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Addressing inequities in access to quality health care for indigenous people.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154424
Source
CMAJ. 2008 Nov 4;179(10):985-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-4-2008
Author
David Peiris
Alex Brown
Alan Cass
Author Affiliation
George Institute for International Health, New South Wales, Australia.
Source
CMAJ. 2008 Nov 4;179(10):985-6
Date
Nov-4-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Australasia
Canada
Communication
Culture
Health Policy
Health Services Accessibility
Health Services, Indigenous
Healthcare Disparities
Humans
Population Groups
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology
United States
Notes
Cites: CMAJ. 2008 Nov 4;179(10):1007-1218981441
Cites: Int J Health Serv. 2005;35(3):465-7816119570
Cites: N Z Med J. 2002 Apr 26;115(1152):179-8212044000
Cites: Med J Aust. 2002 May 20;176(10):466-7012065009
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2004 Jan;94(1):53-914713698
Cites: Int J Qual Health Care. 1996 Oct;8(5):491-79117203
Cites: BMC Health Serv Res. 2008;8:3118248667
Cites: Am J Public Health. 2005 Dec;95(12):2173-916257947
Cites: Ethn Dis. 2006 Winter;16(1):295-30816599387
Cites: Lancet. 2006 May 27;367(9524):1775-8516731273
Cites: Lancet. 2006 Jun 17;367(9527):2029-3116782494
Cites: BMC Med Res Methodol. 2006;6:3516872487
Comment On: CMAJ. 2008 Nov 4;179(10):1007-1218981441
PubMed ID
18981431 View in PubMed
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Source
Emerg Nurse. 2009 Jul;17(4):16-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2009
Author
Eric Fortes Lähdet
Bjorn-Ove Suserud
Anders Jonsson
Lars Lundberg
Author Affiliation
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
Source
Emerg Nurse. 2009 Jul;17(4):16-9
Date
Jul-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Algorithms
Australasia
Canada
Europe
Humans
Military Nursing - methods
Severity of Illness Index
Triage - methods
Abstract
Several triage methods have been developed and adopted around the world but none has been devised for specific patient populations such as older people or those with special needs. This literature review outlines the development of triage since the 1950s, briefly discusses some of the models in use around the world, including one that is used in the care of older people, and outlines the issues that should be taken into account when deciding which method to adopt.
PubMed ID
19639800 View in PubMed
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Anemia management and outcomes from 12 countries in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179525
Source
Am J Kidney Dis. 2004 Jul;44(1):94-111
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
Author
Ronald L Pisoni
Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham
Eric W Young
Tadao Akizawa
Yasushi Asano
Francesco Locatelli
Juergen Bommer
Jose Miguel Cruz
Peter G Kerr
David C Mendelssohn
Philip J Held
Friedrich K Port
Author Affiliation
University Renal Research and Education Association, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. rlpisoni@urrea.org
Source
Am J Kidney Dis. 2004 Jul;44(1):94-111
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anemia - drug therapy - etiology - metabolism - mortality
Australasia
Canada
Erythropoietin - administration & dosage
Europe
Hemoglobins - analysis
Hospitalization - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Injections, Intravenous
Iron - administration & dosage
Male
Physician's Practice Patterns - statistics & numerical data
Renal Dialysis - adverse effects
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome
United States
Abstract
Anemia is common in hemodialysis (HD) patients.
Data collected from nationally representative samples of HD patients (n = 11,041) in 2002 to 2003 were used to describe current anemia management for long-term HD patients at 309 dialysis units in 12 countries. Analyses of associations and outcomes were adjusted for demographics, 15 comorbid classes, laboratory values, country, and facility clustering.
For patients on dialysis therapy for longer than 180 days, 23% to 77% had a hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration less than 11 g/dL ( or =110 g/L) if they were older; were men; had polycystic kidney disease; had greater albumin, transferrin saturation, or calcium levels; were not dialyzing with a catheter; or had lower ferritin levels. Facilities with greater intravenous iron use showed significantly greater facility mean Hgb concentrations. Mean EPO dose varied from 5,297 (Japan) to 17,360 U/wk (United States). Greater country mean EPO doses were significantly associated with greater country mean Hgb concentrations. Several patient characteristics were associated with greater EPO doses. Even in some countries with high intravenous iron use, 35% to 40% of patients had a transferrin saturation less than 20% (below guidelines).
These findings indicate large international variations in anemia management, with significant improvements during the last 5 years, although many patients remain below current anemia guidelines, suggesting large and specific opportunities for improvement.
