It is generally surmised that community stressors have an incubating effect for a variety of diagnoses on maternal and child health. This is of public health significance, as children of mothers facing long-term distress were found to have a 60% higher risk for asthma diagnosis at age 7 in Manitoba, Canada. Our objective was to determine the association of community stressors with childhood asthma prevalence in Winnipeg, Canada from participants who completed the Study of Asthma, Genes and the Environment (SAGE) survey administered in 2002-2003 to a birth cohort from 1995. Measures of community socioeconomic makeup and community disorder with rank ordinalized by quintile at the census tract level were obtained from the 1996 Canada Census. Crime data (annual incidence per 10,000 persons) by neighbourhood profile for 2001 was provided by the Winnipeg Police Service. Dichotomous caregiver report of child asthma along with other indicators from the geocoded SAGE survey allowed linkage to 23 neighbourhood profiles. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the effect of community stressors on childhood asthma prevalence for birth and non-birth home children (N = 1472) and children resident of birth homes at age 7 or 8 (N = 698). After adjusting for individual risk factors, children resident of birth homes in a high thefts over $5,000 neighbourhood profile were twice as likely (Adjusted OR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.11-3.81) to have report of asthma compared to children in a lower thefts over $5,000 profile, with community thefts over $5,000 explaining over half of the observed neighbourhood variation in asthma.
Cites: Ann Behav Med. 2001 Summer;23(3):177-8511495218
This Swedish register-based cohort study examined whether asthma, hay fever and allergic dermatitis in late adolescence identified in the early 1970s are associated with antidepressant medication in middle age, between 2006 and 2009. After adjustment for childhood and adulthood sociodemographic characteristics, psychological, cognitive and physical function, and comorbidity, the magnitude of the associations diminished for asthma, while hay fever and atopic dermatitis retained associations. Hay fever and atopic dermatitis in adolescence have potentially important implications for future mental health, while asthma may already have influenced an individual's ability to cope with stress by late adolescence.
The goal of this study is to examine the association between asthma and mental disorders and the impact of asthma and mental disorder comorbidity on functional impairment and mental health care service use among adults in the community.
Data came from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.2 (N=36,984; age >/=15 years; response rate, 77%). Mental disorders were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Chronic physical health conditions, quality of life, and disability were also assessed. Asthma diagnoses were based on self-report of having been diagnosed with asthma by a health care professional.
Asthma was associated with a significantly increased likelihood of a range of mental disorders among adults in Canada, with the strongest links between asthma and posttraumatic stress disorder, mania, and panic disorder. Adults with both mental disorders and asthma had significantly higher rates of functional impairment and use of mental health services, compared with those with either asthma or mental disorders but not both.
Our findings provide new information suggesting that adults in the community with asthma and mental disorders have higher levels of both short- and long-term health-condition-related functional disability and greater use of mental health services, compared with those with asthma without mental disorders. Results are also consistent with previous studies showing a significant link between asthma and mental disorders. Implications of these findings for efforts aimed at secondary prevention and improving treatment strategies for individuals with both asthma and mental disorders are discussed.
BACKGROUND: Having atopic dermatitis (AD) as well as other chronic diseases is often associated with reduced mental health. Adolescents with AD are thought to be especially vulnerable, but few studies have included an ample number of young people. OBJECTIVES: To study self-reported mental distress among boys and girls 13-19 years of age with AD compared with mental distress among healthy adolescents as well as mental distress among adolescents with other chronic diseases or complaints, such as headache, neck or shoulder pain, asthma, allergy and rhinitis. METHODS: The Young-HUNT study was conducted as a cross-sectional, population-based survey in 1995-97. All students in Nord-Trondelag County, Norway, aged 13-19 years were invited, and some 89% participated. A questionnaire on mental and somatic health, life-style and social conditions was completed during one school hour. RESULTS: A total of 4384 girls and 4433 boys participated. The prevalence of mental distress was higher among older teenagers, and more than every fourth girl aged 17-19 reported mental distress. Although more girls than boys reported mental distress, AD, headache and neck or shoulder pain, the odds for reporting both AD and mental distress were higher for boys [odds ratio (OR) = 2.1 (1.6-2.9)] compared with girls [OR = 1.3 (1.1-1.6)]. A corresponding sex difference in reporting mental distress was also seen for some other chronic diseases or complaints. CONCLUSIONS: In adolescents aged 13-19 years there was a strong and significant association between self-reported mental distress and AD as well as headache and neck or shoulder pain for both sexes. Although boys reported fewer complaints as AD, they perceived the complaints a heavier burden than did the girls.
