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236 records – page 1 of 24.

[2 alcoholization operations on the labyrinth of the ear]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature13256
Source
Zh Ushn Nos Gorl Bolezn. 1975 Sep-Oct;(5):93-4
Publication Type
Article

15 years after Chernobyl: new evidence of thyroid cancer.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19395
Source
Lancet. 2001 Dec 8;358(9297):1965-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-8-2001
Author
Y. Shibata
S. Yamashita
V B Masyakin
G D Panasyuk
S. Nagataki
Source
Lancet. 2001 Dec 8;358(9297):1965-6
Date
Dec-8-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adolescent
Byelarus - epidemiology
Child
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology
Nuclear Reactors
Population Surveillance
Radioactive fallout
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
The Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident happened on April 26, 1986. We investigated the cause of the striking increase in frequency of thyroid cancer in children who lived within a 150 km radius of Chernobyl and who were born before and after the accident. No thyroid cancer was seen in 9472 children born in 1987-89, whereas one and 31 thyroid cancers were recorded in 2409 children born April 27, 1986, to Dec 31, 1986, and 9720 born Jan 1, 1983, to April 26, 1986, respectively. Short-lived radioactive fallout caused by the Chernobyl accident probably induced thyroid cancer in children living near Chernobyl.
PubMed ID
11747925 View in PubMed
Less detail

[15 years after the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19138
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2002 Mar-Apr;42(2):228-33
Publication Type
Article
Author
L A Buldakov
A K Gus'kova
Author Affiliation
State Research Centre-Institute of Biophysics, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, 123182 Russia.
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2002 Mar-Apr;42(2):228-33
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Byelarus - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Power Plants
Pregnancy
Prognosis
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries - epidemiology
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Time Factors
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
Health effects as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant occurred in 1986 are considered in the paper. Wrong prognosis of the health effects with respect to mortality and morbidity among the population exposed to low radiation doses is shown. Proven increase in thyroid cancer cases among people who were children aged from 0 to 18 at the time of the accident is shown. Linear relationship between thyroid cancer cases and dose to thyroid ranged from 0.2 to 4.0 Gy is considered. An additional absolute risk of thyroid cancer in children varies in the range 1.9-2.6 cases per 10(4) person-year Gy. During the fifteen years following the accident no cases of acute and chronic radiation sickness have been revealed because the population living in contaminated areas received low radiation doses. Also, exposures to low radiation doses did not result in excess of malignant tumors among population. In some cases the outcomes of acute radiation sickness were as follows: radiation damages to the skin, cancer cataracts, development of oncopathology.
PubMed ID
12004624 View in PubMed
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[20-year morpholoogical findings in the study of medical aftereffects of the Chernobyl accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82012
Source
Arkh Patol. 2006 Mar-Apr;68(2):3-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
Lushnikov E F
Source
Arkh Patol. 2006 Mar-Apr;68(2):3-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - mortality - pathology
Accidents, Radiation - mortality
Byelarus
Chernobyl Nuclear Accident
History, 20th Century
Humans
Male
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - mortality - pathology
Power Plants
Radiation Dosage
Russia
Time Factors
Ukraine
Abstract
Presented are the results of morphological studies of radiation sickness, congenital malformations and malignant tumors which have developed in Chemobyl victims. Until now consequences of the accident remain a subject of practical and research medicine. Scope of relevant topical problems the pathologists will have to investigate in the future is discussed.
PubMed ID
16752499 View in PubMed
Less detail

137Cs concentration among children in areas contaminated with radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl accident: Mogilev and Gomel Oblasts, Belarus.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature35314
Source
Health Phys. 1995 May;68(5):733-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1995
Author
W S Watson
Source
Health Phys. 1995 May;68(5):733-5
Date
May-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adolescent
Body Burden
Byelarus
Cesium Radioisotopes - adverse effects - analysis
Child
Humans
Power Plants
Radioactive Fallout - adverse effects - analysis
Ukraine
Notes
Comment On: Health Phys. 1994 Sep;67(3):272-58056594
Comment In: Health Phys. 1995 Dec;69(6):9877493819
PubMed ID
7730075 View in PubMed
Less detail

