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Abdominal and gynoid adiposity and the risk of stroke.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature136783
Source
Int J Obes (Lond). 2011 Nov;35(11):1427-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2011
Author
F. Toss
P. Wiklund
P W Franks
M. Eriksson
Y. Gustafson
G. Hallmans
P. Nordström
A. Nordström
Author Affiliation
Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Source
Int J Obes (Lond). 2011 Nov;35(11):1427-32
Date
Nov-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdominal Fat - pathology - radiography
Absorptiometry, Photon
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Body Fat Distribution
Body mass index
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - pathology
Cohort Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology - pathology
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity - complications - epidemiology - pathology - radiography
Proportional Hazards Models
Risk factors
Stroke - epidemiology - etiology - pathology
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Previous studies have indicated that fat distribution is important in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We investigated the association between fat distribution, as measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and the incidence of stroke.
A cohort of 2751 men and women aged =40 years was recruited. Baseline levels of abdominal, gynoid and total body fat were measured by DXA. Body mass index (BMI, kg?m(-2)) was calculated. Stroke incidence was recorded using the regional stroke registry until subjects reached 75 years of age.
During a mean follow-up time of 8 years and 9 months, 91 strokes occurred. Of the adiposity indices accessed abdominal fat mass was the best predictor of stroke in women (hazard ratio (HR)=1.66, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.23-2.24 per standard deviation increase), whereas the ratio of gynoid fat to total fat mass was associated with a decreased risk of stroke (HR=0.72, 95% CI=0.54-0.96). Abdominal fat mass was the only of the adiposity indices assessed that was found to be a significant predictor of stroke in men (HR=1.49, 95% CI=1.06-2.09). The associations between abdominal fat mass and stroke remained significant in both women and men after adjustment for BMI (HR=1.80, 95% CI=1.06-3.07; HR=1.71, 95% CI=1.13-2.59, respectively). However, in a subgroup analyses abdominal fat was not a significant predictor after further adjustment for diabetes, smoking and hypertension.
Abdominal fat mass is a risk factor for stroke independent of BMI, but not independent of diabetes, smoking and hypertension. This indicates that the excess in stroke risk associated with abdominal fat mass is at least partially mediated through traditional stroke risk factors.
PubMed ID
21343905 View in PubMed
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Atherosclerotic disease in the femoral artery in hypertensive patients at high cardiovascular risk. The value of ultrasonographic assessment of intima-media thickness and plaque occurrence. Risk Intervention Study (RIS) Group.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature48277
Source
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1996 Aug;16(8):971-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1996
Author
M. Suurküla
B. Fagerberg
I. Wendelhag
S. Agewall
J. Wikstrand
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Physiology, Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
Source
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1996 Aug;16(8):971-7
Date
Aug-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Ankle - blood supply
Anthropometry
Arm - blood supply
Arteriosclerosis - epidemiology - pathology - ultrasonography
Blood pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - pathology - ultrasonography
Comorbidity
Comparative Study
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology
Feasibility Studies
Female
Femoral Artery - pathology - ultrasonography
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology
Intermittent Claudication - diagnosis - epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Observer Variation
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Smoking - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The aim of the present investigation was to examine the occurrence of ultrasound-assessed morphological changes in the right common femoral artery and relate these findings to the ankle-arm index and to symptoms of lower-extremity arterial disease in hypertensive men at high cardiovascular risk (n = 143). Comparisons were made with a healthy reference group consisting of age-matched men at low risk (n = 46). The results showed that it was possible to obtain high-quality measurements of intima-media thickness in about 80% of all men and that the intraobserver variability was satisfactory (14%). A normal mean intima-media thickness was defined, using data from the low-risk group. Plaque occurrence and mean intima-media thickness in the right common femoral artery were significantly associated with ankle-arm index both in the right and left leg. There were more and larger plaques, as well as thicker mean and maximum intima-media complexes, in the high-risk group than in the low-risk group. In the high-risk group, 11% suffered from symptoms of right lower-extremity artery disease, 20% had an ankle-arm index
PubMed ID
8696961 View in PubMed
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Source
Can J Cardiol. 2004 Dec;20(14):1415
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2004
Author
Paul Malik
Author Affiliation
Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Can J Cardiol. 2004 Dec;20(14):1415
Date
Dec-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - pathology - prevention & control
