Skip header and navigation

Refine By

5 records – page 1 of 1.

The efficacy of moderate-to-vigorous resistance exercise during pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature260628
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015 Jan;94(1):35-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2015
Author
Karolina Petrov Fieril
Anna Glantz
Monika Fagevik Olsen
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015 Jan;94(1):35-42
Date
Jan-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Blood Pressure Determination - methods
Female
Gestational Age
Heart Rate - physiology
Humans
Monitoring, Physiologic - methods
Physical Endurance - physiology
Physical Fitness - physiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy outcome
Prospective Studies
Quality of Life
Reference Values
Resistance Training - methods
Sweden
Abstract
To assess the effect and safety of moderate-to-vigorous resistance exercise during pregnancy.
Randomized controlled study.
Two antenatal clinics in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Ninety-two healthy pregnant women.
The intervention was administered during gestational weeks 14-25. The intervention group received supervised resistance exercise twice a week, performed at an activity level equivalent to within moderate-to-vigorous (n = 51). The control group received generalized exercise recommendation, a home-based training program and a telephone follow up (n = 41).
Health-related quality of life, physical strength, pain, weight, blood pressure, functional status, activity level, and perinatal data.
Functional status deteriorated during the intervention in both groups and pain increased. Significant differences between the groups were obtained only for birthweight. Newborns delivered by women who underwent resistance exercise during pregnancy were significantly heavier than those born to control women; 3561 (±452) g vs. 3251 (±437) g (p = 0.02), a difference that disappeared when adjustment was made for gestational age (p = 0.059). Both groups showed normal health-related quality of life, blood pressure, and perinatal data.
These findings indicate that supervised, moderate-to-vigorous resistance exercise does not jeopardize the health status of healthy pregnant women or the fetus during pregnancy, but instead appears to be an appropriate form of exercise in healthy pregnancy.
PubMed ID
25287282 View in PubMed
Less detail

Endothelium-dependent vasodilation in relation to different measurements of blood pressure in the elderly: the prospective investigation of the vasculature in Uppsala Seniors study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155137
Source
Blood Press Monit. 2008 Oct;13(5):245-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2008
Author
Lars Lind
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. lars.lind@medsci.uu.se
Source
Blood Press Monit. 2008 Oct;13(5):245-50
Date
Oct-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acetylcholine - diagnostic use
Aged
Blood Pressure - physiology
Blood Pressure Determination - methods
Brachial Artery - physiology - ultrasonography
Endothelium, Vascular - physiology
Female
Humans
Male
Manometry
Nitroprusside - diagnostic use
Plethysmography
Prospective Studies
Sweden
Vasodilation - physiology
Abstract
We have earlier showed endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) in forearm resistance arteries to be mainly related to diastolic blood pressure (DBP), whereas flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) was mainly related to systolic blood pressure (SBP) when measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer in the brachial artery. Here, we investigated whether these relationships were more powerful if blood pressure was measured invasively or by transformation to central aortic blood pressure.
In the prospective study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors, 1016 patients aged 70 years were evaluated by the invasive forearm technique with acetylcholine (EDV), and brachial artery ultrasound to assess FMD. Blood pressure was measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer, invasively in the brachial artery and transformed to aortic blood pressure by pulse wave analysis.
EDV was related to DBP with a similar strength regardless of whether DBP was measured traditionally, invasively or as calculated aortic pressure. Similarly, FMD was related to SBP with similar strength regardless of whether SBP was measured traditionally, invasively or as calculated aortic pressure. Only FMD was significantly related to pulse pressure.
Measurements of blood pressure invasively or by calculation of aortic blood pressure did not increase the power of the associations between blood pressure and EDV in the elderly, when compared with traditional blood pressure measurements.
PubMed ID
18799948 View in PubMed
Less detail

