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An international collaborative study of the epidemiology of esophageal atresia or stenosis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature59462
Source
Reprod Toxicol. 1993 Sep-Oct;7(5):405-21
Publication Type
Article
Author
E. Robert
O. Mutchinick
P. Mastroiacovo
L B Knudsen
A K Daltveit
E E Castilla
P. Lancaster
B. Källén
G. Cocchi
Author Affiliation
Institut Européen des Génomutations, Lyon, France.
Source
Reprod Toxicol. 1993 Sep-Oct;7(5):405-21
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abnormalities - epidemiology
Birth weight
Epidemiologic Factors
Esophageal Atresia - classification - epidemiology
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Multiple
Registries
Survival Rate
World Health
Abstract
Epidemiologic data were analyzed for a total of 2,693 infants with esophageal atresia registered in nine congenital malformation registries around the world. The average recorded prevalence at birth was 2.6 per 10,000 births, with a significant variability among programs--and sometimes within a program--and a maximum prevalence of above 3 per 10,000 births. Clusters of infants with esophageal atresia were observed but may be random. An increasing rate was seen during the period 1965 to 1975 (Norway, South America, Sweden). The type of esophageal atresia was specified in only 439 cases, but no major differences were seen in the epidemiologic characteristics of infants with the most common type (distal fistula) and infants with other types. There was an excess of low birth weight and preterm birth, and infants with esophageal atresia had a birth weight 500 to 1,000 g less than normal infants in each gestational week. There was an excess of twins, apparently mainly or exclusively due to monozygotic twinning, but in only two pairs did both twins have esophageal atresia. There was no effect seen of maternal age, but low parity, irrespective of maternal age, was associated with an increased risk for esophageal atresia. Infant survival varied among programs and depended heavily on associated malformations. Among 1,107 sibs born before the proband and 385 born after the proband, only 25 (1.7%) had a serious malformation; three had esophageal atresia. In 57.3% of the infants with esophageal atresia, no other malformations were present, in 36.4% other major malformations were recorded, and in 6.3% there were chromosomal anomalies. The malformations present associated with esophageal atresia were analyzed: a large proportion entered the constellation sometimes called "caudal mesoderm spectrum of malformations": VATER, Potter, and caudal regression sequences.
PubMed ID
8274816 View in PubMed
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Birth dimensions and risk of depression in adulthood: cohort study of Danish men born in 1953.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature45699
Source
Br J Psychiatry. 2005 May;186:400-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2005
Author
Merete Osler
Merete Nordentoft
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, Blegdamsvej 3, DK-2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark. m.osler@pubhealth.ku.dk
Source
Br J Psychiatry. 2005 May;186:400-3
Date
May-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Birth weight
Body Height
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Depressive Disorder - epidemiology - etiology
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Two British cohort studies have reported birth weight to be associated with self-reported depression in adulthood, even after adjustment for socio-economic factors. AIMS: To examine the relationship between birth dimensions and discharge from a psychiatric ward with a depression diagnosis in adulthood. METHOD: A cohort of 10 753 male singletons born in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1953 and for whom birth certificates had been traced in 1965 were followed from 1969 until 2002, with record linkage for date of first admission to a psychiatric ward that led to a discharge diagnosis of depression. RESULTS: A total of 190 men, corresponding to 1.8% of the cohort, had a discharge diagnosis of depression. The Cox's regression analyses failed to show any association between birth dimensions (birth weight and ponderal index) and risk of psychiatric ward diagnosis of depression in adult life, before or after adjustment for social indicators at birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study does not support the existence of a relation between birth dimensions and psychiatric ward admission for depression in adult men.
