We measured airway responsiveness to methacholine (MCh) of highly inbred rats before and after six inhalational challenges with antigen. Ten Brown-Norway rats (130-216 g) that were actively sensitized to ovalbumin (OA) received six challenges with OA at 5-day intervals beginning 19 days after sensitization. An aerosol of OA (5% wt/vol) was inhaled for 1, 2, 5, and 10 min or until pulmonary resistance (RL) increased by at least 50%. Challenges with aerosolized MCh were performed immediately before and 14 days after sensitization, 2 days after the 3rd OA exposure, and 2, 7, 12, and 17 days after the 6th OA challenge. Four unsensitized rats underwent inhalational challenges with MCh over an equivalent time period. Responsiveness to MCh was calculated as the concentration of MCh required to increase RL to 200% of the control value (EC200RL). Seven out of 10 rats in the experimental group reacted to the first OA challenge with an immediate increase in RL of greater than 50% of control (range 70-550%). Three animals were unreactive to OA. Base-line EC200RL for all rats undergoing sensitization was 2.13 mg/ml (geometric mean), and it did not change significantly after sensitization (2.05 mg/ml). However, EC200RL of the rats that reacted to OA (n = 7) decreased significantly after 3 (1.11 mg/ml; P less than 0.005) and 6 OA exposures (0.96 mg/ml; P less than 0.005). The increase in responsiveness to inhaled MCh was present 17 days after the last OA exposure (EC200RL = 1.40 mg/ml; P less than 0.05). EC200RL of neither the unreactive sensitized rats (n = 3) nor the control rats (n = 4) changed after OA challenges.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
We identified a total of 595 Finnish children born in 1994-2008 and diagnosed as having inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by October 2010 from the National Reimbursement Register (based on certificates including the diagnostic criteria) to determine whether the presence of cow's milk allergy (CMA) or asthma is associated with the risk of contracting IBD (altogether 2380 matched controls). A diagnosis of CMA in infancy was associated with Crohn disease (odds ratio [OR] 1.92, confidence interval [CI] 1.09-3.36, P
We examined the role of CD8+ T cells in a Brown-Norway rat model of asthma, using a monoclonal antibody to deplete CD8+ T cells. Ovalbumin (OA)-sensitized animals were given anti-CD8 antibody (0.5 mg/rat) intravenously 1 week prior to exposure to 1% OA aerosol and were studied 18-24 hr after aerosol exposure. Following administration of anti-CD8 antibody, CD8+ cells were reduced to
The influence of polarized polychromatic light on immunocompetent cells in complex with immunomodulated bronchomunal is studied. Data of content of the main cytokines taking part in development of inflammation are presented. It is cleared up that polarized light increases the number of T-lymphocyties, normalizes ratio of subpopulation of T-lymphocyties and level of serum FNO-alpha and level of interleukin-4 reaches the level of healthy people. It is ascertained that complex use bronchomunal and polarized polychromatic increases level of serum interferon-gamma.
The objective of this study is to investigate if endothelin-1 (ET-1) gene expression changes during the early response phase following antigen challenge. We used sensitized Brown-Norway rats known to develop an early airway response after antigen challenge. After ovalbumin challenge, sensitized rats presented an early response, characterized by an increase in pulmonary pressure (209+/-14.53%,P
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to evaluate the expression of Th-1 and Th-2 related cytokine mRNA and nuclear factor (NF) kB in the lung tissue of ovalbumin (OA) sensitized brown Norway rats (BNR). We also evaluated the correlation between bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) and eosinophils with cytokine mRNA expression. METHODS: Eight BNR (weight range 250-350 g) were sensitized by inhaled OA (group I) with a 1-week interval between and then provoked with OA 1 week later. Pulmonary function tests (PFT) were performed at baseline and 24 h after acetylcholine challenge. Eight weight-matched normal BNR served as controls (group II). All animals were anesthetized, paralyzed with gallamine, and ventilated via tracheostomy. They were given varying doses of acetylcholine (25, 50, 75, 100 microg/kg) injected through a jugular venous catheter. Five seconds after acetylcholine injections, PFTs were performed, including a maximal forced expiratory maneuver (MFEM), airway opening pressure (P(ao)) at tidal breathing and total dynamic lung compliance (C(dyn)). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was then performed with 20 ml normal saline divided into two doses. Thereafter, the lungs were removed and examined histologically. Total RNA was extracted from lung tissue samples and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was performed using primers for mRNA of IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, interferon-gamma (IFNr) and beta-actine. RESULTS: Group I OA treated rats had typical airway obstruction on PFTs and airway inflammation on histological examination. Ratios of IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA levels to beta-actine as measured by densitometry were significantly lower in controls than in OA-sensitized rats. The IFNr mRNA to beta-actin ratio was significantly reduced in OA-sensitized rats. Group I demonstrated a band shift when compared with group II in electromobility shift assay (EMSA) for NF-kB indicating increased activation of this transcription factor. CONCLUSION: Th-2 related cytokine mRNA was increased but Th-1 related cytokine mRNA was decreased in OA-sensitized BNR. An increased level of Th-2 related cytokine mRNA correlated with decreased airflow and inflammatory changes. These results demonstrate the value of the BNR model for studying allergic asthma at the molecular level.
On the basis of the analysis of plasmapheresis (PPh) influence on clinical and functional and immunological indices in 105 patients with bronchial asthma the authors have come to the conclusion that PPh effect is the number-of-procedures-dependent. The most pronounced effect occurred in those groups having been given three to five PPh procedures. The above effect begins to reveal itself during the first postoperative week but the greatest positive changes take place between the 7th and the 14th days. As it won't make any difference whether three or five PPh sessions are conducted, the authors recommend plasmapheresis to be done on a three-procedure basis.