PubMed ID
15211443 View in PubMed
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An international view of how recent-onset atrial fibrillation is treated in the emergency department.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature118794
Source
Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Nov;19(11):1255-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2012
Author
Carly Rogenstein
Anne-Maree Kelly
Suzanne Mason
Sandra Schneider
Eddy Lang
Catherine M Clement
Ian G Stiell
Author Affiliation
Department of Emergency Medicine, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Nov;19(11):1255-60
Date
Nov-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents - therapeutic use
Anticoagulants - therapeutic use
Atrial Fibrillation - diagnosis - therapy
Australasia
Canada
Chi-Square Distribution
Conscious Sedation - methods
Electric Countershock - utilization
Emergency Medicine - standards - trends
Emergency Service, Hospital
Female
Great Britain
Health Care Surveys
Heart rate
Humans
International Cooperation
Male
Middle Aged
Physician's Practice Patterns - trends
Questionnaires
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome
United States
Abstract
This study was conducted to determine if there is practice variation for emergency physicians' (EPs) management of recent-onset atrial fibrillation (RAF) in various world regions (Canada, United States, United Kingdom, and Australasia).
The authors completed a mail and e-mail survey of members from four national emergency medicine (EM) associations. One prenotification letter and three survey letters were sent to members of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP; Canada-1,177 members surveyed), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP; United States-500), College of Emergency Medicine UK (CEM; United Kingdom-1,864), and Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM; Australasia-1,188) as per the modified Dillman technique. The survey contained 23 questions related to the management of adult patients with symptomatic RAF (either a first episode or paroxysmal-recurrent) where onset is less than 48 hours and cardioversion is considered a treatment option. Data were analyzed using descriptive and chi-square statistics.
Response rates were as follows: overall, 40.5%; Canada, 43.0%; United States, 50.1%; United Kingdom, 38.1%; and Australasia, 38.0%. Physician demographics were as follows: 72% male and mean (?SD) age 41.7 (?8.39) years. The proportions of physicians attempting rate control as their initial strategy are United States, 94.0%; Canada, 70.7%; Australasia, 61.1%; and United Kingdom, 43.1% (p
PubMed ID
23167856 View in PubMed
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Assessing the health and economic impact of galantamine treatment in patients with Alzheimer's disease in the health care systems of different countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature179004
Source
Drugs Aging. 2004;21(10):677-86
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Jaime Caro
Maribel Salas
Alexandra Ward
Denis Getsios
Kristen Migliaccio-Walle
Frances Garfield
Author Affiliation
Caro Research Institute, Concord, Massachusetts, USA.
Source
Drugs Aging. 2004;21(10):677-86
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alzheimer Disease - drug therapy - economics
Australasia
Canada
Cost-Benefit Analysis - economics
Delivery of Health Care - economics
Europe
Galantamine - economics - therapeutic use
Humans
Long-Term Care - economics
Models, Economic
Placebos - economics
Abstract
Cholinesterase inhibitors have been shown to improve cognitive function and improve or maintain global function.
To estimate the long-term economic impact of treating patients with Alzheimer's disease with galantamine in seven healthcare systems: Australia, Canada, Finland, New Zealand, Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK.
The time until patients require full-time care (FTC), defined as the consistent requirement for a significant amount of care giving and supervision each day, and the associated costs were evaluated using the 'Assessment of Health Economics in Alzheimer's Disease (AHEAD)' model. Efficacy data were obtained from three clinical trials comparing galantamine with placebo and local cost and resource use data were determined for each country. Forecast costs reported in Euros (2001 value), were made for up to 10 years in each healthcare system. All costs were determined from a perspective somewhat broader than that of a comprehensive payer, including social services. Both benefits and costs were discounted at 3%.
Galantamine (16 mg/day) is predicted to delay the need for FTC by 6.8%, thus the cumulative cost of care over 10 years is expected to be reduced, and this offsets much or all of the cost of galantamine. Approximately five patients need to be treated to avoid 1 year of FTC. In each healthcare system, FTC was estimated to account for 61-92% of the cost. Savings were estimated for most of the countries. For those countries with an expected expense, there were reasonable costs per FTC month avoided (euro553, discounted) and costs per quality-adjusted life year gained (euro25,000).
In addition to the clinical benefits associated with galantamine treatment, the savings predicted from delaying FTC may offset the treatment costs.