PubMed ID
15863744 View in PubMed
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Birth dimensions, parental mortality, and mortality in early adult age: a cohort study of Danish men born in 1953.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58283
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Feb;33(1):92-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2004
Author
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
Merete Osler
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Feb;33(1):92-9
Date
Feb-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Birth Weight - physiology
Body Constitution - physiology
Cause of Death
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Humans
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Liver Cirrhosis - mortality
Longevity - physiology
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Parents
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Birthweight has, in several studies, been associated with mortality in adult age, even after adjustment for available socioeconomic factors. This association has been explained as a biological result of fetal undernutrition (fetal programming), by genetic predisposition, as a result of confounding by factors related to social position and lifestyle, or by a combination of these mechanisms. This study examines the relationship between birth dimensions and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in early adulthood, taking parental lifespan and social position at time of birth into account. Furthermore, the relationship between offspring birth dimensions and parental mortality is addressed. METHODS: In all 10 753 male singletons born in the metropolitan area of Copenhagen, Denmark in 1953 whose birth certificates had been traced manually in 1965 were followed from 1968 to 2002 for information on parents' and own vital status by linkage with the Civil Registration System. Causes of death for the cohort members were identified by record linkage with the Cause-of-Death Registry. Hazard ratios and 95% CI were calculated using Cox regression models. RESULTS: Low birthweight and especially short birth length were strongly associated with adult mortality risk, but no relationship between low ponderal index at birth and mortality was found. The relationship between birth size and early adult mortality was only slightly attenuated after adjustment for early-life social position and/or maternal and paternal lifespan. The associations between birthweight/birth length and mortality were stronger for the age group 35-49 years compared with the age group 15-34 years. Cause-specific mortality was inversely related to small birth dimensions for all causes of death, but strongest and graded for death from liver cirrhosis. Offspring birth dimensions showed an inverse association with parental mortality, which was most pronounced for maternal mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The strong inverse association between birth dimensions and adult mortality, but lack of association between ponderal index and mortality, indicates that more complicated mechanisms than a general long-term detrimental effect of intrauterine growth retardation explain the association between birth size and adult mortality. The heterogeneous associations between birth dimensions and mortality in young and later adulthood, the minor differences in relative risk of cause-specific mortality, and the heterogeneity in the association between birth dimensions and maternal and paternal mortality, respectively, indicate that several mechanisms (factors related to social position, common genetic factors, and specific organ programming) may account for the relation between birth measures and later mortality.
PubMed ID
15075152 View in PubMed
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Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1988 Jun 13;150(24):1480-1
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-13-1988
Author
L B Knudsen
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1988 Jun 13;150(24):1480-1
Date
Jun-13-1988
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal
Abortion, Spontaneous - epidemiology
Birth rate
Denmark
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
Statistics
PubMed ID
3388554 View in PubMed
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[Births and abortions during 1985-1989]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37180
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Apr 15;153(16):1136-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-15-1991
Author
L B Knudsen
Author Affiliation
Medicinalstatistisk afdeling, Sundhedsstyrelsen, København.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Apr 15;153(16):1136-7
Date
Apr-15-1991
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal - statistics & numerical data
Abortion, Spontaneous - epidemiology
Adult
Birth rate
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
Abstract
With few exceptions, the number of births fell steadily in Denmark between the mid-60s and 1983, when 51,087 children were born, the lowest number on record. Since 1984 the number of births has risen and in 1989 about 61,700 children were born. In the period with declining number of births, the number of voluntary abortions fell nearly as much. After the law on permissive abortion went into effect on October 1, 1973, the number of abortions rose rapidly to a maximum of 27,884 in 1975, after which it declined steadily to 19, 919 in 1986 with a weak rise to 21,456 in 1989. Danish statistics on the total number of conceptions showed a steady decrease from 1974 through 1982 but a change to an increase after 1983. A parallel decrease in the fraction of conceptions carried to term also reversed after 1983. In 1973-74 the frequency of conception among women of fertile age was 85/1000; in 1982-83, 63.5; and in 1988-89, nearly 72. Spontaneous abortions rose by 1/3 from 8300 in 1982 to 11,600 in 1989. The sample does not reveal how much of the observed increase is due to increased hospital admission in early miscarriages and how much to a real increase. Age group statistics show that the number of teen pregnancies has fallen about 10% since 1982 while the numbers have risen for all other age groups. The strongest rise has been among the 30-34 year group, where the number of pregnancies has risen 20% since 1982.
PubMed ID
2024350 View in PubMed
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Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1986 Jun 9;148(24):1496-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-9-1986

Birth weight and polycystic ovary syndrome in adult life: a register-based study on 523,757 Danish women born 1973-1991.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature118503
Source
Fertil Steril. 2013 Mar 1;99(3):777-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1-2013
Author
Hanne Mumm
Mads Kamper-Jørgensen
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
Dorte Glintborg
Marianne Andersen
Author Affiliation
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark. hanne.mumm@ouh.regionsyddanmark.dk
Source
Fertil Steril. 2013 Mar 1;99(3):777-82
Date
Mar-1-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Birth weight
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 - epidemiology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - epidemiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy in Diabetics - epidemiology
Registries - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Young Adult
Abstract
To study the association between birth weight and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adult life in Danish women born 1973-1991.
Register study.
Data were extracted from the Danish Medical Birth Register and the Danish National Patient Register (NPR).
All female children born of Danish mothers in Denmark between 1973 and 1991 were included (n = 523,757) and followed for a total of 4,739,547 person-years at risk.
None.
Information on birth weight was extracted from the Danish Medical Birth Register. The cohort was followed up in the NPR for PCOS diagnoses from age 15 years until the end of 2006. Furthermore, information on maternal diabetes diagnoses was extracted from the NPR.
