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Adipose tissue cellularity--metabolic aspects. The population study of women in Göteborg 1974-1975.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature48984
Source
Acta Med Scand. 1979;206(6):501-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1979
Author
H. Noppa
C. Bengtsson
B. Isaksson
U. Smith
Source
Acta Med Scand. 1979;206(6):501-6
Date
1979
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adipose Tissue - cytology - pathology
Adult
Aged
Anthropometry
Blood Glucose - analysis
Body Composition
Cell Count
Coronary Disease - blood - pathology
Diabetes Mellitus - blood - pathology
Female
Humans
Hypertension - blood - pathology
Lipids - blood
Middle Aged
Risk
Sweden
Uric Acid - blood
Abstract
A representative population sample of middle-aged women was studied in 1974-75. In a subsample, body composition and adipose tissue cellularity variables were determined and individuals with a particular clinical disorder were compared with the total subsample. Women with diabetes mellitus had more body fat and higher fat cell weights and larger fat cell members, whereas these variables did not differ in women with IHD or hypertension compared with the total subsample. Total body fat correlated with arterial BPs, fasting blood glucose, serum lipids and serum uric acid. The correlations were stronger than those reported previously by us between weight index and these variables. In univariate analyses, fat cell weight correlated with systolic BP, serum triglycerides and serum uric acid, and fat cell number with diastolic BP, fasting blood glucose and serum uric acid. In multivariate analyses, when due allowance was made for total body fat, the correlations between these variables and fat cell weight or fat cell number did not reach statistical significance.
PubMed ID
532712 View in PubMed
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Age and gender differences in the association between Nt-proBNP and glucometabolic disturbances.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature134279
Source
Scand Cardiovasc J. 2011 Oct;45(5):294-300
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2011
Author
Margret Leosdottir
Ronnie Willenheimer
Christian Hall
Solve Tjora
Johan Malm
Olle Melander
Peter M Nilsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiology, Skane University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. Margret.Leosdottir@med.lu.se
Source
Scand Cardiovasc J. 2011 Oct;45(5):294-300
Date
Oct-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Biological Markers - blood
Blood Glucose - analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Fasting - blood
Female
Glucose Metabolism Disorders - blood - diagnosis
Heart Diseases - blood - diagnosis - physiopathology
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Middle Aged
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain - blood
Peptide Fragments - blood
Predictive value of tests
Sex Factors
Sweden
Abstract
Glucometabolic disturbances are associated with myocardial dysfunction. Brain natriuretic peptides (BNP) are used for detecting myocardial dysfunction in clinical practice. However, studies on elderly subjects and gender-specific analyses are sparse.
We examined cross-sectional associations between Nt-proBNP and 1) fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and 2) categories of glucometabolic disturbances, in middle-aged and older subjects (1266 men, 526 women), applying multivariate linear regression analysis.
FPG was positively correlated with Nt-proBNP among middle-aged men (p = 0.04) and negatively albeit non-significantly (p = 0.1) among middle-aged women. Weaker non-significant correlations were seen among older subjects. Middle-aged men with new-onset and prevalent diabetes had higher Nt-proBNP than the reference group (FPG =5.0 mmol/L): 9.53 (p = 0.002) and 8.23 (p = 0.02) vs. 5.71 pmol/L. No differences in Nt-proBNP between categories of glucometabolic disturbance were observed among older men or women.
The results indicate an age- and gender difference in the ability of Nt-proBNP to identify myocardial dysfunction in relation to glucometabolic disturbances. Therefore, Nt-proBNP should be used with caution as a general surrogate marker for myocardial dysfunction in this setting.
PubMed ID
21604967 View in PubMed
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Associations between smoking and beta-cell function in a non-hypertensive and non-diabetic population. Skaraborg Hypertension and Diabetes Project.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10386
Source
Diabet Med. 2000 Jun;17(6):445-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2000
Author
C J Ostgren
U. Lindblad
J. Ranstam
A. Melander
L. Råstam
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden. ostgren.039010879@telia.com
Source
Diabet Med. 2000 Jun;17(6):445-50
Date
Jun-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking
Blood Glucose - analysis
Blood pressure
Body mass index
Cholesterol - blood
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Insulin - blood - secretion
Islets of Langerhans - secretion
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Selection
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Smoking - physiopathology
Sweden
Triglycerides - blood
Abstract
AIMS: An increased risk for Type 2 diabetes in male and female smokers has been associated with insulin resistance. However, this might also be the result of an adverse effect on the beta-cell. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between smoking and beta-cell function. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional observation study. In 1994, a randomized age-stratified sample of men and women aged > or = 40 years in the city of Skara, Sweden, were invited to a survey of cardiovascular risk factors. In all, 1,109 subjects participated (80%). After the exclusion of subjects with known hypertension or diabetes mellitus, 874 subjects remained to explore. Samples were drawn after an overnight fast. Lifestyle (smoking, physical activity, alcohol consumption) was assessed using a questionnaire. Insulin resistance and insulin secretion were estimated using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA). RESULTS: Cigarette smoking men (n = 101) had a lower HOMA beta-cell value (58.1), than never-smokers (n = 158, beta-cell value 90.1, P
PubMed ID
10975213 View in PubMed
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[Back to the old criteria on diabetes mellitus! Premature decision to introduce the new diagnostic criteria]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature47931
Source
Lakartidningen. 1999 Sep 29;96(39):4207-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-29-1999
Author
R D Forrest
Source
Lakartidningen. 1999 Sep 29;96(39):4207-8
Date
Sep-29-1999
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood Glucose - analysis
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus - blood - diagnosis
Guidelines
Humans
Reference Values
Sweden
PubMed ID
10544586 View in PubMed
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Binge drinking and total alcohol consumption from 16 to 43 years of age are associated with elevated fasting plasma glucose in women: results from the northern Swedish cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature287112
Source
BMC Public Health. 2017 Jun 08;17(1):509
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-08-2017
Author
Karina Nygren
Anne Hammarström
Olov Rolandsson
Source
BMC Public Health. 2017 Jun 08;17(1):509
Date
Jun-08-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking - blood - epidemiology
Binge Drinking - blood
Blood Glucose - analysis
Cohort Studies
Fasting - blood
Female
Humans
Incidence
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Smoking - epidemiology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Young Adult
Abstract
Studies have indicated that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with lower incidence of diabetes in women. However, not only the amount but also the drinking pattern could be of importance when assessing the longitudinal relation between alcohol and glucose. Also, there is a lack of studies on alcohol use beginning in adolescence on adult glucose levels. The aim was to examine the association between total alcohol consumption and binge drinking between ages 16 and 43 and fasting plasma glucose at age 43.
