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The melting ice cellar: What Native traditional knowledge is teaching us about global warming and environmental change

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature75417
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 2002 Sep;92(9):1404-1409
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2002
  1 website  
Author
Cochran, PL
Geller, AL
Author Affiliation
Alaska Native Science Commission, Alaska 99501, USA. pcochran@akns.org
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 2002 Sep;92(9):1404-1409
Date
Sep-2002
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska
Arctic Regions
Attitude to Health - ethnology
Culture
Databases
Ecosystem
Environmental Pollutants
Greenhouse Effect
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Inuits
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
Environmental problems have often been observed by Alaska Native communities decades before they have been confirmed by scientific research.
PubMed ID
12197965 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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Substance use among American Indians and Alaska Natives: Incorporating culture in an "indigenist" stress-coping paradigm

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature2976
Source
Public Health Reports. 2002;117 Suppl 1:S104-17
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
  1 website  
Author
Walters, KL
Simoni, JM
Evans-Campbell, T
Author Affiliation
School of Social Work, University of Washington, 4101 15th Avenue, NE, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA. kw5@u.washington.edu
Source
Public Health Reports. 2002;117 Suppl 1:S104-17
Date
2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Alaska - epidemiology
Attitude to Health - ethnology
Cultural Characteristics
Ethnic groups - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
HIV Infections - ethnology
Health status
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Medicine, Traditional
Models, Psychological
Prejudice
Public Health
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Risk factors
Spirituality
Stress disorders, traumatic - complications - ethnology
Substance-related disorders - complications - ethnology - psychology
Violence - ethnology - psychology
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: This article proposes a new stress-coping model for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIs) that reflects a paradigmatic shift in the conceptualization of Native health. It reviews sociodemographic information on AIs, rates of substance abuse and related health outcomes, and the research supporting the model's pathways. OBSERVATIONS: Although health outcomes among AIs are improving, large disparities with other racial and ethnic groups in the United States remain. Many health-related problems are directly linked to high rates of substance use and abuse. CONCLUSION: Eurocentric paradigms focus on individual pathology. An "indigenist" perspective of health incorporates the devastating impact of historical trauma and ongoing oppression of AIs. The model emphasizes cultural strengths, such as the family and community, spirituality and traditional healing practices, and group identity attitudes.
PubMed ID
12435834 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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