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The accessibility of a new oral motor pacifier to infants.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature120045
Source
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012 Dec;76(12):1844-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2012
Author
Marja-Leena Haapanen
Anne Pitkäranta
Author Affiliation
Department of Phoniatrics, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki University, Faculty of Medicine, PO Box 220, FI-00029 Helsinki, Finland. marja-leena.haapanen@hus.fi
Source
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012 Dec;76(12):1844-8
Date
Dec-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Automation - methods
Child, Preschool
Equipment Design
Equipment Safety
Female
Finland
Humans
Infant
Male
Pacifiers
Questionnaires
Sampling Studies
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to examine whether infants would accept an oral motor pacifier (OMP).
Sixteen infants were examined for their immediate acceptance of an OMP. The pacifier was regarded as accepted, if the child took it in the mouth and kept it there actively, i.e. sucked it in one way or other. Their parents were informed verbally and in writing literally about how to offer the OMP to the child and how to use it. The OMP was presented to the child and the child permitted to insert it into her/his mouth by her/himself or if the child failed to do so, the OMP was gently put to the child's mouth. The subjects' reactions were structurally evaluated in terms of 11 statements. The parents of the children received a structured questionnaire with a space for optional free comments and personal opinions.
The median age (6 females, 10 males) was 18 months (mean 19.2 months, s.d. 10.6 and range 2-38 months). The statement scores showed no significant differentiation based on the age of the subject. The parents' reports indicated that 14 (87.5%) of the 18 subjects accepted the OMP, 13 (81.3%) enjoyed watching the pacifier as it was shown to them, and 11 (68.8%) explored it with their fingers while holding it in their hands.
The vast majority of the children accepted the new OMP either at the first trial or after a few trials.
PubMed ID
23044359 View in PubMed
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Access to cardiac rehabilitation among South-Asian patients by referral method: a qualitative study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature143716
Source
Rehabil Nurs. 2010 May-Jun;35(3):106-12
Publication Type
Article
Author
Keerat Grewal
Yvonne W Leung
Parissa Safai
Donna E Stewart
Sonia Anand
Milan Gupta
Cynthia Parsons
Sherry L Grace
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto, ON. keerat.grewal@utoronto.ca
Source
Rehabil Nurs. 2010 May-Jun;35(3):106-12
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Coronary Syndrome - ethnology - rehabilitation
Asia, Western - ethnology
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Automation
Continuity of Patient Care
Emigrants and Immigrants
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Services Accessibility
Humans
India - ethnology
Male
Middle Aged
Ontario
Referral and Consultation
Abstract
People of South-Asian origin have an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease. Although cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is effective, South Asians are among the least likely people to participate in these programs. Automatic referral increases CR use and may reduce access inequalities. This study qualitatively explored whether CR referral knowledge and access varied among South-Asian patients. Participants were South-Asian cardiac patients receiving treatment at hospitals in Ontario, Canada. Each hospital refers to CR via one offour methods: automatically through paper or electronically, through discussion with allied health professionals (liaison referral), or through referral at the physician's discretion. Data were collected via interviews and analyzed using interpretive-descriptive analysis. Four themes emerged: the importance of predischarge CR discussions with healthcare providers, limited knowledge of CR, ease of the referral process for facilitators of CR attendance, and participants'needs for personal autonomy regarding their decision to attend CR. Liaison referral was perceived to be the most suitable referral method for participants. It facilitated communication between patients and providers, ensuring improved understanding of CR. Automatic referral may not be as well suited to this population because of reduced patient-provider communication.
PubMed ID
20450019 View in PubMed
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Adaptive registration of varying contrast-weighted images for improved tissue characterization (ARCTIC): application to T1 mapping.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268568
Source
Magn Reson Med. 2015 Apr;73(4):1469-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2015
Author
Sébastien Roujol
Murilo Foppa
Sebastian Weingärtner
Warren J Manning
Reza Nezafat
Source
Magn Reson Med. 2015 Apr;73(4):1469-82
Date
Apr-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Artifacts
Female
Humans
Image Enhancement - methods
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted - methods
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine - methods
Male
Middle Aged
Motion
Myocardium - pathology
Pattern Recognition, Automated - methods
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and specificity
Subtraction Technique
Abstract
To propose and evaluate a novel nonrigid image registration approach for improved myocardial T1 mapping.