Absence of G(s)alpha gene mutations in childhood thyroid tumors after Chernobyl in contrast to sporadic adult thyroid neoplasia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature22036
Source
Cancer Res. 1997 Jun 15;57(12):2358-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-15-1997
Author
V. Waldmann
H M Rabes
Author Affiliation
Institute of Pathology, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, München, Germany.
Source
Cancer Res. 1997 Jun 15;57(12):2358-61
Date
Jun-15-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Byelarus - epidemiology
Carcinoma, Papillary - epidemiology - genetics - pathology
Child
GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs - genetics
Humans
Mutation
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Thyroid Neoplasms - epidemiology - genetics - pathology
Ukraine
Abstract
Heterotrimeric G proteins participate in the signal transduction cascade. Adult thyroid tumors have been shown to harbor specific point mutations in codons 201 and 227 of the G(s)alpha subunit of the adenylate cyclase stimulator. This protein affects the GDP/GTP turnover and finally results in an enhanced activation of G(s) and thus adenylate cyclase. We attempted to find out if G(s)alpha gene mutations were present in thyroid tumors of children from Belarus after the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Paraffin sections of 20 thyroid tumors were used for PCR amplification by oligonucleotide intron primers flanking exons 8 and 9, encompassing codon 201 and 227, respectively. By direct sequencing of the 274-bp amplification product, we did not detect any mutations of the G(s)alpha gene in codon 201 or 227. In contrast to thyroid neoplasia of adults, G(s)alpha gene mutations do not play a role in the development of childhood thyroid tumors after the Chernobyl reactor accident.
PubMed ID
9192808 View in PubMed
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Absence of RAS and p53 mutations in thyroid carcinomas of children after Chernobyl in contrast to adult thyroid tumours.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature21720
Source
Br J Cancer. 1998 Mar;77(6):952-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1998
Author
B. Suchy
V. Waldmann
S. Klugbauer
H M Rabes
Author Affiliation
Institute of Pathology, University of Munich, Germany.
Source
Br J Cancer. 1998 Mar;77(6):952-5
Date
Mar-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adult
Age Factors
Base Sequence
Byelarus
Child
Exons
Gene Rearrangement
Genes, Regulator
Genes, p53
Genes, ras
Humans
Mutagenesis
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology - genetics
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
Radioactive fallout
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Thyroid Neoplasms - etiology - genetics
Ukraine
Abstract
Thyroid carcinomas of an additional series of 34 children exposed to radioactive fall-out after the Chernobyl reactor accident were analysed for mutations in the H-, K- and N-RAS and the p53 gene. Allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization, single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and direct sequencing did not disclose mutations in codons 12, 13 and 61 of RAS genes nor mutations in exons 5, 7 and 8 of p53. Considering the recently reported high prevalence of RET rearrangements of the PTC3 type in childhood tumours after Chernobyl (Klugbauer et al, 1995, Oncogene 11: 2459-2467), it follows that RET rearrangements are the most relevant molecular aberration in these radiation-induced tumours. RAS or p53 mutations do not play a role in childhood thyroid carcinogenesis after Chernobyl.
PubMed ID
9528840 View in PubMed
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[A comparative morphometric analysis of the degree of thyrocyte aggregation in preoperative and postoperative cytological material from patients with the identical thyroid pathology]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature22084
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1997 May-Jun;31(3):35-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
V A Kirillov
Iu P Iushchenko
Source
Tsitol Genet. 1997 May-Jun;31(3):35-9
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Adolescent
Adult
Byelarus
Cell Aggregation
Child
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Period
Power Plants
Statistics, nonparametric
Thyroid Diseases - pathology
Thyroid Gland - pathology
Ukraine
Abstract
The similarity of average parameters of thyrocyte aggregates and their distribution on histograms was revealed using comparative morphometric analysis of pre- and postoperative samples from thyroid glands of patients with identical histologic analyses. These regularities may be used as additional diagnostic criteria of thyroid cancer at both pre- and postoperative stages.
PubMed ID
9297290 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Activities of the Byelorussian scientific association of phthisiatrists and the phthisiatric organization of the Republic in the circumstances of complicated critical state of tuberculosis in connection with the Chernobyl AES accident]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36884
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1992;(1-2):59-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992

236 records – page 1 of 24.