Data were retrieved from a 27-year prospective cohort study, the Northern Swedish Cohort. In 1981, all 9th grade students (n = 1083) within a municipality in Sweden were invited to participate. There were re-assessments at ages 18, 21, 30 and 43. This particular study sample consisted of 897 participants (82.8%). Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) was measured at a health examination at age 43. Total alcohol consumption (in grams) and binge drinking were calculated from alcohol consumption data obtained from questionnaires.
Descriptive analyses showed that men had higher levels of fasting plasma glucose as compared to women. Men also reported higher levels of alcohol consumption and binge drinking behavior. Linear regressions showed that total alcohol consumption in combination with binge drinking between ages 16 and 43 was associated with elevated fasting plasma glucose at age 43 in women (beta = 0.14, p = 0.003) but not in men after adjustment for BMI, hypertension and smoking at age 43.
Our findings indicate that reducing binge drinking and alcohol consumption among young and middle-aged women with the highest consumption might be metabolically favorable for their future glucose metabolism.
Notes
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PubMed ID
28592314 View in PubMed
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Blood sugar levels are higher in obese young children in Sweden than in Poland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270553
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2014 Nov;103(11):1174-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2014
Author
Emilia Hagman
Perna Ighani Arani
Manjula Fischer
Pernilla Danielsson
Katarzyna Marcinkiewicz
Elzbieta Petriczko
Claude Marcus
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2014 Nov;103(11):1174-8
Date
Nov-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Blood Glucose - analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
Fasting
Female
Humans
Male
Pediatric Obesity - blood
Poland
Sweden
Abstract
An elevated fasting glucose level is an early sign of metabolic dysfunction in obese children. This study compared fasting glucose levels in obese young children in Poland and Sweden.
We identified 109 obese children aged between two and 10 years from a Polish obesity register, with a mean BMI SDS (SD) of 3.72 (0.86). Each Polish child was matched by gender, age and degree of obesity, with ten children (n = 1090) from BORIS, the Swedish national childhood obesity treatment register. A group of 86 Swedish nonobese children served as controls.
The mean fasting glucose values of the Polish, Swedish and nonobese cohorts were 4.73 (0.51) mmol/L, 4.92 (0.50) mmol/L and 4.56 (0.39) mmol/L, respectively. After adjusting for variables affecting fasting glucose, the mean glucose value of the Swedish obese children was 0.20 mmol/L higher than that of Polish obese children (p
PubMed ID
25060480 View in PubMed
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Body weight change in relation to incidence of ischemic heart disease and change in risk factors for ischemic heart disease.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature48963
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1980 Jun;111(6):693-704
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1980
Author
H. Noppa
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1980 Jun;111(6):693-704
Date
Jun-1980
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Angina Pectoris - epidemiology
Blood Glucose - analysis
Blood pressure
Body Weight
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - physiopathology
Diabetes Mellitus - physiopathology
Female
Humans
Hypertension - epidemiology
Lipids - blood
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology
Risk
Sampling Studies
Smoking - physiopathology
Sweden
Uric Acid - blood
Abstract
A representative population sample of middle-aged women was studied in 1968-1969 and re-studied in 1974-1975. A total of 1302 women participated in both studies (80.3% of the initial sample). A statistically significant correlation was found between weight gain and the incidences of angina pectoris and arterial hypertension. A statistically significant correlation was also found between cessation of smoking and weight gain. Regression analysis revealed statistically significant changes of systolic and diastolic blood pressures, fasting blood glucose, serum cholesterol, serum triglycerides and serum uric acid with changes in body weight.
PubMed ID
7386444 View in PubMed
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84 records – page 1 of 9.