Myocardial motion is estimated as global affine motion refined by a novel local nonrigid motion estimation algorithm. A variational framework is proposed, which simultaneously estimates motion field and intensity variations, and uses an additional regularization term to constrain the deformation field using automatic feature tracking. The method was evaluated in 29 patients by measuring the DICE similarity coefficient and the myocardial boundary error in short axis and four chamber data. Each image series was visually assessed as "no motion" or "with motion." Overall T1 map quality and motion artifacts were assessed in the 85 T1 maps acquired in short axis view using a 4-point scale (1-nondiagnostic/severe motion artifact, 4-excellent/no motion artifact).
Increased DICE similarity coefficient (0.78 ± 0.14 to 0.87 ± 0.03, P
Notes
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PubMed ID
24798588 View in PubMed
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Allergy in children in hand versus machine dishwashing.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature262383
Source
Pediatrics. 2015 Mar;135(3):e590-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2015
Author
Bill Hesselmar
Anna Hicke-Roberts
Göran Wennergren
Source
Pediatrics. 2015 Mar;135(3):e590-7
Date
Mar-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Automation
Child
Female
Hand Hygiene
Humans
Hypersensitivity - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Male
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Soaps - adverse effects
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The hygiene hypothesis stipulates that microbial exposure during early life induces immunologic tolerance via immune stimulation, and hence reduces the risk of allergy development. Several common lifestyle factors and household practices, such as dishwashing methods, may increase microbial exposure. The aim of this study was to investigate if such lifestyle factors are associated with allergy prevalence.
Questionnaire-based study of 1029 children aged 7 to 8 years from Kiruna, in the north of Sweden, and Mölndal, in the Gothenburg area on the southwest coast of Sweden. Questions on asthma, eczema, and rhinoconjunctivitis were taken from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire.
Hand dishwashing was associated with a reduced risk of allergic disease development (multivariate analysis, odds ratio 0.57; 95% confidence interval: 0.37-0.85). The risk was further reduced in a dose-response pattern if the children were also served fermented food and if the family bought food directly from farms.
In families who use hand dishwashing, allergic diseases in children are less common than in children from families who use machine dishwashing. We speculate that a less-efficient dishwashing method may induce tolerance via increased microbial exposure.
Notes
Comment In: Pediatrics. 2015 Mar;135(3):e707-825713279
PubMed ID
25713281 View in PubMed
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[A method of evaluation of work load in an automated chemical plant].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227424
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(3):28-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
Iu V Egorova
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(3):28-9
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Automation
Calorimetry - methods
Chemical Industry - standards
Energy Metabolism - physiology
Humans
Models, Biological
Occupational Medicine - standards
Russia
Time Factors
Work Capacity Evaluation
Abstract
Time-study techniques were used at several chemical enterprises to assess 13 basic elements of the operator's labour, and to determine their average energy inputs in the conditions of a modern chemical plant. A table was drawn up as a time-study guidance for establishing energy inputs in a unit of time, thus determining the labour intensity degree. The contributors set forth a hypothesis regarding the influence of chemical processing products on the non-direct calorimetry indices in energy input analyses. It was further shown that, with the workers contacts with chemical substances in the concentrations peculiar of a modern chemical plant, no correlation corresponding to the chemical factors was required.
PubMed ID
1831784 View in PubMed
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Analysis of malignancy-associated DNA changes in the nuclei of buccal epithelium in the pathology of the thyroid and mammary glands.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature18604
Source
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Dec;980:1-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2002
Author
D A Klyushin
Yu I Petunin
R I Andrushkiw
N V Boroday
K P Ganina
Author Affiliation
Department of Cybernetics, Kyiv National Shevchenko University, Ukraine.
Source
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Dec;980:1-12
Date
Dec-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biometry - methods
Breast Neoplasms - pathology
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
DNA - genetics
Female
Humans
Mouth Mucosa - pathology
Pattern Recognition, Automated
Sensitivity and specificity
Thyroid Neoplasms - pathology
Abstract
The object of the investigation reported in this paper was to study, from the point of view of statistical and geometric theory of pattern recognition, the DNA optical density distribution peculiarities in the interphase nuclei of buccal epithelium present in the pathology of the thyroid and mammary glands. Two new indices to characterize this distribution (ratio of modal class volumes and relief index) are proposed. It is shown that in malignant neoplasms of the thyroid and mammary glands the changes in the nuclei of buccal epithelium are characterized by an increase in the optical density of DNA over a range from 0.15 to 0.30 in conventional units of measure, as compared with its values in benign pathological processes. The sensitivity of the proposed criterion for diseases of the thyroid gland is equal to 76.2% and the specificity is equal to 85.8%. For diseases of the mammary gland (excluding IDLC) we have discovered that the sensitivity of the method is equal to 94.29% and its specificity equal to 90.91%. In diseases of the mammary gland (including IDLC) we have discovered that the sensitivity of the method is equal to 71.42% and its specificity is equal to 90.91%.
