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75 records – page 1 of 8.

[A combined lesion of the digestive organs and chronic inflammatory diseases of the large intestine]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature20919
Source
Lik Sprava. 1999 Mar;(2):74-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1999
Author
S I Skliar
A I Denisiuk
N A Moskvichev
L I Prusskaia
S N Kirilko
A R Sapozhnikov
Source
Lik Sprava. 1999 Mar;(2):74-7
Date
Mar-1999
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Cause of Death
Chronic Disease
Colitis - mortality - pathology
Colonic Neoplasms - mortality - pathology
Comparative Study
Digestive System Diseases - mortality - pathology
English Abstract
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Military Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Ukraine - epidemiology
Abstract
An analysis was carried out of 222 medical records and autopsies from patients with inflammatory diseases of the large intestine, the immediate causes of death of whom were different disorders. The incidence of hepatitis running an active course correlated with age of patients and came up to 58.8% in the group of subjects 20 to 40 years old. In age group running between 40 to 60 and 60 to 80 years there prevailed colorectal carcinoma (18.3% and 42.5% respectively).
PubMed ID
10424048 View in PubMed
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[A comparative study of the evolution of atherosclerosis in men over a 25-year period in 11 European and Asiatic cities]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54287
Source
Arkh Patol. 1998 Nov-Dec;60(6):3-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
A M Vikhert
V S Zhdanov
N H Sternby
J. Dusková
I E Galakhov
Author Affiliation
A. L. Myasnikov Institute of Clinical Cardiology, Russian Cardiologic Scientific Centre, Moscow.
Source
Arkh Patol. 1998 Nov-Dec;60(6):3-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aorta - pathology
Arteriosclerosis - ethnology - pathology
Asia, Central - epidemiology
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Comparative Study
Continental Population Groups
Coronary Vessels - pathology
Disease Progression
English Abstract
Europe - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oceanic Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Repeated epidemiologic study of atherosclerosis in males on the basis of autopsy material with 25-year interval (1963-66 and 1985-89) has been performed in 7 European cities (Malmö, Praha, Riga, Tallinn, Tartu, Kharkov, Yalta) and 4 Asia cities (Ashkhabad, Bishkek, Irkutsk, Yakutsk). Accelerated development of atherosclerosis in the 2nd study has been revealed in males in the majority of cities except Malmö and Praha. No significant differences in atherosclerosis of aorta and coronary arteries were found in these two cities. An increase of the calcinosis surface in the coronary arteries combined with a higher incidence of coronary stenosis was typical for the 2nd study. Atherosclerosis was less pronounced in the indigenous population of Ashkhabad, Bishkek and Yakutsk in both studied than in non-indigenous populations. There was a positive correlation in males between lethality of coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases and the degree of coronary atherosclerosis. Thus, the course of atherosclerosis can change within the life of one generation.
PubMed ID
9949896 View in PubMed
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[Amyloidosis in the autopsy data from a general hospital of Leningrad].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature224985
Source
Ter Arkh. 1992;64(1):97-100
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
D Z Kagan
Source
Ter Arkh. 1992;64(1):97-100
Date
1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Amyloidosis - epidemiology - mortality - pathology
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Hospitals, General - statistics & numerical data
Hospitals, Urban - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology - mortality - pathology
Abstract
Over the recent 20 years the incidence of amyloidosis did not undergo any noticeable changes, accounting for 1.48% of the total number of autopsies in 1964-1968 and for 1.52% in 1984-1988 (P less than 0.5). The number of cases of the clinically unrecognized amyloidosis increased from 37.5% in the first period to 52.18% in the second one. In most cases amyloidosis affects the kidneys (94.9%), spleen (58.2%), liver (48%) and then, in the descending order, there follow adrenals, intestine, heart, pancreas and other organs (the total data for both the periods).
