/- 0.4 yr) completed a maximal cycle ergometer test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness (Wmax x kg(-1)). Mode of travel to school was investigated by questionnaire. Physical activity was measured in 531 participants using an accelerometer. Regression analyses with robust standard errors and adjustment for confounders (gender, age, body composition (skinfolds), pubertal status, and physical activity) and the cluster sampling procedure were used to compare fitness levels for different travel modes. Multinomial logistic regression was applied to assess the odds for belonging to quartiles of fitness. RESULTS: Children and adolescents who cycled to school were significantly more fit than those who walked or traveled by motorized transport and were nearly five times as likely (OR 4.8; 95% CI 2.8-8.4) to be in the top quartile of fitness. CONCLUSION: Cycling to school may contribute to higher cardiovascular fitness in young people.
PubMed ID
17019293 View in PubMed
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[Acute forms of cardiopathy in pneumonias in children of early age]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature44398
Source
Pediatr Akus Ginekol. 1969 Jan-Feb;1:9-10
Publication Type
Article
Author
O S Orach
Source
Pediatr Akus Ginekol. 1969 Jan-Feb;1:9-10
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology
Cardiovascular System - physiopathology
PubMed ID
5401012 View in PubMed
Less detail

Acute physiological responses in healthy men during whole-body vibration.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172790
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006 Feb;79(2):103-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Rammohan V Maikala
Sharla King
Yagesh N Bhambhani
Author Affiliation
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA. rammohan.maikala@libertymutual.com
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006 Feb;79(2):103-14
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alberta
Cardiac output
Cardiovascular System
Hand Strength
Human Body
Humans
Male
Occupational Exposure
Physical Fitness
Respiratory System
Spine - physiology
Vibration
Abstract
The influence of backrest support and handgrip contractions on acute metabolic, respiratory, and cardiovascular responses were evaluated in 13 healthy men during exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV).
Following assessment of aerobic fitness during arm cranking, subjects were exposed to frequencies 3, 4.5, and 6 Hz with 0.9 g(r.m.s) acceleration magnitude on a vibrating base in randomized order, on separate days. Each exposure included 6 min baseline without WBV, 8 min of WBV exposure either 'with' or 'without' backrest, 4 min recovery, followed by 8 min of WBV with opposite backrest condition, and 4 min recovery. During the final minute of WBV, subjects performed right hand maximal rhythmic handgrip contractions for one minute. During baseline and before completion of WBV session 'with' and 'without' backrest, cardiac output was estimated indirectly by carbon dioxide rebreathing.
At 3 and 4.5, and 3 and 6 Hz, absolute and relative oxygen uptake demonstrated significantly greater responses during sitting 'without' backrest than 'with' backrest (P
PubMed ID
16175416 View in PubMed
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Adaptation of cardiovascular system at high physical activity in the north

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102666
Source
Pages 145-146 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
ADAPTATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AT HIGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE NORTH 5.G. Kriroschekov 1 , I.A. Pinigina 2 1 /nstitute of Physiology SB RAMS, Siberia, 2 Yakuts Centre of Science, Yakutsk (SB RAMS) In order to study structurally functional changes of cardiovascular system and metabolic
  1 document  
Author
Kriroschekov, SG
Pinigina, IA
Author Affiliation
Institute of Physiology SB RAMS, Siberia, Yakuts Centre of Science, Yakutsk (SB RAMS)
Source
Pages 145-146 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Cardiovascular System
Sports
Yakut
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral Presentations. Chapter 3. Chronic Diseases.
Documents
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[A differential approach to applying the terrain cure to adolescents with arterial hypertension].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220402
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1993 Sep-Oct;(5):13-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
A I Kazets
A S Tarasova
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1993 Sep-Oct;(5):13-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Cardiovascular System - physiopathology
Exercise Test
Health Resorts
Hemodynamics
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis - physiopathology - rehabilitation
Physical Therapy Modalities - methods
Russia
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
The "severity index" obtained by specially devised algorithm and the type of central circulation served as the basis for adjustment of terrain exercise regimens in the treatment of hypertensive adolescents. The distance of the walk and the route topography were chosen differentially according to cardiac performance of each patient reflected in the above severity index of the disease.
PubMed ID
8266659 View in PubMed
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[Age-related characteristics of vascular system function in bronchial asthma patients being treated in an alpine climate].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242173
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1983 Mar-Apr;(2):39-41
Publication Type
Article

Body size at birth and cardiovascular response to and recovery from mental stress in children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature142982
Source
J Hum Hypertens. 2011 Apr;25(4):231-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2011
Author
K. Feldt
K. Räikkönen
R. Pyhälä
A. Jones
D I W Phillips
J G Eriksson
A K Pesonen
K. Heinonen
A-L Järvenpää
T E Strandberg
E. Kajantie
Author Affiliation
Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
J Hum Hypertens. 2011 Apr;25(4):231-40
Date
Apr-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Birth weight
Blood pressure
Blood Pressure Determination
Body Height
Cardiac output
Cardiography, Impedance
Cardiovascular System - innervation
Child
Electrocardiography
Female
Finland
Gestational Age
Heart rate
Humans
Male
Recovery of Function
Stress, Psychological - complications - physiopathology
Sympathetic Nervous System - physiopathology
Vascular Resistance
Abstract
Cardiovascular (CV) response to mental stress, a predictor of CV disease risk, may be determined already in utero. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, and previous studies have used adult subjects and neglected CV recovery. We investigated 147 girls and 136 boys aged 8 years who underwent the Trier Social Stress Test for children to determine whether body size at birth is associated with CV activity. Blood pressure (BP), electrocardiogram and impedance-derived indices were recorded and analyzed from continuous measurements using Vasotrac APM205A and Biopac MP150 systems. Among girls, lower birth weight was associated with lower baseline systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) values (1.9?mm?Hg and 1.5?mm?Hg per 1 s.d. birth weight for gestational age, respectively), higher SBP and DBP response to mental stress (1.6?mm?Hg and 1.1?mm?Hg per 1 s.d. birth weight for gestational age, respectively), slower BP recovery and overall higher cardiac sympathetic activity. In contrast, among boys lower birth weight was associated with higher baseline levels of SBP (2.1?mm?Hg per 1 s.d. birth weight for gestational age) and total peripheral resistance (TPR), overall lower cardiac sympathetic activity, lower TPR response to mental stress and a more rapid BP and cardiac sympathetic recovery. In boys, the associations with baseline levels and cardiac sympathetic activity became significant only after adjusting for current body size. These sex-specific results suggest that individual differences in childhood CV response to and recovery from mental stress may have prenatal origins. This phenomenon may be important in linking smaller body size at birth to adult CV disease.
PubMed ID
20535142 View in PubMed
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168 records – page 1 of 17.