PubMed ID
12594077 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of chronic radiation exposure as one of risk factors of the development of cancer in industrial city residents exposed to radioactive pollution]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature21638
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1998 Jan-Feb;38(1):86-94
Publication Type
Article
Author
E V Polzik
B A Katsnel'son
M Iu Iakusheva
V S Kazentsev
S V Kuz'min
N D Simchenko
Author Affiliation
Institute of Industrial Ecology, Urals Branch of Russian Academy of Siences, Ekaterinburg.
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 1998 Jan-Feb;38(1):86-94
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents, Radiation
Breast Neoplasms - etiology
Comparative Study
Dermatoglyphics
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure
Female
Humans
Lung Neoplasms - etiology
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced - etiology
Pattern Recognition, Automated
Radiochemistry
Risk factors
Siberia
Smoking - adverse effects
Urban Population
Abstract
With the help of mathematical methods of pattern recognition the analysis of complex cancer risk factors was conducted aiming at estimation the role of chronic radiation exposure in development of lung and breast cancer in dwellers of an industrial city exposed to irregular radioactive contamination as a result of an accident at PO "Mayak". It was shown, that chronic radiation exposure is an important factor, influenced the development of malignant neoplasms in city population.
PubMed ID
9606409 View in PubMed
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Assessment of dose selection attributes with audible notification in insulin pen devices.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46992
Source
Diabetes Technol Ther. 2005 Aug;7(4):620-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2005
Author
Toshinari Asakura
Hiroaki Seino
Author Affiliation
Department of Pharmacy, Ohta Nishinouchi Hospital, 2-5-20 Nishinouchi, Koriyama, Fukushima-ken 963-8558, Japan. asa-mac@m7.dion.ne.jp
Source
Diabetes Technol Ther. 2005 Aug;7(4):620-6
Date
Aug-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Automation
Blindness - prevention & control
Comparative Study
Diabetes Mellitus - drug therapy
Diabetic Retinopathy - prevention & control
Equipment Design
Female
Humans
Injections, Subcutaneous - instrumentation
Insulin - administration & dosage - therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Touch
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes often suffer from impairments in vision as well as manual dexterity. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of dose selection and setting of five insulin devices by patients using auditory and sensory confirmation. METHODS: A total of 48 patients (30 men, 18 women; mean +/- SD age 60.5 +/- 14.0 years; hemoglobin A(1c) 8.7 +/- 1.9%) were randomized to test the following devices: NovoPen 3 (Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark), HumaPen Ergo (Eli Lilly, Indianapolis, IN), Humalog Pen (Eli Lilly), InnoLet (Novo Nordisk), and FlexPen(Novo Nordisk). RESULTS: Significantly more patients detected an auditory confirmation of dose setting when using the NovoPen 3 compared with the Humalog Pen (P
Notes
Comment In: Diabetes Technol Ther. 2005 Aug;7(4):627-816120037
PubMed ID
16120036 View in PubMed
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Automated extraction of temporal motor activity signals from video recordings of neonatal seizures based on adaptive block matching.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature58176
Source
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2005 Apr;52(4):676-86
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2005
Author
Nicolaos B Karayiannis
Abdul Sami
James D Frost
Merrill S Wise
Eli M Mizrahi
Author Affiliation
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-4005, USA. karayiannis@uh.edu
Source
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2005 Apr;52(4):676-86
Date
Apr-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Artificial Intelligence
Cluster analysis
Comparative Study
Feedback
Humans
Image Enhancement - methods
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted - methods
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases - diagnosis - physiopathology
Information Storage and Retrieval - methods
Intensive Care, Neonatal - methods
Models, Biological
Monitoring, Physiologic - methods
Motor Activity
Numerical Analysis, Computer-Assisted
Pattern Recognition, Automated - methods
Reproducibility of Results
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Seizures - diagnosis - physiopathology
Sensitivity and specificity
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Subtraction Technique
Video Recording - methods
Abstract
This paper presents an automated procedure developed to extract quantitative information from video recordings of neonatal seizures in the form of motor activity signals. This procedure relies on optical flow computation to select anatomical sites located on the infants' body parts. Motor activity signals are extracted by tracking selected anatomical sites during the seizure using adaptive block matching. A block of pixels is tracked throughout a sequence of frames by searching for the most similar block of pixels in subsequent frames; this search is facilitated by employing various update strategies to account for the changing appearance of the block. The proposed procedure is used to extract temporal motor activity signals from video recordings of neonatal seizures and other events not associated with seizures.
PubMed ID
15825869 View in PubMed
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129 records – page 1 of 13.