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235 records – page 1 of 24.

[About the possibility to detect the fact of corpse transportation from the sea coastline with the subsequent burial].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263372
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2015 Jan-Feb;58(1):13-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
D Yu Ponomarev
A V Nikitaev
A M Kurch
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2015 Jan-Feb;58(1):13-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Bone and Bones - pathology
Burial
Cadaver
Drowning - pathology
Forensic Anthropology - methods
Humans
Oceans and Seas
Postmortem Changes
Russia
Seawater
Abstract
The objective of the present work was to detect and describe the new features characterizing the long-term stay of a corpse in seawater followed by its burial on earth. The bones of the skeletonized corpse were found to be covered with mussels and petrified sea worms that can serve as the indicators of staying the corps in seawater and its subsequent transportation from the sea coastline to the inland. These findings can be used to clarify the circumstances of death of the people found in the illegal burial places at the seacoast of maritime areas.
PubMed ID
25874312 View in PubMed
Less detail

Accepting kidneys from older living donors: impact on transplant recipient outcomes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature136196
Source
Am J Transplant. 2011 Apr;11(4):743-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2011
Author
A. Young
S J Kim
M R Speechley
A. Huang
G A Knoll
G V Ramesh Prasad
D. Treleaven
M. Diamant
A X Garg
Author Affiliation
Division of Nephrology, University of Western Ontario, Canada. ann.young@lhsc.on.ca
Source
Am J Transplant. 2011 Apr;11(4):743-50
Date
Apr-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Cadaver
Canada
Cohort Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Graft Rejection
Humans
Kidney - physiopathology - surgery
Kidney Function Tests
Kidney Transplantation - mortality
Living Donors
Male
Medical Records
Middle Aged
Registries
Retrospective Studies
Tissue and Organ Procurement
Young Adult
Abstract
Older living kidney donors are regularly accepted. Better knowledge of recipient outcomes is needed to inform this practice. This retrospective cohort study observed kidney allograft recipients from Ontario, Canada between January 2000 and March 2008. Donors to these recipients were older living (= 60 years), younger living, or standard criteria deceased (SCD). Review of medical records and electronic healthcare data were used to perform survival analysis. Recipients received 73 older living, 1187 younger living and 1400 SCD kidneys. Recipients of older living kidneys were older than recipients of younger living kidneys. Baseline glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of older kidneys was 13 mL/min per 1.73 m² lower than younger kidneys. Median follow-up time was 4 years. The primary outcome of total graft loss was not significantly different between older and younger living kidney recipients [adjusted hazard ratio, HR (95%CI): 1.56 (0.98-2.49)]. This hazard ratio was not proportional and increased with time. Associations were not modified by recipient age or donor eGFR. There was no significant difference in total graft loss comparing older living to SCD kidney recipients [HR: 1.29 (0.80-2.08)]. In light of an observed trend towards potential differences beyond 4 years, uncertainty remains, and extended follow-up of this and other cohorts is warranted.
PubMed ID
21401866 View in PubMed
Less detail

Access to organs for transplantation: overcoming "rejection".

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239279
Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1985 Jan 15;132(2):113-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-15-1985
Author
M A Somerville
Source
Can Med Assoc J. 1985 Jan 15;132(2):113-7
Date
Jan-15-1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cadaver
Canada
Commerce
Contract Services - legislation & jurisprudence
Ethics, Medical
Graft Rejection
Health Services Accessibility - economics - legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Kidney Transplantation
Tissue Donors - psychology
Abstract
Recent success in overcoming rejection of transplanted organs has led to a much greater demand for organs from donors and to a reconsideration of mechanisms for increasing the availability of organs from cadavers. In the latter respect the two basic systems are "contracting-in" and "contracting-out". Each system has different benefits and harms, and it is a value judgement that should be adopted. However, both systems raise legal, ethical and practical issues that must be addressed if organs for transplantation are to become available to all who need them.
Notes
Cites: Lancet. 1984 Feb 18;1(8373):407-811644279
Cites: Hastings Cent Rep. 1983 Apr;13(2):20-26853148
Cites: Hastings Cent Rep. 1983 Dec;13(6):23-326360951
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 1983 May;143(5):975-86679240
Cites: N Engl J Med. 1984 Mar 29;310(13):864-86366555
Cites: Hastings Cent Rep. 1984 Feb;14(1):22-36715148
Cites: JAMA. 1984 Mar 23-30;251(12):15926700059
PubMed ID
3880649 View in PubMed
Less detail

