On a sample of 1240 persons from Bashkortostan, including Russian, Bashkirs and Tatars, the analysis of allele and genotype frequencies distribution of CYP1A2 gene polymorphism -163C>A was performed by PCR-RFLP in view of belonging to a particular age cohort. In Russian and Bashkirs ethnic groups we observed age-dependent decrease of CYP1A2*C allele and CYP1A2*CI*C genotype frequencies (in Russian statistically significant for allele and genotype, the Bashkirs--only for allele) and a statistically significant increase of CYP1A2*A allele and CYP1A2*A/*A genotype frequencies. The set reduction in the frequency of the wild allele CYP1A2*C and increasing the frequency of the mutant allele CYP1A2*A with age may be due to greater survival of persons who are carriers of that allelic variants of CYP1A2 gene, providing a more efficient metabolism of xenobiotics.
The authors demonstrated relationship between alimentation dependent diseases among adult population of the Republic and nutritional traits of the population, defined major directions of program to optimize nutrition of the population.
The authors demonstrate possible use of allometric equations to describe age-matched oncologic morbidity and mortality in stable population. Deviations from the allometric model (allometric signals) could be traced to changed technogenic load on the population. Examples show relationships between rank parameters of the models and the technogenic load levels.
The deletion spectrum and distribution of deletion breakpoints (DBs) in 36 patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) from 33 families and in three patients with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) from one family from Bashkortostan were studied by amplifying 20 exons of the dystrophin gene by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR). Eight out of 34 unrelated DMD (BMD) patients (23.2%) were shown to carry a deletion varying in size from one to seven exons. Most DBs (15 out of 16, 93.7%) were in the distal region of the gene, commonly between exons 44-45, 45-47, and 50-52. Thus, high-polymorphic intergenic markers located in introns 44 (STR 44), 45 (STR 45), 49 (STR 49), and 50 (STR 50) can be used for indirect or direct carrier detection among women closely related to DMD patients that carry a deletion with DB located between exons 44-45, 45-47, and 50-52. Prenatal diagnosis of DMD is also possible in these families.
To analyze the average long-term incidence of stroke and mortality in the regions of Russia in the territories included in the Federal program for the reorganization of care for stroke patients from 2009 to 2016.
The study is based on data from the territorial population register for an eight-year period for seven territories in the regions of Russia included in the Federal program for the reorganization of care for stroke patients. The study included the following territories: Stavropol krai, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Sverdlovsk region, Irkutsk region, Sakhalin region, and the Republic of Tatarstan. The total number of stroke cases in the study areas was 29 779.
The highest average incidence was shown in the Republic of Tatarstan, which had significant differences with all regions (p
The outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in the Republic of Bashkortostan, resulting in 10,057 registered cases of the disease (287 cases per 100,000 of the population), was analyzed. HFRS cases among the population were registered in 52 out of 54 regions of Bashkortostan. 31% of the total number of patients were the inhabitants of rural regions (170 cases per 100,000) and 69% were urban dwellers (295 cases per 100,000), mainly in Ufa (512 cases per 100,000). HFRS morbidity among males was fourfold higher than among females. In 70% of cases persons aged 20-49 years were affected. 5% of the total number of patients were children aged up to 14 years. In 34 cases (0.4%) the severe clinical course of the disease had a fatal outcome. Cases of HFRS were registered from April 1997 till March 1998 with the highest morbidity rate observed during the period of August-December. In most cases (46.8%) both urban and rural dwellers contacted infection during a short-term stay in the forest. As the result of the serological examination of the patients, all HFRS cases were etiologically attributed to hantavirus, serotype Puumala. The main natural reservoir of this virus and the source of human infection in Bashkortostan were bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus), the domination species among small mammals in this region.