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170 records – page 1 of 17.

Source
Angiol Sosud Khir. 2016;22(2):8-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016

Active travel to school and cardiovascular fitness in Danish children and adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature80341
Source
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Oct;38(10):1724-31
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2006
Author
Cooper Ashley R
Wedderkopp Niels
Wang Han
Andersen Lars Bo
Froberg Karsten
Page Angie S
Author Affiliation
Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom. ashley.cooper@bris.ac.uk
Source
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Oct;38(10):1724-31
Date
Oct-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Age Factors
Bicycling - physiology
Cardiovascular System
Child
Denmark
Ergometry
Female
Humans
Male
Motor Activity - physiology
Physical Fitness - physiology
Pilot Projects
Questionnaires
Respiration
School Health Services
Students
Walking - physiology
Abstract
PURPOSE: Active travel to school provides an opportunity for daily physical activity. Previous studies have shown that walking and cycling to school are associated with higher physical activity levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the way that children and adolescents travel to school is associated with level of cardiovascular fitness. METHODS: Participants were recruited via a proportional, two-stage cluster sample of schools (N = 25) in the region of Odense, Denmark as part of the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS). Nine hundred nineteen participants (529 children, age 9.7 +/- 0.5 yr; 390 adolescents, age 15.5 +/- 0.4 yr) completed a maximal cycle ergometer test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness (Wmax x kg(-1)). Mode of travel to school was investigated by questionnaire. Physical activity was measured in 531 participants using an accelerometer. Regression analyses with robust standard errors and adjustment for confounders (gender, age, body composition (skinfolds), pubertal status, and physical activity) and the cluster sampling procedure were used to compare fitness levels for different travel modes. Multinomial logistic regression was applied to assess the odds for belonging to quartiles of fitness. RESULTS: Children and adolescents who cycled to school were significantly more fit than those who walked or traveled by motorized transport and were nearly five times as likely (OR 4.8; 95% CI 2.8-8.4) to be in the top quartile of fitness. CONCLUSION: Cycling to school may contribute to higher cardiovascular fitness in young people.
PubMed ID
17019293 View in PubMed
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[Acute forms of cardiopathy in pneumonias in children of early age]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature44398
Source
Pediatr Akus Ginekol. 1969 Jan-Feb;1:9-10
Publication Type
Article
Author
O S Orach
Source
Pediatr Akus Ginekol. 1969 Jan-Feb;1:9-10
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology
Cardiovascular System - physiopathology
PubMed ID
5401012 View in PubMed
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Acute physiological responses in healthy men during whole-body vibration.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172790
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006 Feb;79(2):103-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Rammohan V Maikala
Sharla King
Yagesh N Bhambhani
Author Affiliation
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA. rammohan.maikala@libertymutual.com
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006 Feb;79(2):103-14
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alberta
Cardiac output
Cardiovascular System
Hand Strength
Human Body
Humans
Male
Occupational Exposure
Physical Fitness
Respiratory System
Spine - physiology
Vibration
Abstract
The influence of backrest support and handgrip contractions on acute metabolic, respiratory, and cardiovascular responses were evaluated in 13 healthy men during exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV).
Following assessment of aerobic fitness during arm cranking, subjects were exposed to frequencies 3, 4.5, and 6 Hz with 0.9 g(r.m.s) acceleration magnitude on a vibrating base in randomized order, on separate days. Each exposure included 6 min baseline without WBV, 8 min of WBV exposure either 'with' or 'without' backrest, 4 min recovery, followed by 8 min of WBV with opposite backrest condition, and 4 min recovery. During the final minute of WBV, subjects performed right hand maximal rhythmic handgrip contractions for one minute. During baseline and before completion of WBV session 'with' and 'without' backrest, cardiac output was estimated indirectly by carbon dioxide rebreathing.
At 3 and 4.5, and 3 and 6 Hz, absolute and relative oxygen uptake demonstrated significantly greater responses during sitting 'without' backrest than 'with' backrest (P
PubMed ID
16175416 View in PubMed
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Adaptation of cardiovascular system at high physical activity in the north

