A continuous record of postoperative surgical infections was carried out by electronic data processing of 9,181 orthopaedic and general operations. The overall infection rate was 5.7%, ranging from 2.0% (clean wounds) to 22.1% (dirty wounds). The corresponding deep infection rates were 1.7%, 0.4% and 5.4%, respectively. Employing a multiple logistic regression analysis, ten risk factors were evaluated. Factors found to be significant for both departments were: wound contamination, duration of operation and age. In addition, in the department of orthopaedic surgery: date of operation and surgeon, and in the department of general surgery: planning of operation, length of preoperative stay and anatomic groups. Sex had no influence on postoperative infection. Significant factors altered during the four years. Postoperative stay was, on an average, 13.9 days longer in infected patients.
In the northernmost county of Sweden (Norrbotten) two different clinical and genetic types of hereditary palmoplantar keratoderma have been reported: a common autosomal dominant form, corresponding to the descriptions performed by Unna and Thost, and an obviously autosomal recessive form, which clinically differed from other diffuse palmoplantar keratodermas, named the Gamborg Nielsen type. For further family studies and to support its probably recessive inheritance a demographic mapping of four families with this rare keratinization disorder was performed. It could be shown that these families belonged to the same family at different levels of generations; however, a common ancestor, who connected these families was not found. Marital distance of heterozygotes and birth places of probands were limited to an area, which is generally known to harbour different inherited disorders. According to a map of the origin of family members, it was shown that the major part originated from the same area and that the integration of family members had occurred in the same places. It was concluded that adoption of a demographic database for family studies in genetic research may contribute valuable information about family relations.
A computer programme is described which can undertake automatic distribution of patients referred for elective surgery. The programme ensures coordinated reservation of operation and bed resources. The programme provides copies of admission and operation lists to the departments concerned and, similarly, it writes out distribution lists and summoning letters. The programme provides statistics for use in planning of resources and statistics with waiting lists according to diagnoses and the time of waiting. The programme is protected from illegal employment by unauthorized users as typing of the identity of the user and a personal code word are required. The programme fulfills the requirements to a register made by the supervision of registers concerning registers which contain very sensitive personal information.
The information acquisition, decision-making and control system must be the basic tool for optimizing the information procedures in the interests of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of troops. It's necessary to make a thorough revision of the existing account and record documentation in order to study its value. Each pattern of record cards must be scientifically substantiated depending on its effectiveness for further decision making. It's necessary to exclude all futile information. Record and account procedures must be automated and computerized throughout all chains of command beginning from a single military unit. Special systems must be developed for this matter. Realization of these goals will completely assure the monitoring of health status indices of servicemen and the environmental situation, as well as monitoring of risk factors influence upon the health of personnel.