Airway sonography in live models and cadavers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113508
Source
J Ultrasound Med. 2013 Jun;32(6):1049-58
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2013
Author
Ban Tsui
Vivian Ip
Anil Walji
Author Affiliation
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. btsui@ualberta.ca
Source
J Ultrasound Med. 2013 Jun;32(6):1049-58
Date
Jun-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Airway Management - methods
Alberta
Cadaver
Female
Humans
Lung - ultrasonography
Male
Radiology - education
Reproducibility of Results
Respiratory System - ultrasonography
Sensitivity and specificity
Ultrasonography, Interventional - methods
Abstract
Sonography using cadavers is beneficial in teaching and learning sonoanatomy, which is particularly important because imaging of the airway can be challenging due to the cartilaginous landmarks and air artifacts. In this exploratory study, we have attempted to compare the airway sonoanatomy of cadavers and live models. Our observations support the use of cadavers as teaching tools for learning airway sonoanatomy and practicing procedures involving airway structures, such as superior laryngeal nerve blocks, transtracheal injections, and needle cricothyroidotomy, before performance on patients in clinical situations. We believe this process will improve patient safety and enhance the competency of trainees and practitioners in rare procedures such as needle cricothyroidotomy.
PubMed ID
23716527 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Analysis of elemental composition of bone tissue by the method of laser mass spectrometry to diagnose of human medico-biological characteristics].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160030
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2007 Sep-Oct;50(5):32-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
T G Krymova
V V Kolkutin
N E Beniaev
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2007 Sep-Oct;50(5):32-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Bone and Bones - chemistry - pathology
Cadaver
Elements
Female
Forensic Anthropology - methods
Forensic Pathology - methods
Humans
Lasers
Male
Mass Spectrometry - methods
Middle Aged
Russia
Abstract
The results of analysis of elemental composition of human bone tissue by the method of laser mass spectrometry are published for the first time. This method makes it possible to detect about 20 elements of bone tissue at once. Quantitative analysis of 1 microgram/gram of an element contained in bone tissue is sufficient to diagnose of human medico-biological characteristics by this method.
PubMed ID
18050689 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Analysis of the frequency of various blood groups among the population of the Udmurt republic from 1994-2001].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187110
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2002 Sep-Oct;45(5):25-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
O L Gorbunova
M L Moreva
A V Shirobokov
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2002 Sep-Oct;45(5):25-6
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood Group Antigens
Cadaver
Forensic Medicine - methods
Gene Frequency
Humans
Russia
Abstract
Statistics are presented on the incidence of blood groups of 6 systems in the population of the Udmurt Republic. The data are compared with the results of similar surveys in other regions of the Russian Federation.
PubMed ID
12516272 View in PubMed
Less detail