The aim of this study was to investigate the relative burden of rhinitis and asthma on health-related quality of life (HRQL) as a function of gender and age in the general population. A cross-sectional, general population survey was conducted, comprising 5918 men and women aged 16-64 years. The SF-36 Health Survey was administered by mail, along with questions regarding nasal complaints after 15 years of age and physician-diagnosed asthma. Overall, rhinitis and asthma were each associated with impaired HRQL compared with non-cases and the burden of these illnesses in combination was incremental. In the age group 16-49 years, men and women with rhinitis alone had significantly worse health profiles on most scales than non-cases, while asthmatics, with or without rhinitis, showed further decrements on only a few scales. In the age group 50-64 years, men with rhinitis did not differ from non-cases and no differences were found between asthmatics and rhinitis victims on any scale. In contrast, women aged 50-64 years with rhinitis had significantly worse scores than non-cases on bodily pain and general well-being scales (GH, VT), and asthmatics scored much lower on all scales than those with rhinitis alone. The negative association of rhinitis and asthma with HRQL differs by age and sex in the general population. Women aged 50-64 years with one or both ailments are particularly affected. Such gender and age differences should be taken into consideration in the care and treatment of patients with rhinitis and asthma.
Asthma and allergies are common conditions among Aboriginal children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to assess the health and health-care inequities experienced by affected children and by their parents. Aboriginal research assistants conducted individual interviews with 46 Aboriginal children and adolescents who had asthma and/or allergies (26 First Nations, 19 Métis, 1 Inuit) and 51 parents or guardians of these children and adolescents. Followup group interviews were conducted with 16 adolescents and 25 parents/ guardians. Participants reported inadequate educational resources, environmental vulnerability, social and cultural pressures, exclusion, isolation, stigma, blame, and major support deficits. They also described barriers to health-service access, inadequate health care, disrespectful treatment and discrimination by health-care providers, and deficient health insurance. These children, adolescents, and parents recommended the establishment of culturally appropriate support and education programs delivered by Aboriginal peers and health professionals.
Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important subjectively evaluated outcome of adolescents physical, mental, and social functioning. It gives us the possibility to assess the disease impact on life of adolescents, and to sort out target groups of adolescents for future psychological interventions. The objective of this cross-sectional survey was to study HRQoL in 173 adolescents with chronic physical illness (CPI - diabetes, asthma, and epilepsy), and to find HRQoL predictors in each disease group.
Disease-specific questionnaires were completed by each adolescent recruited from the local outpatient clinic; mothers answered the questions on socioeconomic status (SES); and the patients' clinicians evaluated the severity of the disease.
A high proportion of adolescents in each disease specific sample reported moderate to high levels of HRQoL. Gender was the most prominent predictor of HRQoL in all three studied groups, while disease severity predicted HRQoL in the diabetic group and to some extent in the asthma group.
Our results provide evidence that adolescents with diabetes, asthma, and epilepsy in northern Russia maintain relatively moderate to high levels of HRQoL. The domains affecting HRQoL were related to both disease-specific (severity) and non-disease factors (gender and SES). Our study suggests that future psychosocial interventions should focus on aspects of CPI impacting adolescents in gendered ways, furthermore taking into account disease specific factors.
Psychological factors such as anxiety and depression are prevalent in patients with asthma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between respiratory symptoms and psychological status and to estimate the importance of psychological status in comparison with other factors that are known to be associated with respiratory symptoms. This study included 2270 subjects aged 20-44 (52% female) from Sweden, Iceland, and Norway. Each participant underwent a clinical interview including questions on respiratory symptoms. Spirometry and methacholine challenge were performed. Symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Eighty-two percent of the subjects reported no anxiety or depression whatsoever, 11% reported anxiety, 2.5% depression and 4% reported both anxiety and depression. All respiratory symptoms, such as wheezing, breathlessness and nightly symptoms, were more common, at a statistically significant level, in participants who had depression and anxiety, even after adjusting for confounders (ORs 1.33-1.94). The HADS score was the most important determinant for nightly symptoms and attacks of breathlessness when at rest whereas bronchial responsiveness was the most important determinant for wheezing, and breathlessness when wheezing. The probability of respiratory symptoms related to HADS score increased with increasing HADS score for all respiratory symptoms. In conclusion, there is a strong association between respiratory symptoms and psychological status. There is therefore a need for interventional studies designed to improve depression and anxiety in patients with respiratory symptoms.
Asthma is associated with decreased health-related quality of life and increased physical comorbidity and mortality, high rates of clinic visits and hospitalizations, and loss of productivity in the workplace.
The objective of the present study was to determine the joint effect of psychological distress and asthma on functional disability in a community sample.
The authors used data from The Canadian Community and Health Survey (N=62,274). Psychological distress was measured by the 10-item Kessler (K-10) instrument. Asthma, disability days, self-assessed health status, and long-term reduction in activities were assessed by personal interview.
The prevalence of functional disability was higher in subjects with asthma and comorbid psychological distress than in individuals with either asthma or psychological distress alone.
Detecting and managing psychological problems might be particularly beneficial for persons with asthma.