The article is devoted to the history of creation and development of the Far Eastern health resort Kuldur located in the spurs of the Khingan range at the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Region. The historical sketch spans the period from 1897 to the present time including the phases of the resort activities at different stages of its developments in pre-revolutionary and post-revolutionary Russia (from the epoch of developed socialism to our time). The authors describe the contribution of the personnel of the resort, geologists, scientists of the Khabarovsk Medical Institute and other research institutions to the elucidation of the mechanism of action and therapeutic effectiveness of nitric-siliceous thermal waters.
The present article is an attempt to create a complete picture of the history of foundation of the first Far East balneotherapeutic spa centre known as "Annenskie waters". This article brings together the legends and historical information concerning this locality dated since 1858 up to the present time. The main stages of the development of the medical centre are reviewed starting from the period of unorganized chaotic attendance to the creation of the modern comfortable spa facility, building new bathrooms, halls, dormitories, dining and auxiliary premises. The process of developing and extending indications for the medical application of Annenskie mineral waters is followed backward in the past. The first report on the clinical effectiveness of Annenskie waters is presented. The contribution made by several historical figures to the development of the balneotherapeutic centre is described.