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102666
Source
Pages 145-146 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
ADAPTATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AT HIGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE NORTH 5.G. Kriroschekov 1 , I.A. Pinigina 2 1 /nstitute of Physiology SB RAMS, Siberia, 2 Yakuts Centre of Science, Yakutsk (SB RAMS) In order to study structurally functional changes of cardiovascular system and metabolic
  1 document  
Author
Kriroschekov, SG
Pinigina, IA
Author Affiliation
Institute of Physiology SB RAMS, Siberia, Yakuts Centre of Science, Yakutsk (SB RAMS)
Source
Pages 145-146 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Cardiovascular System
Sports
Yakut
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral Presentations. Chapter 3. Chronic Diseases.
Documents
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[A differential approach to applying the terrain cure to adolescents with arterial hypertension].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220402
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1993 Sep-Oct;(5):13-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
A I Kazets
A S Tarasova
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1993 Sep-Oct;(5):13-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Cardiovascular System - physiopathology
Exercise Test
Health Resorts
Hemodynamics
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis - physiopathology - rehabilitation
Physical Therapy Modalities - methods
Russia
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
The "severity index" obtained by specially devised algorithm and the type of central circulation served as the basis for adjustment of terrain exercise regimens in the treatment of hypertensive adolescents. The distance of the walk and the route topography were chosen differentially according to cardiac performance of each patient reflected in the above severity index of the disease.
PubMed ID
8266659 View in PubMed
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[Age-related characteristics of vascular system function in bronchial asthma patients being treated in an alpine climate].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242173
Source
Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1983 Mar-Apr;(2):39-41
Publication Type
Article

[Assessment of the Possibility of Comparing Mortality Rates from Diseases of the Circulatory System in the United States and Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature300100
Source
Kardiologiia. 2017 Jan; (1):5-16
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Date
Jan-2017
Author
S A Boytsov
E M Andreev
I V Samorodskaya
Author Affiliation
National Research Center for Preventive Medicine, Moscow, Russia.
Source
Kardiologiia. 2017 Jan; (1):5-16
Date
Jan-2017
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular System
Cause of Death
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Russia
United States
Abstract
to compare and discuss causes of differences between standardized mortality rates (SMR) from diseases of the circulatory system (DCS) among men and women older than 50 years in Russia and USA.
Data on mortality rate in the USA were taken from WHO mortality database (WHO MD), those on the USA population by 5-years age bands from Human Mortality Database (HMD). Information on mortality rates in Russia was obtained from Rosstat. In analysis we used age-adjusted death rates and SMR for DCS or ages more or equal 50 years. For standardization of mortality rates we used data of the European Standard Population 2013.
By 23 3-digit codes mortality rates among men in USA were higher than in Russia (in the structure of mortality among women there were 28 such codes). Portion of such deaths in Russia in total number of DCS deaths was 6.5% both for men and women, while figures for USA were 36.8 and 40%, respectively. About 99% of differences in SMR from DCS between countries were determined by 8 and 6 groups of causes in men and women, respectively. Analysis of 4-digit ICD codes showed that almost 40% of DSC class deaths both in Russia and USA had the forth digit of ICD-10 code 8 or 9 and were accompanied by wording "other" or "unspecified" or formulation of diseases which were not used in clinical practice and were absent in both guidelines issued by Russian or American professional societies. Despite existence of ICD rules the conducted analysis allows to state that those rules could be interpreted differently in various countries. This resulted in obtaining noncomparable data.
Comparison of mortality rates in USA and Russia based on existing ICD coding rules cannot be correctly performed. Therefore, this comparison does not allow to assess contribution of financing and organization of medical service in differences in mortality rates between two countries.
PubMed ID
28290828 View in PubMed
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170 records – page 1 of 17.