PubMed ID
15287825 View in PubMed
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The Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases Annual Scientific Meeting 2010.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139354
Source
Future Microbiol. 2010 Oct;5(10):1465-7
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
Oct-2010
Author
Sanjaya N Senanayake
Kathryn L Daveson
Author Affiliation
Australian National University Medical School, ACT, Australia. sanjaya.senanayake@act.gov.au
Source
Future Microbiol. 2010 Oct;5(10):1465-7
Date
Oct-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Keywords
Australasia - epidemiology
Communicable Disease Control - methods - trends
Communicable Diseases - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Drug Resistance, Multiple
Humans
Incidence
Abstract
The 2010 Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases Annual Scientific Meeting took place in May in the Northern Territory (Australia) and focussed on infections in the region. The meeting highlights included the changing spectrum of malaria and dengue in endemic regions, the latest on influenza epidemiology, multidrug-resistant organisms and infectious diseases in the Australian indigenous population. This was complemented by subspeciality interest group research encompassing mycobacterial disease, infection control, mycology and virology.
PubMed ID
21073306 View in PubMed
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Babies and bacteria: phage typing, bacteriologists, and the birth of infection control.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165516
Source
Bull Hist Med. 2006;80(4):733-61
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Kathryn Hillier
Author Affiliation
Unit for History and Philosophy of Science, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia. k.hillier@science.usyd.edu.au
Source
Bull Hist Med. 2006;80(4):733-61
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Australasia
Bacteriophage Typing - history
Canada - epidemiology
Cross Infection - history - microbiology
Great Britain - epidemiology
History, 20th Century
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infection Control - history - methods
Nurseries, Hospital - history - statistics & numerical data
Staphylococcal Infections - epidemiology - microbiology
Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
During the 1950s, Staphylococcus aureus became a major source of hospital infections and death, particularly in neonates. This situation was further complicated by the fact that Staphylococcus quickly gained resistance to most antibiotics. Controlling these infections was a pressing concern for hospital workers, especially bacteriologists who tackled it through the use of a new epidemiologic tool: phage typing. This article argues that during the mid- to late 1950s a series of staphylococcal hospital and nursery epidemics united phage typers, brought international recognition to the usefulness of their technique, and, in the process, contributed to the establishment of the new field of infection control. Through the use of this new tool, phage typers established themselves as experts in infection control and, in some places, became essential members of newly formed infection-control committees. The nursery epidemics represent a particularly important test for phage typing and infection control, for this staphylococcal strain (80/81) was especially virulent and spread rapidly beyond the hospital to the wider community. The epidemiologic information provided by phage typers was vital for devising practical advice on how to control this deadly strain of Staphylococcus and also for transforming the role of the hospital bacteriologist from mere technician into infection-control expert.
PubMed ID
17242553 View in PubMed
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The building blocks of a professional response to Indigenous injury.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature153202
Source
Injury. 2008 Dec;39 Suppl 5:S73-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2008
Author
Kelvin Kong
Russell L Gruen
Author Affiliation
John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. kelvinkongent@gmail.com
Source
Injury. 2008 Dec;39 Suppl 5:S73-5
Date
Dec-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Australasia
Health Policy
Health Services, Indigenous - organization & administration - standards
Humans
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Quality of Health Care - standards
Wounds and Injuries - ethnology - prevention & control - therapy
PubMed ID
19130921 View in PubMed
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Can deaths in police cells be prevented? Experience from Norway and death rates in other countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276346
Source
J Forensic Leg Med. 2016 Jan;37:61-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2016
Author
Willy Aasebø
Gunnar Orskaug
Jan Erikssen
Source
J Forensic Leg Med. 2016 Jan;37:61-5
Date
Jan-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcoholic Intoxication - mortality
Australasia - epidemiology
Europe - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Intracranial Hemorrhages - mortality
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality - trends
North America - epidemiology
Norway - epidemiology
Police
Prisoners
Retrospective Studies
Substance-Related Disorders - mortality
Suicide - statistics & numerical data - trends
Young Adult
Abstract
To describe the changes in death rates and causes of deaths in Norwegian police cells during the last 2 decades. To review reports on death rates in police cells that have been published in medical journals and elsewhere, and discuss the difficulties of comparing death rates between countries.
Data on deaths in Norwegian police cells were collected retrospectively in 2002 and 2012 for two time periods: 1993-2001 (period 1) and 2003-2012 (period 2). Several databases were searched to find reports on deaths in police cells from as many countries as possible.
The death rates in Norwegian police cells reduced significantly from 0.83 deaths per year per million inhabitants (DYM) in period 1 to 0.22 DYM in period 2 (p 
PubMed ID
26595087 View in PubMed
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39 records – page 1 of 4.