An analysis of predictors of long-term cadaveric renal allograft survival.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214672
Source
Clin Transplant. 1995 Aug;9(4):282-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1995
Author
E. Cole
D. Naimark
M. Aprile
J. Wade
D. Cattran
Y. Pei
S. Fenton
M. Robinette
J. Zaltsman
R. Bear
Author Affiliation
Renal Transplantation Programme, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Clin Transplant. 1995 Aug;9(4):282-8
Date
Aug-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Actuarial Analysis
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Antilymphocyte Serum - therapeutic use
Cadaver
Creatinine - blood
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Forecasting
Graft Rejection - epidemiology
Graft Survival
Humans
Immunization
Immunosuppressive Agents - therapeutic use
Kidney Transplantation - pathology - physiology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Ontario - epidemiology
Risk factors
Survival Analysis
Transplantation Immunology
Transplantation, Homologous
Abstract
To determine factors predictive of long-term graft function in patients treated prophylactically with an antilymphocyte antibody, 670 first cadaveric adult renal transplant procedures performed between 1985 and 1991 were reviewed. The actuarial 1- and 5-year patient survival in this group was 95% and 87% respectively, and graft survival was 84% and 70% respectively. The final analysis was based on a study group of 635 patients which excluded 28 patients who lost grafts to early technical failures and 8 patients who were not induced with an antilymphocyte preparation. Multivariate analysis showed that 5-year graft survival was lower in patients with delayed graft function (p = 0.0001), in those who had an acute rejection episode in the first 6 months post-transplant (p = 0.0001), recipients greater than 55 years of age at the time of transplant (p = 0.0001), in patients who were highly sensitized at the time of transplant (p = 0.0331) and, finally, in those who received a graft from an older donor (p = 0.044). The 209 patients with delayed graft function had a 16% lower long-term graft survival than 425 patients with early graft function (62% vs. 78% respectively at 5 years). One or more rejection episodes in the first 6 months post-transplant (329 patients) reduced long-term graft survival by 13% compared to those who did not have a rejection episode (67% vs. 80% respectively at 5 years).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
PubMed ID
7579734 View in PubMed
Less detail

[An analysis of the biophenology of the chance entomofauna of a putrescent corpse and the ground beneath it].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221410
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 1993 Apr-Jun;36(2):3-5
Publication Type
Article

An antidote to the emerging two tier organ donation policy in Canada: the Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175496
Source
J Med Ethics. 2005 Apr;31(4):188-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2005
Author
S. Giles
Author Affiliation
Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, 200 Elizabeth Street, Room ESG-470, Toronto, ON, M5G 2C4, Canada. stephen.giles@uhn.on.ca
Source
J Med Ethics. 2005 Apr;31(4):188-91
Date
Apr-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude
Cadaver
Canada
Humans
Kidney Transplantation - ethics
Moral Obligations
Public Policy
Tissue Donors - ethics
Tissue and Organ Procurement - ethics
Abstract
In Canada, as in many other countries, there exists an organ procurement/donation crisis. This paper reviews some of the most common kidney procurement and allocation programmes, analyses them in terms of public and private administration, and argues that privately administered living donor models are an inequitable stopgap measure, the good intentions of which are misplaced and opportunistic. Focusing on how to improve the publicly administered equitable cadaveric donation programme, and at the same time offering one possible explanation for its current failure, it is suggested that the simple moral principle of "give and you shall receive", already considered by some, be extended further. This would allow for those who are willing to sign up to be a public cadaveric donor be given a priority for receiving an organ donation should they ever require it. It is argued that this priority may provide the motivation to give that is so far lacking in Canada. This model is called the Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program.
Notes
Cites: J Med Ethics. 1999 Oct;25(5):365-610536758
Cites: Annu Rev Med. 2000;51:393-40610774472
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2000 Aug 10;343(6):433-610933745
Cites: Transpl Int. 2000;13 Suppl 1:S607-811112083
Cites: N Engl J Med. 2002 Jun 20;346(25):2002-512075064
Cites: Lancet. 1998 May 30;351(9116):1650-29620733
Cites: CMAJ. 1989 Jul 15;141(2):107-102743226
Cites: N Engl J Med. 1997 Feb 6;336(6):422-319010150
Cites: N Engl J Med. 1997 Jun 12;336(24):1752-59180096
Cites: CMAJ. 1998 Jan 27;158(2):231-49469147
Cites: Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 2001 Mar;11(1):1-1612166442
PubMed ID
15800355 View in PubMed
Less detail

An appraisal of living donor kidney transplantation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210506
Source
Transplant Proc. 1996 Dec;28(6):3559-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1996

235 records – page 1 of 24.