Increased Levels of Modified Advanced Oxidation Protein Products Are Associated with Central and Peripheral Blood Pressure in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature273087
Source
Perit Dial Int. 2015 Jul-Aug;35(4):460-70
Publication Type
Article
Author
Hong Xu
Ivan Cabezas-Rodriguez
Abdul Rashid Qureshi
Olof Heimburger
Peter Barany
Sunna Snaedal
Björn Anderstam
Ann-Christin Bragfors Helin
Juan Jesus Carrero
Peter Stenvinkel
Bengt Lindholm
Source
Perit Dial Int. 2015 Jul-Aug;35(4):460-70
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Academic Medical Centers
Advanced Oxidation Protein Products - blood
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Biomarkers - blood
Blood Pressure Determination - methods
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Hypertension - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Kidney Failure, Chronic - blood - mortality - therapy
Linear Models
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Oxidative Stress - physiology
Peritoneal Dialysis - adverse effects - methods
Prognosis
Risk assessment
Severity of Illness Index
Statistics, nonparametric
Survival Rate
Sweden
Abstract
?
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Central blood pressure (BP) is thought to be more relevant than peripheral BP for the pathogenesis of CVD. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) are markers of oxidative stress. This study investigated the relationship between AOPP and central BP in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. ?
In a cross-sectional study of 75 PD patients (67% men), we analyzed two oxidative stress markers, AOPP (modified assay, mAOPP, correcting for the impact of triglycerides) and pentosidine, three inflammation markers, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). All patients underwent measurement of central systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) by applanation tonometry. ?
Patients with mAOPP levels above the median had a higher central SBP and DBP than those below the median values. In univariate analysis, the levels of mAOPP associated with central SBP and central DBP. Multiple regression analysis, adjusting for age, gender, diabetes, CVD, protein-energy wasting (PEW), hs-CRP and extracellular water by multi-frequency bioimpedance or N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), confirmed independent associations between mAOPP and central SBP and central DBP respectively. ?
The mAOPP level is independently associated with the central SBP and DBP in PD patients. This finding suggests that oxidative stress may be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension or that hypertension itself or factors associated with hypertension such as fluid overload may have an additional effect on oxidative stress in PD patients.
PubMed ID
24584606 View in PubMed
Less detail

[New Swedish standard gives values for blood pressure in children--better opportunities to detect and treat children with hypertension].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature267204
Source
Lakartidningen. 2015;112
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
Mikael Norman
Source
Lakartidningen. 2015;112
Date
2015
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Blood pressure
Blood Pressure Determination - methods
Body Height
Child
Female
Humans
Hypertension - diagnosis
Male
Reference Values
Sweden
Abstract
High blood pressure in children predicts hypertension in adulthood. Blood pressure should therefore be measured during childhood and adolescence, and if necessary treated at an early stage. The first Swedish standard for blood pressures in 6 to 16-year-old boys and girls is now available and recommended for screening or follow-up programs.
PubMed ID
25803529 View in PubMed
Less detail

Variant autonomic regulation during active standing in Swedish and Japanese junior high school children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature85809
Source
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2008 May;28(3):174-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2008
Author
Kajiura Mitsugu
Tanaka Hidetaka
Borres Magnus
Thulesius Olav
Yamaguchi Hitoshi
Tamai Hiroshi
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan. ped045@poh.osaka-med.ac.jp
Source
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2008 May;28(3):174-81
Date
May-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Algorithms
Asian Continental Ancestry Group - genetics
Autonomic Nervous System - physiology
Baroreflex - genetics
Blood Pressure - genetics
Blood Pressure Determination - methods
Electrocardiography
European Continental Ancestry Group - genetics
Female
Fingers - blood supply
Heart rate - genetics
Humans
Japan
Male
Posture
Puberty
Sex Factors
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Students
Supine Position
Sweden
Abstract
The present investigation is about cardiovascular responses and relevant autonomic function in Swedish and Japanese pubertal children on active standing using non-invasive continuous beat-to-beat finger arterial pressure (FAP) monitoring and power spectral analysis. Examined were 54 Swedish and 57 Japanese children (13-15 years). FAP and heart rate (HR) was continuously recorded in the supine position and during standing. Supine FAP was significantly higher in Swedish compared with Japanese children (121/62 versus 103/53 mmHg, P
PubMed ID
18279422 View in PubMed
Less detail