Coronary Artery Disease - epidemiology - pathology - prevention & control
Humans
Internet
Primary prevention - methods
Risk factors
Notes
Comment In: Can J Cardiol. 2005 Nov;21(13):1225; author reply 122616389686
PubMed ID
15614333 View in PubMed
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Source
Wiad Lek. 2015;68(4):596-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
R D Filippova
N R Stepanova
V N Nikiforova
Source
Wiad Lek. 2015;68(4):596-7
Date
2015
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - pathology
Female
Health status
Hematologic Neoplasms - epidemiology - pathology
Humans
Incidence
Maternal mortality
Middle Aged
Pregnancy
Pregnant Women
Russia - epidemiology
Urologic Diseases - epidemiology - pathology
Young Adult
Abstract
The article covers the study into the structure of extragenital pathology in pregnantwomen based on the data obtained at the antenatal clinic of the perinatal center of the State Organization of the Ministry of Health of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) National Center of Medicine - Republican Hospital No. 1 in 2013. The presence of extragenital pathology in pregnant women is a major factor in the high risk of maternal mortality. The majority of women (90%) have two or more extragenital pathologies simultaneously. In the structure of extragenital pathology in pregnant women the first most prevalent diseases are urinary system diseases, 2nd most prevalent--diseases of the cardiovascular system, 3rd most prevalent--diseases of the hematopoietic system. Diseases of the circulatory system are the leading indications for termination of pregnancy. It is necessary to increase the efficiency of cooperation between gynecologists, internists and specialists to identify women at high risk of perinatal pathology, to form prognosis in terms of carrying of pregnancy and timely decision on its prolongation and perinatal care.
PubMed ID
26887145 View in PubMed
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[Influence of some weather factors and the geomagnetic activity on the development of severe cardiological pathologies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature145228
Source
Biofizika. 2010 Jan-Feb;55(1):133-44
Publication Type
Article
Author
V A Ozheredov
T K Breus
Iu I Gurfinkel'
B A Revich
T A Mitrofanova
Source
Biofizika. 2010 Jan-Feb;55(1):133-44
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - pathology
Female
Humans
Magnetics
Male
Moscow - epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Temperature
Weather
Abstract
The influence of weather factors (atmospheric pressure and temperature) and the geomagnetic activity on the development of severe cardiological pathologies has been studied using the daily data from two Moscow clinics, accumulated over a period of 12 and 7 years. It was shown that the most biotropic factors are variations of atmospheric temperature. The relative contribution of the geomagnetic activity to the development of diseases is only 20%; however, its action is combined with the effect of ordinary weather because both these factors affect the vascular tonus of humans.
PubMed ID
20184151 View in PubMed
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Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease stratified by body mass index categories in patients with wheelchair-dependent paraplegia after spinal cord injury.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature124764
Source
J Rehabil Med. 2012 May;44(5):440-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2012
Author
Peter Flank
Kerstin Wahman
Richard Levi
Martin Fahlström
Author Affiliation
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. peter.flank@home.se
Source
J Rehabil Med. 2012 May;44(5):440-3
Date
May-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Body mass index
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - pathology - prevention & control
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology - prevention & control
Dyslipidemias - epidemiology - pathology
Female
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology - prevention & control
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity - epidemiology - prevention & control
Paraplegia - epidemiology - etiology - pathology
Prevalence
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Spinal Cord Injuries - complications - pathology
Statistics as Topic
Sweden - epidemiology
Wheelchairs
Wounds and Injuries - complications
Young Adult
Abstract
To assess risk factors for cardiovascular disease at different body mass index values in persons with wheelchair-dependent paraplegia after spinal cord injuries.
Cross-sectional study.
A total of 135 individuals, age range 18-79 years, with chronic (=?1 year) post-traumatic paraplegia.
Body mass index was stratified into 6 categorical groups. Cardiovascular disease risk factors for hypertension, diabetes mellitus and a serum lipid profile were analysed and reported by body mass index category.
More than 80% of the examined participants had at least one cardiovascular disease risk factor irrespective of body mass index level. Hypertension was highly prevalent, especially in men. Dyslipidaemia was common at all body mass index categories in both men and women.
Higher body mass index values tended to associate with more hypertension and diabetes mellitus, whereas dyslipidaemia was prevalent across all body mass index categories. Studies that intervene to reduce weight and or percentage body fat should be performed to determine the effect on reducing modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors.
Notes
Erratum In: J Rehabil Med. 2012 Jul;44(8):708
PubMed ID
22549653 View in PubMed
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6 records – page 1 of 1.