The risk of PCOS was significantly increased in women with birth weight =4,500 g (incidence rate ratio, 1.57; 95% confidence interval 1.21-2.03) compared to women with birth weight 3,000-3,499 g. All women with birth weight =4,500 g were born large for gestational age and a birth weight of 4,500 g represented the 98.5th percentile of the birth weights. Women born of mothers diagnosed with diabetes were at increased risk of PCOS. In these women the risk of PCOS increased with decreasing birth weight.
The risk of PCOS was increased in women born with birth weight =4,500 g. In women of diabetic mothers we found an increased risk of PCOS, which was inversely related to birth weight.
PubMed ID
23200688 View in PubMed
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Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia antibodies and pregnancy outcome in Danish women with occupational exposure to animals.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268495
Source
Int J Infect Dis. 2014 Nov;28:74-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2014
Author
Bjørn Kantsø
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
Kåre Mølbak
Karen Angeliki Krogfelt
Tine Brink Henriksen
Stine Yde Nielsen
Source
Int J Infect Dis. 2014 Nov;28:74-9
Date
Nov-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Spontaneous - epidemiology
Adult
Animals
Animals, Domestic
Antibodies, Bacterial - blood
Birth weight
Campylobacter - immunology
Denmark
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Pregnancy
Pregnancy outcome
Premature Birth - epidemiology
Risk factors
Salmonella - immunology
Yersinia - immunology
Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine antibody titres against Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia in a population-based cohort of pregnant women in Denmark in order to evaluate adverse pregnancy outcomes (miscarriage, preterm birth, and small for gestational age) in relation to occupational exposure to animals in women exposed to food producing animals.
We used data and blood samples from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Serum samples collected during the first trimester from 192 pregnant women who were occupationally exposed to domestic animals and 188 randomly selected unexposed pregnant women were analysed for IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies against Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia. Pregnancy outcomes of interest were identified through the Danish National Patient Register.
Women with occupational exposure to animals had significantly higher IgG antibody concentrations against Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia, whereas they had lower concentrations of IgM and IgA antibodies.
Serological markers were not identified as risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, with the exception of elevated concentrations of Salmonella antibodies, which were found to be associated with an increased risk of preterm birth.
PubMed ID
25245002 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1979 Jul 30;141(31):2134-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-30-1979
Author
L B Knudsen
C E Mabeck
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1979 Jul 30;141(31):2134-5
Date
Jul-30-1979
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Legal
Abortion, Spontaneous - epidemiology
Birth rate
Denmark
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
PubMed ID
483416 View in PubMed
Less detail

Childhood intelligence in relation to adult coronary heart disease and stroke risk: evidence from a Danish birth cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature29377
Source
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2005 Nov;19(6):452-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2005
Author
G David Batty
Erik L Mortensen
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
Merete Osler
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. david-b@msoc.mrc.gla.ac.uk
Source
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2005 Nov;19(6):452-9
Date
Nov-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Birth weight
Cerebrovascular Accident - epidemiology - psychology
Child
Cohort Studies
Coronary Disease - epidemiology - psychology
Denmark - epidemiology
Humans
Intelligence
Male
Odds Ratio
Psychometrics
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk Assessment - methods
Social Class
Abstract
While recent studies have reported an inverse relation between childhood intelligence test scores and all-cause mortality in later life, the link with disease-specific outcomes has been rarely examined. Furthermore, the potential confounding effect of birthweight and childhood social circumstances is unknown. We investigated the relation of childhood intelligence with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke risk in a cohort of 6910 men born in 1953 in the Copenhagen area of Denmark. Events were ascertained from 1978 to 2000 using a cause-of-death register and hospital discharge records. There were 150 CHD (19 fatal; 131 non-fatal) and 93 stroke (4 fatal; 89 non-fatal) events during follow-up into mid-life. Childhood intelligence was inversely related to CHD with the highest rate apparent in adults with low childhood test scores (HR(lowest vs. highest quartile), 2.70; 95% confidence interval: 1.60, 4.57; P(trend) = 0.0001). After adjustment for paternal social class and birthweight, this association was attenuated only marginally. There was little evidence of a IQ-stroke relationship. The cognitive characteristics captured by IQ testing in the present study, such as communication and problem solving ability, appear to be associated with risk of CHD. Health promotion specialists and clinical practitioners may wish to consider these skills in their interactions with the general public. Replication of these results using studies which hold data on intelligence and socio-economic position across the life course is required.
PubMed ID
16269073 View in PubMed
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40 records – page 1 of 4.