PubMed ID
1387991 View in PubMed
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[Analysis of the structure of forensic chemical studies carried out in the Perm regional bureau of forensic medical expert evaluations in 1997-2000].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature189099
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2002 May-Jun;45(3):35-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
O N Kushnireva
L O Kon'shina
T L Malkova
V P Garanin
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2002 May-Jun;45(3):35-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Child
Female
Forensic Medicine - organization & administration - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Russia
Abstract
Analysis of statistical data on forensic chemical studies carried out in the Perm Regional Bureau of Forensic Medical Expert Evaluations in 1997-2000 indicates an increased number of expert evaluations with positive results. The specific share of expert evaluations with positive results for Perm was 66.6% of the total number of evaluations. The absolute number of the detected agents in combinations with other agents increased more than 2-fold over the studied period. The number of detected agents increased 1.8 times, the rate of detection of narcotics increased sharply (6.5 times).
PubMed ID
12165962 View in PubMed
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[An analysis of the diagnostic errors in polyclinic patients who have died at home based on pathologicoanatomic studies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227403
Source
Arkh Patol. 1991;53(6):49-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
A V Babaitsev
Source
Arkh Patol. 1991;53(6):49-52
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Cause of Death
Diagnostic Errors
Disease - classification
Female
Humans
Male
Outpatients - statistics & numerical data
Russia
Abstract
A statistical analysis of the main causes of death and assessment of the quality of outpatient diagnosis have been performed on the basis of 1843 autopsies of patients who died at home. The causes of misdiagnosis were due in 5.3% of cases to objective and in 94.7% of cases to subjective factors. The criteria of three categories of discrepancy between pathological and outpatient diagnosis are suggested. A positive role of a pathological examination as an additional factor in improving the quality of the outpatient service is shown.
PubMed ID
1835369 View in PubMed
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[An analysis of the quality of polyclinical diagnosis based on autopsy data].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature224742
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 1992 Jan;70(1):93-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1992
Author
A V Babaitsev
Source
Klin Med (Mosk). 1992 Jan;70(1):93-6
Date
Jan-1992
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Ambulatory Care - standards - statistics & numerical data
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Diagnosis
Diagnostic Errors
Humans
Quality of Health Care - statistics & numerical data
Russia
Abstract
Autopsy data and dispensary records were analyzed for 1843 outpatients who had died at home. Main causes of death were defined. Misdiagnosis was attributed to objective and subjective factors in 5.3% and 94.7% of the cases, respectively. Criteria of discrepancy arising between postmortem and dispensary diagnosis are suggested. Necessity of postmortem examinations is grounded.
PubMed ID
1535113 View in PubMed
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[An analysis of the quality of the clinical diagnosis based on autopsy data].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature231744
Source
Arkh Patol. 1989;51(10):50-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
I A Kazantseva
T D Kanareitseva
V V Zelinskaia
E B Iudina
Source
Arkh Patol. 1989;51(10):50-5
Date
1989
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Diagnosis - standards - statistics & numerical data
Diagnostic Errors
Humans
Moscow
Quality Control - standards - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The findings from 4359 autopsies made in 4 Moscow hospitals during 1986 were analyzed with two proposed tables. The primary materials were processes with a computer. Table 1 includes data on the total number of unrecognized cases by the main disease, major complications, concomitant and underlying diseases in terms of their category and cause of diagnosis discrepancy. The rate of the discrepancy between clinical and postmortem diagnoses averaged 21.6 +/- 4.7% by the main disease, that of unrecognized fatal complications and major concomitant and underlying diseases was found to be 7.6 and some 2%, respectively. By the categories, the analysis of diagnosis discrepancy indicated 35, 58.6, and 6.4% in Categories I, II, and III, respectively. Table 2 (combined correlational one) makes it possible to study the range of diagnostic errors in various diseases and to find typical mistakes made by clinicians. Analyzing the quality of clinical diagnosis according to the given pattern is of advantage in routine practice to obtain comparable consistent data, to make a thorough examination, and to generalized discrepancy cases of clinical and postmortem diagnoses.
