A previously healthy woman was admitted to hospital after 'flu-like' symptoms for 5 days followed by acute intense abdominal and lower back pain. On admission she was found to be in severe shock and was transferred to the ICU. Echocardiography revealed cardiac tamponade, and pericardiocentesis was performed immediately. Thereafter her cardiovascular state improved, but she developed hypotension with low systemic vascular resistance and required vasoactive treatment for 4 days. Nine days after admission the patient was transferred to the ward, after which she recovered rapidly and completely. The cause of her illness was extensively screened. No underlying disease was found, and all bacterial cultures remained negative. Acute virus infection was confirmed by diagnostic elevations of antibody titers to Influenza A and adenovirus. Adenovirus was also isolated from her bronchoalveolar lavage fluid.
The case of a 6-year-old Inuit female with the epidemic form of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) with myocardial involvement and probable cardiac tamponade is presented. This case illustrates the multisystemic nature of the syndrome, and to our knowledge, cardiac tamponade as a probable terminal event in HUS has not been reported previously.
The incidence and short- and long-term outcomes of coronary artery perforation (CAP) are not well described.Methods and Results:We analyzed the characteristics and the short- and long-term outcomes of CAP among 243,149 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) from 2005 until 2017 in the national Swedish registry. We identified 1,008 cases of CAP with an incidence of 0.42%. Major adverse event rates were significantly higher in patients with CAP than non-CAP (P
A case of malignant pericardial effusion associated with endometrial adenocarcinoma is presented. A total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and partial omentectomy was performed 8 months before the occurrence of cardiac tamponade. The treatment of malignant pericardial effusion consisted of emergency pericardiocentesis and systemic chemotherapy and a clinical response for 6 months was achieved.
To prospectively survey perforation complications of consecutively inserted percutaneous central venous catheters (PCVC) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants over a 2 year period.
Three serious perforation complications were encountered in a series of 100 consecutive PCVC. One infant (birthweight 685 g) developed pericardial effusion and fatal cardiac tamponade during the use of a polyurethane PCVC. At autopsy, the pericardial sac contained 8 mL fluid with a glucose concentration of 109 mmol/L and the catheter tip was embedded in the right ventricular wall. The second infant (birthweight 1380 g) showed pleural effusion and transient immobility of the right diaphragmatic leaf after perforation of a similar PCVC into the right pleural cavity. The third perforation, causing subcutaneous oedema, occurred in a 655 g infant who had a silastic PCVC.
The data suggest a 3% incidence for PCVC-associated symptomatic perforation complications and a 1% incidence for fatal perforations, despite a policy of careful placement. The data also indicate that perforation complications occur regardless of the size or material of the PCVC. Proper visualization of the PCVC and vigilant attention to its location is required to prevent these rare but potentially fatal complications.
A 6.5-year-old, spayed female Siberian husky presented with signs of cardiac tamponade and weakness. Pleural, pericardial, and abdominal effusion were identified with radiographs and ultrasound. Pericardiocentesis relieved signs of tamponade, and the dog was clinically improved. Pericardial effusion recurred, and pericardiectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of excised tissues failed to reveal evidence of infectious or neoplastic disease. After pericardiectomy, clinically apparent thoracic effusion persisted. The dog was euthanized, and postmortem histopathological examination revealed emboli of metastatic carcinoma cells in the epicardium. The location of intrathoracic disease in this dog made antemortem diagnosis difficult, if not impossible.
In order to clarify the significance of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a cause of cardiac compression, we scrutinized pericardiectomy files of 47 patients over a ten-year period at two university hospitals in Finland. Five patients with RA were found. All the patients with RA were men with seropositive disease and subcutaneous rheumatoid nodules. Two of the patients had pulmonary fibrosis, one had cutaneous vasculitis and three had had rheumatoid pleurisy. There was a mean delay of 10 months from the first cardiac symptom to the diagnosis of cardiac compression, the most common misdiagnosis being primarily a liver disease. On the basis of clinical and operative data, four out of the five patients had constrictive pericarditis and one had an effusive-constrictive form of the disease. The histopathological findings in all cases were consistent with chronic fibrosing pericarditis. A follow-up of seven to seventeen years of four patients has not revealed any signs of recurrent pericardial disease. Our results demonstrate that RA is an important aetiological factor for cardiac compression. The long-term outcome of this manifestation seems to be good after pericardiectomy.