PubMed ID
2610605 View in PubMed
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Antidepressants and the risk of suicide in young persons--prescription trends and toxicological analyses.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature259765
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2014 Apr;129(4):296-302
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2014
Author
G. Isacsson
J. Ahlner
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2014 Apr;129(4):296-302
Date
Apr-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Antidepressive Agents - adverse effects
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Child
Depression - drug therapy
Drug Prescriptions - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Risk
Suicide - statistics & numerical data - trends
Sweden - epidemiology
Young Adult
Abstract
To assess trends in the use of antidepressants among young suicides after the warning that these drugs might increase the risk of suicide.
Individual data of all 845 suicides in the 10- to 19-year age group in Sweden in the time period 1992-2003 (baseline), and in 2004-2010 (after the warning). Outcome data are prescriptions of antidepressants prior to death and detections of antidepressants in post-mortem toxicology.
After the warning, suicide in this age group increased for five consecutive years (60.5%). The increase occurred among individuals not treated with antidepressants.
This study provides further support for the hypothesis that the warning, contrary to its intention, may have increased young suicides by leaving a number of suicidal young persons without treatment with antidepressants.
Notes
Cites: Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2013 Feb;127(2):89-9323301720
Cites: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Jun;69(6):580-722309973
Cites: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Jun;69(6):572-922393205
Cites: Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2012 Jun;125(6):453-922176585
Cites: J Clin Psychiatry. 2011 May;72(5):580-621658345
Cites: Australas Psychiatry. 2010 Jun;18(3):242-520482427
Cites: Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2009 Oct;68(4):618-2919843065
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PubMed ID
23773187 View in PubMed
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Antidepressants in suicide: differences in fatality and drug utilisation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature68533
Source
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1994;46(4):291-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
J. Malmvik
C G Löwenhielm
A. Melander
Author Affiliation
Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Lund, Sweden.
Source
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1994;46(4):291-4
Date
1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Amitriptyline - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Antidepressive Agents - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Comparative Study
Female
Humans
Lofepramine - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Overdose
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Trimipramine - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Abstract
All forensic autopsy cases in southern Sweden in 1986-89 in which antidepressant drugs were found in the blood were assessed and the findings related to the sales of antidepressants as expressed as defined daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants per day. There was a total of 272 antidepressant-positive cases, which were divided in three groups: 1. suicide or possible suicide caused by antidepressant drugs, 2. suicide or possible suicide caused by other means (including other drugs and other toxic agents), and 3. other deaths. Amitriptyline was the agent most commonly involved in suicide or possible suicide caused by antidepressants, and it was also the most commonly sold antidepressant. When corrected for sales, trimipramine was most frequently involved as the causal agent. Conversely, despite frequent sales, lofepramine appeared only rarely to be involved. This may be related to lower toxicity of lofepramine, reduced lofepramine absorption at overdose and/or to differences in the administration of various antidepressant drugs to patients with differing degrees of risk of suicide.
PubMed ID
7957510 View in PubMed
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[A statistical analysis of liver diseases (based on the autopsy data from the clinics of the I. M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy for 1978-1987)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature200573
Source
Arkh Patol. 1999 Jul-Aug;61(4):45-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
L V Voinova
Author Affiliation
I. M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy, Moscow.
Source
Arkh Patol. 1999 Jul-Aug;61(4):45-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Cause of Death - trends
Female
Humans
Liver Diseases - epidemiology - etiology - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Morbidity - trends
Moscow - epidemiology
Abstract
6170 autopsy protocols have been analysed and the conclusion is made that alcoholic liver cirrhosis is predominating in the structure of liver diseases. Viral liver cirrhosis is less important by its incidence than alcoholic one. Liver tumors are of importance against the background of alcoholic and viral cirrhosis. Primary liver tumors, autoimmune and metabolic diseases occur rarely. The material confirms the fact that alcohol is a principal etiological factor in development of liver diseases.
PubMed ID
10520430 View in PubMed
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75 records – page 1 of 8.